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PERFORATING; PUNCHING; CUTTING-OUT; STAMPING-OUT; SEVERING BY MEANS OTHER THAN CUTTING (marking-out, perforating or making buttonholes A41H 25/00; manufacturing footwear A43D; surgery A61B; punching metal B21D; drilling metal B23B; cutting of metal by applying heat locally, e.g. flame cutting, B23K; cutting by abrasive fluid jets B24C 5/02; details common to machines for severing B26D; drilling wood B27C; drilling stone B28D; working of plastics or substances in a plastic state B29; making boxes, cartons, envelopes or bags, of paper or similarly worked materials, e.g. metal foil, B31B; of glass C03B; of leather C14B; of textile materials D06H; for light guides G02B 6/25; of tickets G07B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Perforating, punching, cutting-out, stamping-out;

severing, by means other than cutting, non-metallic sheet material or metal foil in general;

severing, by means other than cutting, other forms of non-metallic materials not otherwise provided for.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Marking-out, perforating or making buttonholes
Punching metal
Drilling metal
Cutting of metal by applying heat locally, e.g. flame cutting
Guns for cutting by abrasive fluid jets
Details common to machines for severing
Drilling wood
Drilling stone
Cutting of glass
Cutting of leather
Severing of textile materials
Cutting for light guides
Cutting of tickets
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Manufacturing footwear
Surgery
Working of plastics or substances in a plastic state
Making boxes, cartons, envelopes or bags, of paper or similarly worked materials, e.g. metal foil
Blasting with jets acting as abrasive jets, but not containing particulate material in the case of removal of extended surfaces
Blasting with jets acting as abrasive jets, but not containing particulate material in the case of deburring
Blasting with jets acting as abrasive jets, but not containing particulate material in the case of de jet milling of local recessions like e.g. grooves
HYPERLINK "http://babylon/projects/babylon/clasoqc.nsf/0/E24F974E720B1667C125785A004EC885?OpenDocument" \o "This section consists of definitions for significant words or phrases found in the titles or definition statements. For more details:"Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

flow drilling
Friction drilling, also commonly known by the trademarked name Flowdrilling, is a non-machining method of making holes in metal, in which the material is melted by adding high pressure and friction energy.
frame
frame is a structure surrounding a second structure
passpartout
Passe-Partout (or passepartout) is the French term for a HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mat_(picture_framing)" \o "Mat (picture framing)" mat, a paper or, more usually, cardboard sheet with a cutout, which is placed under the glass in a HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Picture_frame" \o "Picture frame" picture frame . A picture (a photo or print, drawing, etc.) is placed beneath it, with the cutout framing it. The passe-partout serves two purposes: first, to prevent the image from touching the glass, and second, to frame the image and enhance its visual appeal. The cutout in the passe-partout is usually beveled to avoid casting shadows on the picture.
squeezing
means to compress the material in a locally limited area (e.g. by a rounded edge) to such an extend, that the material is displaced and hence tensional stress is produced to such an extend that the material is severed.
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the expression/word "drilling" is often used instead of "punching or perforating" which is used in the classification scheme of this group.

Perforating; Punching; Cutting-out; Stamping-out; Apparatus therefor (subjecting the grinding tools or the abrading medium to vibration, e.g. grinding with ultrasonic frequency B24B 1/04, perforating by sand-blasting B24C; [N: e.g. abrasive blasting used for cutting B24C 1/045]; punching cards or tapes for statistical and record purposes G06K 1/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Perforating, e.g. perforating of particular materials; Punching; Cutting-out; Stamping-out; Apparatus therefor; Perforating characterized by the nature of the punching tool; Hand-held perforating or punching apparatus, e.g. awls; Cutting-out or stamping-out.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Punching cards or tapes for statistical and record purposes
Subjecting the grinding tools or the abrading medium to vibration, e.g. grinding with ultrasonic frequency
to notch margins of work
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

to notch margins of work

[N: by flow drilling (for metal B21C 37/292)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Flow drilling of metal
to form non-rectilinear cuts, e.g. for tabs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

to form non-rectilinear cuts, e.g. for tabs

Perforating by non-mechanical means, e.g. by fluid jet
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Perforating by non-mechanical means, e.g. by fluid jet like hot air or a water jet.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Needling of non woven fabrics
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Thermoforming of plastic webs
Mechanical treatment of absorbent pads
A61M13/15M6
Hand-held perforating or punching apparatus, e.g. awls
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Hand-held perforating or punching apparatus, e.g. awls

Punching or perforating pliers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Punching or perforating pliers. Desktop paper punches.

[N: cutting out frames (B26F 1/384, B26F 1/40 and B26F 1/44 take precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cutting out frames; E.g. all kind of cutters for cutting out so-called "passpartouts".

using a press, e.g. of the ram type (presses in general B30B)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Presses in general
having a pressure roller
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

having a pressure roller e.g.

Loose press knives
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Loose press knives

Severing by means other than cutting; Apparatus therefor (severing by grinding B24B 27/06)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Severing by grinding
[N: by means of a fluid jet (methods for use of abrasive blasting for cutting B24C 1/045; guns for abrasive fluid jets B24C 5/02; perforating by non-mechanical means, e.g. by fluid jet B26F 1/26)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Perforating by non-mechanical means, e.g. by fluid jet
Methods for use of abrasive blasting for cutting
Guns for abrasive fluid jets
by radiation (by laser beam B23K 26/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cutting by laser beam
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Last Modified: 10/11/2013