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Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC) References Date Revised
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CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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SYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS [2013‑01]
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Guidance heading:
Systems supporting electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
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Y04S 10/00
Systems supporting electrical power generation, transmission or distribution [2013‑01]
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Y04S 10/10
.
Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated power network elements or equipment (not used, see subgroups) [2013‑01]
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Y04S 10/12
. .
the elements or equipments being or involving energy generation units, including distributed generation [DER] or load-side generation [2013‑01]
Y04S 10/123
. . .
the energy generation units being or involving renewable energy sources [2013‑01]
Y04S 10/126
. . .
the energy generation units being or involving electricity based vehicles, i.e. power aggregation of electric vehicles [EV] or hybrid vehicles [HEV] (remote or cooperative charging Y04S 30/12; details associated with the interoperability in the section of transportation, e.g. vehicle recognition, authentication, identification or billing Y04S 30/14) [2013‑01]
Y04S 10/14
. .
the elements or equipments being or involving energy storage units (for systems comprising uninterruptible power supplies or standby generators Y04S 20/12) [2013‑01]
Y04S 10/16
. .
the elements or equipments being or involving electric power substations [2013‑01]
Y04S 10/18
. .
the elements or equipments being or involving switches, relays or circuit breakers, e.g. intelligent electronic devices [IED] [2013‑01]
Y04S 10/20
. .
the elements or equipments being or involving protection elements, arrangements or systems [2013‑01]
Y04S 10/22
. .
the element or elements being flexible AC transmission systems [FACTS] or power factor or reactive power compensating or correcting units [2013‑01]
Y04S 10/24
. .
the elements or equipments being or involving voltage regulating units [2013‑01]
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Y04S 10/26
. .
the elements or equipments being or involving measuring units [2013‑01]
Y04S 10/265
. . .
the elements or equipments being or involving phasor measuring units [PMU] [2013‑01]
Y04S 10/30
.
Systems characterised by state monitoring, e.g. fault, temperature monitoring, insulator monitoring, corona discharge [2013‑01]
Y04S 10/40
.
Systems characterised by the display of information, e.g. of data or controls [2013‑01]
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Y04S 10/50
.
Systems or methods supporting the power network operation or management, involving a certain degree of interaction with the load-side end user applications (not used, see subgroups) [2013‑01]
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Y04S 10/52
. .
Outage or fault management (not used, see subgroups) [2013‑01]
Y04S 10/522
. . .
Fault detection or location [2013‑01]
Y04S 10/525
. . .
Power restoration [2013‑01]
Y04S 10/527
. . .
Power quality monitoring [2013‑01]
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Y04S 10/54
. .
Management of operational aspects, e.g. planning, load or production forecast, maintenance, construction, extension [2013‑01]
Y04S 10/545
. . .
Computing methods or systems for efficient or low carbon management or operation of electric power systems [2013‑01]
Y04S 10/56
. .
Supply chain or logistics [2013‑01]
Y04S 10/58
. .
Financial aspects [2013‑01]
Y04S 10/60
. .
Reporting; Information providing; Statistics or analysis [2013‑01]
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Guidance heading:
Systems supporting the management or operation of end-user stationary applications, including also the last stages of power distribution and the control, monitoring or operating management systems at local level
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Y04S 20/00
Systems supporting the management or operation of end-user stationary applications, including also the last stages of power distribution and the control, monitoring or operating management systems at local level [2013‑01]
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Y04S 20/10
.
System characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated end-user elements or equipments (not used, see subgroups) [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/12
. .
the elements or equipments being or involving energy storage units, uninterruptible power supply [UPS] systems or standby or emergency generators involved in the last power distribution stages (energy storage units involved in power generation, transmission and distribution Y04S 10/14; uninterruptible power supply systems or standby or emergency generators as end-user application Y04S 20/248) [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/14
. .
The elements or equipments being or involving protection elements, switches, relays or circuit breakers [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/16
. .
The elements or equipments being or involving power plugs, sockets, adapters or power strips [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/18
. .
The element or elements being a direct current power network, grid or distribution line [2013‑01]
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Y04S 20/20
.
End-user application control systems (not used, see subgroups) [2013‑01]
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Y04S 20/22
. .
The system characterised by the aim of the control (not used, see subgroups) [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/221
. . .
General power management systems [2013‑01]
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Y04S 20/222
. . .
Demand response systems, e.g. load shedding, peak shaving [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/224
. . . .
Curtailment; Interruptions; Retail price-responsive demand [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/225
. . .
The system entering an energy saving mode, i.e. sleep, low-power or standby modes [2013‑01]
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Y04S 20/227
. . .
Domotics or building automation systems [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/228
. . . .
Characterised by involving a home automation communication network [2013‑01]
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Y04S 20/24
. .
The system characterised by the end-user application (not used, see subgroups) [2013‑01]
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Y04S 20/242
. . .
the end-user application being or involving home appliances [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/244
. . . .
the home appliances being or involving heating ventilating and air conditioning [HVAC] units [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/246
. . . .
the system involving the remote operation of lamps or lighting equipment [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/248
. . .
the end-user application involving uninterruptible power supply [UPS] systems or standby or emergency generators (for uninterruptible power supply systems or standby or emergency generators in the last power distribution stages Y04S 20/12) [2013‑01]
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Y04S 20/30
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Smart metering [2013‑01]
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Y04S 20/32
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Systems characterised by remote reading [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/322
. . .
from a fixed location [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/325
. . .
from a mobile location [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/327
. . .
The remote reading system including mechanisms for turning on/off the supply [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/34
. .
Systems which determine the environmental impact of user behavior [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/36
. .
Methods or devices for detecting or reporting abnormalities, e.g. faults, outages, leaks [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/38
. .
Identification of individual loads by analysing current or voltage waveforms [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/40
. .
Displaying of usage with respect to time, e.g. monitoring evolution of usage, relating usage and weather conditions [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/42
. .
Utility meters which are networked together, e.g. within a single building [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/44
. .
Displaying utility price or cost [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/46
. .
Remote display of meters readings [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/48
. .
Methods for determining the topology of meters in a network [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/50
. .
Retrofitting of installed meters [2013‑01]
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Y04S 20/52
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Systems oriented to metering of generated energy or power [2013‑01]
Y04S 20/525
. . .
Monitoring the performance of renewable electricity generating systems, i.e. of solar panels [2013‑01]
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Guidance heading:
Systems supporting specific end-user applications in the sector of transportation
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Y04S 30/00
Systems supporting specific end-user applications in the sector of transportation [2013‑01]
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Y04S 30/10
.
Systems supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles (not used, see subgroups) [2013‑01]
Y04S 30/12
. .
Remote or cooperative charging [2013‑01]
Y04S 30/14
. .
Details associated with the interoperability, e.g. vehicle recognition, authentication, identification or billing [2013‑01]
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Guidance heading:
Communication or information technology specific aspects supporting electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management
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Y04S 40/00
Communication or information technology specific aspects supporting electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management [2013‑01]
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Y04S 40/10
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Communication technology specific aspects (not used, see subgroups) [2013‑01]
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Y04S 40/12
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Details of the transmission structure or support between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment (not used, see subgroups) [2013‑01]
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Y04S 40/121
. . .
Using the power network as support for the transmission [2013‑01]
Y04S 40/122
. . . .
Using pulsed signals [2013‑01]
Y04S 40/123
. . . .
Using modification of a parameter of the network power signal [2013‑01]
Y04S 40/124
. . .
Using a data transmission bus [2013‑01]
Y04S 40/125
. . .
Using phone lines [2013‑01]
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Y04S 40/126
. . .
Using wireless data transmission [2013‑01]
Y04S 40/127
. . . .
by means of mobile telephony [2013‑01]
Y04S 40/128
. . .
Using Internet [2013‑01]
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Y04S 40/14
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Aspects related to the treatment or conditioning of data or signals (not used, see subgroups) [2013‑01]
Y04S 40/143
. . .
Associated to the communication via dedicated transmission supports [2013‑01]
Y04S 40/146
. . .
Associated to the communication via the power transmission network [2013‑01]
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Y04S 40/16
. .
Details of management of the overlaying communication network between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipments (not used, see subgroups) [2013‑01]
Y04S 40/162
. . .
related to configuration or provisioning [2013‑01]
Y04S 40/164
. . .
related to network topology [2013‑01]
Y04S 40/166
. . .
related to fault management [2013‑01]
Y04S 40/168
. . .
for performance monitoring [2013‑01]
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Y04S 40/20
.
Information technology specific aspects (not used, see subgroups) [2013‑01]
Y04S 40/22
. .
Computer aided design [CAD]; Simulation; Modelling [2013‑01]
Y04S 40/24
. .
Arrangements for network security or for protecting computers or computer systems against unauthorised activity, e.g. cyber security [2013‑01]
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Guidance heading:
Market activities related to the operation of systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies
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Y04S 50/00
Market activities related to the operation of systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies [2013‑01]
Y04S 50/10
.
Energy trading, including energy flowing from end-user application to grid [2013‑01]
Y04S 50/12
.
Billing, invoicing, buying or selling transactions or other related activities, e.g. cost or usage evaluation [2013‑01]
Y04S 50/14
.
Marketing, i.e. market research and analysis, surveying, promotions, advertising, buyer profiling, customer management or rewards [2013‑01]
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/10/2013