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Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC) References Date Revised
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CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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PRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES (synthesis gas from liquid or gaseous hydrocarbons C01B ; underground gasification of minerals E21B 43/295); CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES [2013‑01]
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Production of fuel gases by carburetting air or other gases without pyrolysis (for internal-combustion engines F02) [2013‑01]
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C10J 1/02
.
Carburetting air [2013‑01]
C10J 1/04
. .
Controlling supply of air [2013‑01]
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C10J 1/06
. .
with materials which are liquid at ordinary temperatures [2013‑01]
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C10J 1/08
. . .
by passage of air through or over the surface of the liquid [2013‑01]
C10J 1/10
. . . .
with the liquid absorbed on carriers [2013‑01]
C10J 1/12
. . .
by atomisation of the liquid [2013‑01]
C10J 1/14
. . .
Controlling the supply of liquid in accordance with the air supply [2013‑01]
C10J 1/16
. .
with solid hydrocarbons [2013‑01]
C10J 1/18
. .
in rotary carburettors [2013‑01]
C10J 1/20
.
Carburetting gases other than air [2013‑01]
C10J 1/207
.
Carburetting by pyrolysis of solid carbonaceous material in a fuel bed (C10J 3/66 takes precedence) [2013‑01]
C10J 1/213
.
Carburetting by pyrolysis of solid carbonaceous material in a carburettor [2013‑01]
C10J 1/22
.
Adding materials to prevent vapour deposition [2013‑01]
C10J 1/24
.
Controlling humidity of the air or gas to be carburetted [2013‑01]
C10J 1/26
.
using raised temperatures or pressures [2013‑01]
C10J 1/28
.
Odorising air gas [2013‑01]
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Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels (destructive distillation processes C10B) [2013‑01]
C10J 3/002
.
{
Horizontal gasifiers, e.g. belt-type gasifiers
}
[2013‑01]
C10J 3/005
.
{
Rotary drum or kiln gasifiers
}
[2013‑01]
C10J 3/007
.
{
Screw type gasifiers
}
[2013‑01]
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.
Fixed-bed gasification of lump fuel [2013‑01]
C10J 3/04
. .
Cyclic processes, e.g. alternate blast and run [2013‑01]
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C10J 3/06
. .
Continuous processes [2013‑01]
C10J 3/08
. . .
with ash-removal in liquid state [2013‑01]
C10J 3/10
. . .
using external heating [2013‑01]
C10J 3/12
. . .
using solid heat-carriers [2013‑01]
C10J 3/14
. . .
using gaseous heat-carriers [2013‑01]
C10J 3/16
. . .
simultaneously reacting oxygen and water with the carbonaceous material [2013‑01]
C10J 3/18
. . .
using electricity [2013‑01]
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C10J 3/20
. .
Apparatus; Plant [2013‑01]
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C10J 3/22
. . .
Arrangement or dispositions of valves or flues [2013‑01]
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C10J 3/24
. . . .
to permit flow of gases or vapours other than upwardly through the fuel bed [2013‑01]
C10J 3/26
. . . . .
downwardly [2013‑01]
C10J 3/28
. . . .
fully automatic [2013‑01]
. . .
Fuel charging devices [2013‑01]
C10J 3/32
. . .
Devices for distributing fuel evenly over the bed or for stirring up the fuel bed [2013‑01]
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. . .
Grates; Mechanical ash-removing devices [2013‑01]
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C10J 3/36
. . . .
Fixed grates [2013‑01]
C10J 3/38
. . . . .
with stirring beams [2013‑01]
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C10J 3/40
. . . .
Movable grates [2013‑01]
C10J 3/42
. . . . .
Rotary grates [2013‑01]
. . .
adapted for use on vehicles [2013‑01]
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C10J 3/46
.
Gasification of granular or pulverulent flues in suspension [2013‑01]
WARNING

. .
{
in stationary fluidised beds
}
[2013‑01]
. .
{
Entrained flow processes
}
[2013‑01]
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C10J 3/48
. .
Apparatus; Plant [2013‑01]
. . .
{
Gasifiers with stationary fluidised bed
}
[2013‑01]
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C10J 3/485
. . .
{
Entrained flow gasifiers
}
[2013‑01]
C10J 3/487
. . . .
{
Swirling or cyclonic gasifiers
}
[2013‑01]
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. . .
Fuel charging devices [2013‑01]
C10J 3/503
. . . .
{
for gasifiers with stationary fluidised bed
}
[2013‑01]
C10J 3/506
. . . .
{
for entrained flow gasifiers
}
[2013‑01]
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. . .
Ash-removing devices [2013‑01]
C10J 3/523
. . . .
{
for gasifiers with stationary fluidised bed
}
[2013‑01]
C10J 3/526
. . . .
{
for entrained flow gasifiers
}
[2013‑01]
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. .
Gasification of granular or pulverulent fuels by the Winkler technique, i.e. by fluidisation [2013‑01]
C10J 3/56
. . .
Apparatus; Plant [2013‑01]
.
Gasification using molten salts or metals (C10J 3/02 , C10J 3/46 take precedence) [2013‑01]
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.
combined with pre-distillation of the fuel [2013‑01]
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C10J 3/60
. .
Processes [2013‑01]
. . .
with separate withdrawal of the distillation products [2013‑01]
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. . .
with decomposition of the distillation products [2013‑01]
. . . .
by introducing them into the gasification zone [2013‑01]
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C10J 3/72
.
Other features [2013‑01]
C10J 3/721
. .
{
Multistage gasification, e.g. plural parallel or serial gasification stages
}
[2013‑01]
C10J 3/723
. .
{
Controlling or regulating the gasification process
}
[2013‑01]
C10J 3/725
. .
{
Redox processes
}
[2013‑01]
C10J 3/726
. .
{
Start-up
}
[2013‑01]
C10J 3/728
. .
{
Shut down
}
[2013‑01]
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C10J 3/74
. .
Construction of shells or jackets [2013‑01]
. . .
Water jackets; Steam boiler-jackets [2013‑01]
. .
High-pressure apparatus [2013‑01]
C10J 3/80
. .
with arrangements for preheating the blast or the water vapour [2013‑01]
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C10J 3/82
. .
Gas withdrawal means [2013‑01]
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. . .
with means for removing dust or tar from the gas [2013‑01]
C10J 3/845
. . . .
{
Quench rings
}
[2013‑01]
. .
combined with waste-heat boilers [2013‑01]
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C10J 2200/00
Details of gasification apparatus [2013‑01]
C10J 2200/06
.
Catalysts as integral part of gasifiers (catalysts added to the feed C10J 2300/0986) [2013‑01]
C10J 2200/09
.
Mechanical details of gasifiers not otherwise provided for, e.g. sealing means [2013‑01]
C10J 2200/12
.
Electrodes present in the gasifier [2013‑01]
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C10J 2200/15
.
Details of feeding means [2013‑01]
C10J 2200/152
. .
Nozzles or lances for introducing gas, liquids or suspensions [2013‑01]
C10J 2200/154
. .
Pushing devices, e.g. pistons [2013‑01]
C10J 2200/156
. .
Sluices, e.g. mechanical sluices for preventing escape of gas through the feed inlet [2013‑01]
C10J 2200/158
. .
Screws [2013‑01]
C10J 2200/31
.
Mobile gasifiers, e.g. for use in cars, ships or containers [2013‑01]
C10J 2200/33
.
Laboratory scale gasifiers [2013‑01]
C10J 2200/36
.
Moving parts inside the gasification reactor not otherwise provided for (devices for distributing fuel evenly over a fixed bed C10J 3/32) [2013‑01]
C10J 2200/39
.
Gasifiers designed as centrifuge [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/00
Details of gasification processes [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/06
.
Modeling or simulation of processes [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/09
.
Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/0903
. .
Feed preparation [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0906
. . .
Physical processes, e.g. shredding, comminuting, chopping, sorting [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0909
. . .
Drying [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/0913
. .
Carbonaceous raw material [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/0916
. . .
Biomass [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/092
. . . .
Wood, cellulose [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0923
. . . .
Sludge, e.g. from water treatment plant [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0926
. . .
Slurries comprising bio-oil or bio-coke, i.e. charcoal, obtained e.g. by fast pyrolysis of biomass [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/093
. . .
Coal [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0933
. . . .
Coal fines for producing water gas [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0936
. . . .
Coal fines for producing producer gas [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/094
. . .
Char [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0943
. . .
Coke [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0946
. . .
Waste, e.g. MSW, tires, glass, tar sand, peat, paper, lignite, oil shale [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/095
. . .
Exhaust gas from an external process for purification [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/0953
. .
Gasifying agents [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0956
. . .
Air or oxygen enriched air [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0959
. . .
Oxygen [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0963
. . .
Ozone [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0966
. . .
Hydrogen [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0969
. . .
Carbon dioxide [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/0973
. . .
Water [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0976
. . . .
as steam [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0979
. . . .
as supercritical steam [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/0983
. .
Additives [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0986
. . .
Catalysts [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0989
. . .
Hydrocarbons as additives to gasifying agents to improve caloric properties [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0993
. . .
Inert particles, e.g. as heat exchange medium in a fluidized or moving bed, heat carriers, sand [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/0996
. . .
Calcium-containing inorganic materials, e.g. lime [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/12
.
Heating the gasifier [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1207
. .
using pyrolysis gas as fuel [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1215
. .
using synthesis gas as fuel [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1223
. .
by burners [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/123
. .
by electromagnetic waves, e.g. microwaves [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1238
. . .
by plasma [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1246
. .
by external or indirect heating [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1253
. .
by injecting hot gas [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1261
. .
by pulse burners [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/1269
. .
by radiating device, e.g. radiant tubes [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1276
. . .
by electricity, e.g. resistor heating [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/1284
. .
by renewable energy, e.g. solar energy, photovoltaic cells, wind [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1292
. . .
mSolar energy [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/16
.
Integration of gasification processes with another plant or parts within the plant [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/1603
. .
with gas treatment (gas cleaning C10K 1/00) [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1606
. . .
Combustion processes [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1609
. . .
Post-reduction, e.g. on a red-white-hot coke or coal bed [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1612
. . .
CO2-separation and sequestration, i.e. long time storage [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1615
. . .
Stripping [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1618
. . .
Modification of synthesis gas composition, e.g. to meet some criteria [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1621
. . .
Compression of synthesis gas [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/1625
. .
with solids treatment [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/1628
. . .
Ash post-treatment [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1631
. . . .
Ash recycling [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1634
. . . .
Ash vitrification [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1637
. . .
Char combustion [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/164
. .
with conversion of synthesis gas [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/1643
. . .
Conversion of synthesis gas to energy [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1646
. . . .
integrated with a fuel cell (gasification of solids in fuel cells H01M 8/0643) [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/165
. . . .
integrated with a gas turbine or gas motor (gas turbine plants provided with a gas producer F02C 3/28 ; engines using solid fuels F02B 43/08) [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1653
. . . .
integrated in an gasification combined cycle [IGCC] (engines driven by heat coming from a gasification or pyrolysis unit F01K 23/067) [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/1656
. . .
Conversion of synthesis gas to chemicals [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1659
. . . .
to liquid hydrocarbons (Fischer-Tropsch process C10G 2/00) [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1662
. . . .
to methane (SNG) (production of synthetic natural gas C10L 3/08) [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1665
. . . .
to alcohols, e.g. methanol or ethanol (preparation of alcohols in general C07C 29/00) [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1668
. . . .
to urea (preparation of urea C07C 273/00); to ammonia (preparation of ammonia C01C 1/0405) [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/1671
. .
with the production of electricity [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1675
. . .
making use of a steam turbine [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1678
. .
with air separation (separating gases using rectification of air F25J 3/04521) [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1681
. .
with biological plants, e.g. involving bacteria, algae, fungi [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1684
. .
with electrolysis of water [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1687
. .
with steam generation [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/169
. .
with water treatments (treatment of water in general or water purification C02F) [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1693
. .
with storage facilities for intermediate, feed and/or product [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1696
. .
with phase separation, e.g. after condensation [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/18
.
Details of the gasification process, e.g. loops, autothermal operation [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/1807
. .
Recycle loops, e.g. gas, solids, heating medium, water [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1815
. . .
for carbon dioxide [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1823
. . .
for synthesis gas [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/183
. .
Non-continuous or semi-continuous processes (cyclic processes in fixed bed gasification C10J 3/04) [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1838
. .
Autothermal gasification by injection of oxygen or steam [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1846
. .
Partial oxidation, i.e. injection of air or oxygen only [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1853
. .
Steam reforming, i.e. injection of steam only [2013‑01]
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C10J 2300/1861
. .
Heat exchange between at least two process streams [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1869
. . .
with one stream being air, oxygen or ozone [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1876
. . .
with one stream being combustion gas [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1884
. . .
with one stream being synthesis gas [2013‑01]
C10J 2300/1892
. . .
with one stream being water/steam [2013‑01]
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Last Modified: 10/10/2013