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Outline
Indent Level
Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC)

CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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SYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
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Guide Heading:
Systems supporting electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
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Y04S 10/00
Systems supporting electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
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Y04S 10/10
.
Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated power network elements or equipment (not used, see subgroups)
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Y04S 10/12
. .
the elements or equipments being or involving energy generation units, including distributed generation [DER] or load-side generation
Y04S 10/123
. . .
the energy generation units being or involving renewable energy sources
Y04S 10/126
. . .
the energy generation units being or involving electricity based vehicles, i.e. power aggregation of electric vehicles [EV] or hybrid vehicles [HEV] (remote or cooperative charging Y04S 30/12; details associated with the interoperability in the section of transportation, e.g. vehicle recognition, authentication, identification or billing Y04S 30/14)
Y04S 10/14
. .
the elements or equipments being or involving energy storage units (for systems comprising uninterruptible power supplies or standby generators Y04S 20/12)
Y04S 10/16
. .
the elements or equipments being or involving electric power substations
Y04S 10/18
. .
the elements or equipments being or involving switches, relays or circuit breakers, e.g. intelligent electronic devices [IED]
Y04S 10/20
. .
the elements or equipments being or involving protection elements, arrangements or systems
Y04S 10/22
. .
the element or elements being flexible AC transmission systems [FACTS] or power factor or reactive power compensating or correcting units
Y04S 10/24
. .
the elements or equipments being or involving voltage regulating units
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Y04S 10/26
. .
the elements or equipments being or involving measuring units
Y04S 10/265
. . .
the elements or equipments being or involving phasor measuring units [PMU]
Y04S 10/30
.
Systems characterised by state monitoring, e.g. fault, temperature monitoring, insulator monitoring, corona discharge
Y04S 10/40
.
Systems characterised by the display of information, e.g. of data or controls
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Y04S 10/50
.
Systems or methods supporting the power network operation or management, involving a certain degree of interaction with the load-side end user applications (not used, see subgroups)
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Y04S 10/52
. .
Outage or fault management (not used, see subgroups)
Y04S 10/522
. . .
Fault detection or location
Y04S 10/525
. . .
Power restoration
Y04S 10/527
. . .
Power quality monitoring
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Y04S 10/54
. .
Management of operational aspects, e.g. planning, load or production forecast, maintenance, construction, extension
Y04S 10/545
. . .
Computing methods or systems for efficient or low carbon management or operation of electric power systems
Y04S 10/56
. .
Supply chain or logistics
Y04S 10/58
. .
Financial aspects
Y04S 10/60
. .
Reporting; Information providing; Statistics or analysis
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Guide Heading:
Systems supporting the management or operation of end-user stationary applications, including also the last stages of power distribution and the control, monitoring or operating management systems at local level
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Y04S 20/00
Systems supporting the management or operation of end-user stationary applications, including also the last stages of power distribution and the control, monitoring or operating management systems at local level
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Y04S 20/10
.
System characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated end-user elements or equipments (not used, see subgroups)
Y04S 20/12
. .
the elements or equipments being or involving energy storage units, uninterruptible power supply [UPS] systems or standby or emergency generators involved in the last power distribution stages (energy storage units involved in power generation, transmission and distribution Y04S 10/14; uninterruptible power supply systems or standby or emergency generators as end-user application Y04S 20/248)
Y04S 20/14
. .
The elements or equipments being or involving protection elements, switches, relays or circuit breakers
Y04S 20/16
. .
The elements or equipments being or involving power plugs, sockets, adapters or power strips
Y04S 20/18
. .
The element or elements being a direct current power network, grid or distribution line
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Y04S 20/20
.
End-user application control systems (not used, see subgroups)
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Y04S 20/22
. .
The system characterised by the aim of the control (not used, see subgroups)
Y04S 20/221
. . .
General power management systems
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Y04S 20/222
. . .
Demand response systems, e.g. load shedding, peak shaving
Y04S 20/224
. . . .
Curtailment; Interruptions; Retail price-responsive demand
Y04S 20/225
. . .
The system entering an energy saving mode, i.e. sleep, low-power or standby modes
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Y04S 20/227
. . .
Domotics or building automation systems
Y04S 20/228
. . . .
Characterised by involving a home automation communication network
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Y04S 20/24
. .
The system characterised by the end-user application (not used, see subgroups)
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Y04S 20/242
. . .
the end-user application being or involving home appliances
Y04S 20/244
. . . .
the home appliances being or involving heating ventilating and air conditioning [HVAC] units
Y04S 20/246
. . . .
the system involving the remote operation of lamps or lighting equipment
Y04S 20/248
. . .
the end-user application involving uninterruptible power supply [UPS] systems or standby or emergency generators (for uninterruptible power supply systems or standby or emergency generators in the last power distribution stages Y04S 20/12)
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Y04S 20/30
.
Smart metering
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Y04S 20/32
. .
Systems characterised by remote reading
Y04S 20/322
. . .
from a fixed location
Y04S 20/325
. . .
from a mobile location
Y04S 20/327
. . .
The remote reading system including mechanisms for turning on/off the supply
Y04S 20/34
. .
Systems which determine the environmental impact of user behavior
Y04S 20/36
. .
Methods or devices for detecting or reporting abnormalities, e.g. faults, outages, leaks
Y04S 20/38
. .
Identification of individual loads by analysing current or voltage waveforms
Y04S 20/40
. .
Displaying of usage with respect to time, e.g. monitoring evolution of usage, relating usage and weather conditions
Y04S 20/42
. .
Utility meters which are networked together, e.g. within a single building
Y04S 20/44
. .
Displaying utility price or cost
Y04S 20/46
. .
Remote display of meters readings
Y04S 20/48
. .
Methods for determining the topology of meters in a network
Y04S 20/50
. .
Retrofitting of installed meters
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Y04S 20/52
. .
Systems oriented to metering of generated energy or power
Y04S 20/525
. . .
Monitoring the performance of renewable electricity generating systems, i.e. of solar panels
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Guide Heading:
Systems supporting specific end-user applications in the sector of transportation
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Y04S 30/00
Systems supporting specific end-user applications in the sector of transportation
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Y04S 30/10
.
Systems supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles (not used, see subgroups)
Y04S 30/12
. .
Remote or cooperative charging
Y04S 30/14
. .
Details associated with the interoperability, e.g. vehicle recognition, authentication, identification or billing
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Guide Heading:
Communication or information technology specific aspects supporting electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management
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Y04S 40/00
Communication or information technology specific aspects supporting electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management
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Y04S 40/10
.
Communication technology specific aspects (not used, see subgroups)
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Y04S 40/12
. .
Details of the transmission structure or support between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment (not used, see subgroups)
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Y04S 40/121
. . .
Using the power network as support for the transmission
Y04S 40/122
. . . .
Using pulsed signals
Y04S 40/123
. . . .
Using modification of a parameter of the network power signal
Y04S 40/124
. . .
Using a data transmission bus
Y04S 40/125
. . .
Using phone lines
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Y04S 40/126
. . .
Using wireless data transmission
Y04S 40/127
. . . .
by means of mobile telephony
Y04S 40/128
. . .
Using Internet
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Y04S 40/14
. .
Aspects related to the treatment or conditioning of data or signals (not used, see subgroups)
Y04S 40/143
. . .
Associated to the communication via dedicated transmission supports
Y04S 40/146
. . .
Associated to the communication via the power transmission network
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Y04S 40/16
. .
Details of management of the overlaying communication network between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipments (not used, see subgroups)
Y04S 40/162
. . .
related to configuration or provisioning
Y04S 40/164
. . .
related to network topology
Y04S 40/166
. . .
related to fault management
Y04S 40/168
. . .
for performance monitoring
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Y04S 40/20
.
Information technology specific aspects (not used, see subgroups)
Y04S 40/22
. .
Computer aided design [CAD]; Simulation; Modelling
Y04S 40/24
. .
Arrangements for network security or for protecting computers or computer systems against unauthorised activity, e.g. cyber security
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Guide Heading:
Market activities related to the operation of systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies
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Y04S 50/00
Market activities related to the operation of systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies
Y04S 50/10
.
Energy trading, including energy flowing from end-user application to grid
Y04S 50/12
.
Billing, invoicing, buying or selling transactions or other related activities, e.g. cost or usage evaluation
Y04S 50/14
.
Marketing, i.e. market research and analysis, surveying, promotions, advertising, buyer profiling, customer management or rewards
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/10/2013