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Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC)



CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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B29C 49/00
Blow-moulding, i.e. blowing a preform or parison to a desired shape within a mould; Apparatus therefor
{
(extrusion moulding of tubular films B29C 47/0026; enlarging tube ends using pressure difference B29C 57/08)
}
B29C 49/0005
.
{
characterised by the choice of material
}
NOTE
-

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B29C 49/0015
.
{
for making articles of indefinite length, e.g. corrugated tubes
}
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B29C 49/0021
. .
{
using moulds or mould parts movable in a closed path, e.g. mounted on movable endless supports
}
B29C 49/0026
. . .
{
using independent mould parts, i.e. the mould parts not being interconnected, e.g. for speeding up the transfer of the moulds to the beginning of the moulding area
}
B29C 49/0031
.
{
for making articles having hollow walls
}
B29C 49/0042
.
{
without using a mould
}
B29C 49/0047
.
{
Sheet blow-moulding, i.e. using at least two parallel sheets or a folded sheet as a preform
}
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B29C 49/0073
.
{
characterised by the parison configuration, e.g. nestable (B29C 49/22 takes precedence)
}
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B29C 49/0078
. .
{
Parisons having internal or external ribs
}
B29C 49/0084
. . .
{
the internal ribs being connected to the opposite wall, e.g. forming an internal separating wall
}
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B29C 49/02
.
Combined blow-moulding and manufacture of the preform or the parison
B29C 49/022
. .
{
the parison being partly injected and partly extruded
}
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B29C 49/04
. .
Extrusion blow-moulding
B29C 49/041
. . .
{
using an accumulator head
}
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B29C 49/06
. .
Injection blow-moulding
{
(introducing a fluid into the interior of the injected material which is still in a molten state B29C 45/1704)
}
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B29C 49/061
. . .
{
with parison holding means displaceable between injection and blow stations
}
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B29C 49/062
. . . .
{
following an arcuate path, e.g. rotary or oscillating-type
}
B29C 49/063
. . . . .
{
with the parison axis held in the plane of rotation
}
B29C 49/064
. . . .
{
following a rectilinear path, e.g. shuttle-type
}
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B29C 49/08
.
Biaxial stretching during blow-moulding
{
with or without prestretching
}
B29C 49/085
. .
{
without prestretching
}
Collapse
B29C 49/10
. .
using mechanical means
{
for prestretching
}
B29C 49/12
. . .
Stretching rods
B29C 49/14
. . .
Clamps
B29C 49/16
. .
using pressure difference
{
for prestretching
}
, e.g. pre-blowing
{
(B29C 49/649 takes precedence)
}
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B29C 49/18
.
using several blowing steps (B29C 49/16 takes precedence)
B29C 49/185
. .
{
in different mould cavities
}
B29C 49/20
.
of articles having inserts or reinforcements;
{
Handling of inserts or reinforcements
}
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B29C 49/22
.
using multilayered preforms or parisons
B29C 49/221
. .
{
at least one layer being injected (injection moulding of multilayered parisons B29C 45/1643, B29C 45/1646)
}
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B29C 49/24
.
Lining or labelling
B29C 49/2408
. .
{
Inserting labels or films into blow-moulds, e.g. in-mould-labellers
}
B29C 49/26
. .
inner lining of tubes
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B29C 49/28
.
Blow-moulding apparatus
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B29C 49/30
. .
having movable moulds or mould parts
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B29C 49/32
. . .
moving "to and fro"
B29C 49/34
. . . .
the mould parts moving "hand-over-hand"
B29C 49/36
. . .
rotatable about one axis
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B29C 49/38
. . .
mounted on movable endless supports
{
(B29C 49/0021 takes precedence)
}
B29C 49/40
. . . .
on co-operating drums
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B29C 49/42
.
Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
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B29C 49/4205
. .
{
Handling means, e.g. transfer, loading or discharging means (handling of inserts or reinforcements B29C 49/20; handling of labels B29C 49/2408)
}
B29C 49/421
. . .
{
for blown articles
}
B29C 49/4215
. . .
{
for increasing the space between preforms, e.g. in order to perform the blow moulding step
}
B29C 49/4236
. .
{
Drive means
}
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B29C 49/4242
. .
{
Means for deforming the parison prior to the blowing operation (49/08 takes precedence)
}
B29C 49/4247
. . .
{
Spreading or extending means
}
B29C 49/4252
. .
{
Auxiliary operations prior to the blow moulding operation, e.g. cutting (B29C 49/64, B29C 49/76, B29C 49/78 take precedence)
}
B29C 49/4268
. .
{
Auxiliary operations during the blow moulding operation (B29C 49/64, B29C 49/76, B29C 49/78 take precedence)
}
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B29C 49/4273
. .
{
Auxiliary operations after the blow moulding operation (B29C 49/64, B29C 49/70, B29C 49/72, B29C 49/76, B29C 49/78 take precedence)
}
B29C 49/4278
. . .
{
Cutting, rearranging and joining the cut parts
}
B29C 49/4284
. .
{
Means for recycling or reusing auxiliaries or materials, e.g. blowing fluids or energy
}
B29C 49/4289
. .
{
Valve constructions or configurations, e.g. arranged to reduce blowing fluid consumption
}
B29C 49/44
. .
for applying pressure through the walls of an inflated bag
B29C 49/46
. .
characterised by using a particular environment or blow fluids other than air
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B29C 49/48
. .
Moulds
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B29C 49/4802
. . .
{
with means for locally compressing part(s) of the parison in the main blowing cavity
}
B29C 49/4815
. . . .
{
by means of movable mould parts
}
B29C 49/4817
. . .
{
with means for closing off parison ends
}
B29C 49/482
. . .
{
with means for moulding parts of the parisons in an auxiliary cavity, e.g. moulding a handle
}
B29C 49/4823
. . .
{
with incorporated heating or cooling means
}
B29C 49/50
. . .
having cutting or deflashing means
B29C 49/52
. . .
having decorating or printing means
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B29C 49/54
. . .
for undercut articles
B29C 49/541
. . . .
{
having a recessed undersurface
}
B29C 49/56
. .
Opening, closing or clamping means
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B29C 49/58
. .
Blowing means
{
(B29C 45/1734 takes precedence)
}
B29C 49/60
. . .
Blow-needles
B29C 49/62
. .
Venting means
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B29C 49/64
. .
Heating or cooling preforms, parisons or blown articles
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B29C 49/6409
. . .
{
Thermal conditioning of preforms (B29C 49/68 takes precedence)
}
B29C 49/6418
. . . .
[N. by reheating cold preforms in a single stage (B29C 49/6436 takes precedence)]
B29C 49/6427
. . . .
{
by cooling hot or molten preforms in a single stage (B29C 49/6436 takes precedence)
}
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B29C 49/6436
. . . .
{
producing a temperature differential
}
B29C 49/6445
. . . . .
{
through the preform length
}
B29C 49/6454
. . . . .
[N. along the preform thickness]
B29C 49/6463
. . . .
{
Mandrels or cores specially adapted for heating or cooling preforms
}
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B29C 49/6472
. . .
{
in several stages (B29C 49/6409 takes precedence)
}
B29C 49/6481
. . . .
{
using several mould cavities for each article
}
B29C 49/649
. . . .
{
at least one stage being a heating stage used for shrinking of a preform prior to a subsequent blowing stage
}
B29C 49/66
. . .
Cooling by refrigerant introduced into the blown article
B29C 49/68
. . .
Ovens specially adapted for heating preforms or parisons
B29C 49/70
. .
Removing or ejecting blown articles from the mould
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B29C 49/72
. .
Deflashing outside the mould
B29C 49/74
. . .
Deflashing the neck portion
B29C 49/76
. .
Neck calibration
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B29C 49/78
. .
Measuring, controlling or regulating
B29C 49/783
. . .
{
the blowing pressure
}
B29C 49/786
. . .
{
the temperature
}
B29C 49/80
. . .
Testing, e.g. for leaks
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B29C 51/00
Shaping by thermoforming,
{
i.e. shaping sheets or sheet like preforms after heating
}
, e.g. shaping sheets in matched moulds or by deep-drawing; Apparatus therefor
{
(blow moulding of tubular preforms B29C 49/00, deforming of tubular or hollow preforms B29C 67/0014)
}
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B29C 51/002
.
{
characterised by the choice of material
}
NOTE
-

B29C 51/004
. .
{
Textile or other fibrous material made from plastics fibres (combined with plastic layers B29C 51/145; compression moulding of reinforced plastic articles in matched moulds B29C 70/46; using pressure difference B29C 70/44)
}
B29C 51/006
.
{
for making articles having hollow walls
}
B29C 51/008
.
{
without using a mould, e.g. ballooning (as prestretching step 51/06)
}
B29C 51/02
.
Combined thermoforming and manufacture of the preform
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B29C 51/04
.
Combined thermoforming and prestretching, e.g. biaxial stretching
B29C 51/06
. .
using pressure difference
{
for prestretching
}
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B29C 51/08
.
Deep drawing or matched-mould forming, i.e. using mechanical means only
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B29C 51/082
. .
{
by shaping between complementary mould parts
}
B29C 51/085
. . .
{
with at least one of the shaping surfaces being made of resilien material, e.g. rubber
}
B29C 51/087
. . .
{
with at least one of the mould parts comprising independently movable sections (B29C 51/32 and B29C 51/34 take precedence)
}
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B29C 51/10
.
Forming by pressure difference, e.g. vacuum
B29C 51/105
. .
{
Twin sheet thermoforming, i.e. deforming two parallel opposing sheets or foils at the same time by using one common mould cavity and without welding them together during thermoforming (B29C 51/267, B29C 49/0047 take precedence)
}
B29C 51/12
.
of articles having inserts or reinforcements
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B29C 51/14
.
using multilayered preforms or sheets
B29C 51/145
. .
{
having at least one layer of textile or fibrous material combined with at least one plastics layer
}
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B29C 51/16
.
Lining or labelling
B29C 51/162
. .
{
of deep containers or boxes
}
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B29C 51/165
. .
{
combined with the feeding or the shaping of the lining or the labels (by injection moulding B29C 45/14008, B29C 45/1418)
}
B29C 51/167
. . .
{
of a continuous strip
}
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B29C 51/18
.
Thermoforming apparatus
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B29C 51/20
. .
having movable moulds or mould parts
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B29C 51/22
. . .
rotatable about an axis
B29C 51/225
. . . .
{
mounted on a vacuum drum (for surface shaping B29C 59/06)
}
B29C 51/24
. . .
mounted on movable endless supports
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B29C 51/26
.
Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
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B29C 51/261
. .
{
Handling means, e.g. transfer means, feeding means (B29C 51/44 takes precedence)
}
B29C 51/262
. . .
{
Clamping means for the sheets, e.g. clamping frames
}
B29C 51/263
. .
{
characterised by using a particular environment, e.g. sterile
}
B29C 51/264
. .
{
Auxiliary operations prior to the thermoforming operation, e.g. cutting (B29C 51/42, B29C 51/46 take precedence)
}
B29C 51/265
. .
{
Auxiliary operations during the thermoforming operation (B29C 51/42, B29C 51/46 take precedence)
}
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B29C 51/266
. .
{
Auxiliary operations after the thermoforming operation (B29C 51/42, B29C 51/44, B29C 51/46 take precedence)
}
B29C 51/267
. . .
{
Two sheets being thermoformed in separate mould parts and joined together while still in the mould (B29C 49/0047 takes precedence)
}
B29C 51/268
. . .
{
Cutting, rearranging and joining the cut parts
}
B29C 51/28
. .
for applying pressure through the wall of an inflated bag or diaphragm
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B29C 51/30
. .
Moulds
B29C 51/303
. . .
{
with sealing means or the like
}
B29C 51/306
. . .
{
with means for forming a rim (combined with cutting B29C 51/325; rim rolling per se B29C 53/34)
}
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B29C 51/32
. . .
having cutting means
B29C 51/325
. . . .
{
combined with means for forming a rim
}
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B29C 51/34
. . .
for undercut articles
B29C 51/343
. . . .
{
having recessed undersurfaces
}
B29C 51/346
. . . .
{
specially adapted to facilitate the destacking of nestable containers
}
Collapse
B29C 51/36
. . .
specially adapted for vacuum forming
{
, Manufacture thereof
}
B29C 51/365
. . . .
{
Porous moulds
}
B29C 51/38
. . .
Opening, closing or clamping means
B29C 51/40
. . .
Venting means
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B29C 51/42
. .
Heating or cooling
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B29C 51/421
. . .
{
of preforms, specially adapted for thermoforming (preheating sheets in general B29B 13/023; B29C 51/427 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 51/422
. . . .
{
to produce a temperature differential (B29C 51/426 takes precedence)
}
B29C 51/423
. . . . .
{
through the thickness of the preform
}
B29C 51/424
. . . .
{
using a heated fluid
}
B29C 51/425
. . . .
{
using movable heating devices
}
B29C 51/426
. . .
{
Producing specific thermal regimes during thermoforming to obtain particular properties
}
B29C 51/427
. . .
{
Cooling of the material with a fluid blast
}
B29C 51/428
. . .
{
of moulds or mould parts
}
Collapse
B29C 51/44
. .
Removing or ejecting moulded articles
B29C 51/445
. . .
{
from a support after moulding, e.g. by cutting
}
B29C 51/46
. .
Measuring, controlling or regulating
Collapse
B29C 53/00
Shaping by bending, folding, twisting, straightening or flattening; Apparatus therefor (B29C 61/10 takes precedence)
B29C 53/005
.
{
characterised by the choice of material (B29C53/36B and B29C 53/56 take precedence)
}
NOTE
-

Collapse
B29C 53/02
.
Bending or folding (B29C 53/22, B29C 53/34, B29C 53/36, B29C 53/56 take precedence)
B29C 53/025
. .
{
using a folding bag
}
Collapse
B29C 53/04
. .
of plates or sheets
{
(B29C 63/04 takes precedence; bending or folding paper B31F 1/0003; folding films B65H 45/00)
}
B29C 53/043
. . .
{
using rolls or endless belts
}
B29C 53/046
. . .
{
using centrifugal force
}
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B29C 53/06
. . .
Forming folding lines by pressing or scoring
Collapse
B29C 53/063
. . . .
{
combined with folding
}
B29C 53/066
. . . . .
{
and joining the sides of the folding line, e.g. "Abkantschweissen"
}
Collapse
B29C 53/08
. .
of tubes
{
or other profiled members
}
B29C 53/083
. . .
{
bending longitudinally, i.e. modifying the curvature of the tube axis
}
B29C 53/086
. . .
{
bending radially, i.e. deformig the cross-section of the tube
}
B29C 53/10
. .
of blown tubular films, e.g. gusseting
{
(flattening blown films during extrusion moulding B29C 47/0009)
}
B29C 53/12
. .
helically, e.g. for making springs
{
(for textile fibres D02G 1/00)
}
B29C 53/14
.
Twisting
{
(for textile fibres D01H)
}
Collapse
B29C 53/16
.
Straightening or flattening
B29C 53/18
. .
of plates or sheets
B29C 53/20
. .
of tubes
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B29C 53/22
.
Corrugating
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B29C 53/24
. .
of plates or sheets
Collapse
B29C 53/26
. . .
parallel with direction of feed
B29C 53/265
. . . .
{
using rolls or endless bands
}
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B29C 53/28
. . .
transverse to direction of feed
B29C 53/285
. . . .
{
using rolls or endless bands
}
Collapse
B29C 53/30
. .
of tubes (by blow-moulding B29C 49/00)
B29C 53/305
. . .
{
using a cording process
}
B29C 53/32
.
Coiling (B29C 53/56 takes precedence)
B29C 53/34
.
Rim rolling (of tube ends B29C 57/12)
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B29C 53/36
.
Bending and joining, e.g. for making hollow articles (B29C 53/56 takes precedence; from paper B31C,
{
B31F
}
)
Collapse
B29C 53/38
. .
by bending sheets or strips at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the article being formed and joining the edges
B29C 53/382
. . .
{
using laminated sheets
}
B29C 53/385
. . .
{
using several sheets to form the circumference
}
B29C 53/387
. . .
{
the joining being done from the inside
}
Collapse
B29C 53/40
. . .
for articles of definite length, i.e. discrete articles
Collapse
B29C 53/42
. . . .
using internal forming surfaces, e.g. mandrels
B29C 53/44
. . . . .
rotatable about the axis of the article
B29C 53/46
. . . .
using external forming surfaces, e.g. sleeves
Collapse
B29C 53/48
. . .
for articles of indefinite length, i.e. bending a strip progressively
B29C 53/50
. . . .
using internal forming surfaces, e.g. mandrels
B29C 53/52
. . . .
using external forming surfaces, e.g. sleeves
B29C 53/54
. . . .
Guiding, aligning or shaping edges
Collapse
B29C 53/56
.
Winding and joining, e.g. winding spirally
{
winding in general B65H
}
B29C 53/562
. .
{
spirally
}
B29C 53/564
. .
{
for making non-tubular articles (for winding of reinforced articles having a non-circular cross-section followed by compression B29C 70/347)
}
B29C 53/566
. .
{
for making tubular articles followed by compression
}
B29C 53/568
. .
{
without using a forming surface
}
Collapse
B29C 53/58
. .
helically
Collapse
B29C 53/581
. . .
{
using sheets or strips consisting principally of plastics material (using profiled sheets or strips B29C 53/78)
}
B29C 53/582
. . . .
{
comprising reinforcements, e.g. wires, threads
}
Collapse
B29C 53/583
. . .
{
for making tubular articles with particular features
}
B29C 53/584
. . . .
{
having a non-circular cross-section
}
Collapse
B29C 53/585
. . . .
{
the cross-section varying along their axis, e.g. tapered, with ribs, or threads, with socket-ends
}
B29C 53/586
. . . . .
{
having corrugations
}
B29C 53/587
. . . .
{
having a non-uniform wall-structure, e.g. with inserts, perforations, locally concentrated reinforcements
}
B29C 53/588
. . . .
{
having a non-linear axis e.g. elbows, toroids
}
Collapse
B29C 53/60
. . .
using internal forming surfaces, e.g. mandrels
Collapse
B29C 53/602
. . . .
{
for tubular articles having closed or nearly closed ends, e.g. vessels, tanks, containers
}
B29C 53/605
. . . . .
{
by polar winding
}
B29C 53/607
. . . .
{
having driving means for advancing the wound articles, e.g. belts, rolls (B29C 53/74 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 53/62
. . . .
rotatable about the winding axis
B29C 53/64
. . . . .
and moving axially
Collapse
B29C 53/66
. . . . .
with axially movable winding feed member
{
e.g. lathe type winding
}
B29C 53/665
. . . . . .
{
Coordinating the movements of the winding feed member and the mandrel
}
Collapse
B29C 53/68
. . . .
with rotatable winding feed member
B29C 53/70
. . . . .
and moving axially
B29C 53/72
. . .
using external forming surfaces
B29C 53/74
. . .
using a forming surface inthe shape of an endless belt which is recycled after the forming operation
B29C 53/76
. . .
about more than one axis,
{
e.g. T-pieces, balls
}
Collapse
B29C 53/78
. . .
using profiled sheets or strips
B29C 53/785
. . . .
{
with reinforcements
}
Collapse
B29C 53/80
.
Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
Collapse
B29C 53/8008
. .
{
specially adapted for winding and joining
}
B29C 53/8016
. . .
{
Storing, feeding or applying winding materials, e.g. reels, thread guides, tensioners
}
B29C 53/8041
. . .
{
Measuring, controlling or regulating (B29C 53/665 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 53/805
. . .
{
Applying axial reinforcements
}
B29C 53/8058
. . . .
{
continuously
}
Collapse
B29C 53/8066
. . .
{
Impregnating (impregnating as pretreatment B29B 15/10)
}
B29C 53/8075
. . . .
{
on the forming surfaces
}
B29C 53/8083
. . .
{
Improving bonding of wound materials or layers
}
B29C 53/8091
. . .
{
Cutting the ends, surface finishing
}
Collapse
B29C 53/82
. .
Cores or mandrels
Collapse
B29C 53/821
. . .
{
Mandrels especially adapted for winding and joining
}
B29C 53/822
. . . .
{
Single use mandrels, e.g. destructible, becoming part of the wound articles (B29C 53/825 takes precedence)
}
B29C 53/824
. . . .
{
collapsible, e.g. elastic or inflatable; with removable parts, e.g. for regular shaped, straight tubular articles (B29C 53/825 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 53/825
. . . .
{
for continuous winding
}
B29C 53/827
. . . . .
{
formed by several elements rotating about their own axes
}
B29C 53/828
. . . .
{
Arrangements comprising a plurality of cores or mandrels, e.g. to increase production speed (B29C 53/827 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 53/84
. .
Heating or cooling
B29C 53/845
. . .
{
especially adapted for winding and joining
}
Collapse
B29C 55/00
Shaping by stretching, e.g. drawing through a die; Apparatus therefor (B29C 61/08 takes precedence)
B29C 55/005
.
{
characterised by the choice of materials
}
NOTE
-

Collapse
B29C 55/02
.
of plates or sheets
Collapse
B29C 55/023
. .
{
using multilayered plates or sheets
}
B29C 55/026
. . .
{
of preformed plates or sheets coated with a solution, a dispersion or a melt of thermoplastic material
}
Collapse
B29C 55/04
. .
uniaxial, e.g. oblique
B29C 55/045
. . .
{
in a direction which is not parallel or transverse to the direction of feed e.g. oblique
}
Collapse
B29C 55/06
. . .
parallel with the direction of feed
B29C 55/065
. . . .
{
in several stretching steps
}
Collapse
B29C 55/08
. . .
transverse to the direction of feed
B29C 55/085
. . . .
{
in several stretching steps
}
Collapse
B29C 55/10
. .
multiaxial
Collapse
B29C 55/12
. . .
biaxial
Collapse
B29C 55/14
. . . .
successively
B29C 55/143
. . . . .
{
firstly parallel to the direction of feed and then transversely thereto
}
B29C 55/146
. . . . .
{
firstly transversely to the direction of feed and then parallel thereto
}
Collapse
B29C 55/16
. . . .
simultaneously
B29C 55/165
. . . . .
{
Apparatus therefor
}
B29C 55/18
. .
by squeezing between surfaces, e.g. rollers
B29C 55/20
. .
Edge clamps
Collapse
B29C 55/22
.
of tubes
{
(B29C 61/08 takes precedence)
}
B29C 55/24
. .
radial
B29C 55/26
. .
biaxial
Collapse
B29C 55/28
.
of blown tubular films, e.g. by inflation
{
(extrusion moulding of tubular films B29C 47/0009)
}
B29C 55/285
. .
{
by using internal mechanical means
}
B29C 55/30
.
Drawing through a die
{
(pultrusion B29C 70/52)
}
Collapse
B29C 57/00
Shaping of tube ends, e.g. flanging, belling, closing; Apparatus therefor,
{
e.g. collapsible mandrels
}
B29C 57/005
.
{
the end of an internal lining (fixing the end of the lining B29C 63/346)
}
Collapse
B29C 57/02
.
Belling or enlarging, e.g. combined with forming a groove
B29C 57/025
. .
{
combined with the introduction of a sealing ring, e.g. using the sealing element as forming element
}
Collapse
B29C 57/04
. .
using mechanical means
{
(B29C 57/025 takes precedence)
}
B29C 57/045
. . .
{
rotating
}
B29C 57/06
. . .
elastically deformable
B29C 57/08
. .
using pressure difference
B29C 57/10
.
Closing
Collapse
B29C 57/12
.
Rim rolling
B29C 57/125
. .
{
using tools with helical grooves
}
Collapse
B29C 59/00
Surface shaping
{
of articles
}
e.g. embossing; Apparatus therefor
{
(in-mould printing B29C 37/0025; by using liquids B29C 71/0009; by using gases without chemical reaction B29C 71/009; for decorating in general B44; abrasive blasting B24C; chemical aspects C08J 7/00)
}
B29C 59/002
.
{
Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
}
B29C 59/005
.
{
characterised by the choice of material
}
NOTE
-
Documents in which moulding materials are mentioned are indexed using indexing codes of subclass L29C. However, when, for example, documents concerning the choice of moulding material having a particular influence on the moulding technique cannot be satisfactorily indexed, the documents may be classified in this group if of interest

B29C 59/007
.
{
Forming single grooves or ribs, e.g. tear lines, weak spots (by moulding B29C 37/0057; folding lines B29C 53/06; in metal articles B21D 17/00; by cutting B26D 3/08)
}
Collapse
B29C 59/02
.
by mechanical means, e.g. pressing
{
(B29C 59/007 takes precedence; embossing expanded porous articles B29C 44/5627)
}
B29C 59/021
. .
{
of profiled articles, e.g. hollow or tubular articles, beams
}
Collapse
B29C 59/022
. .
{
characterised by the disposition or the configuration, e.g. dimensions, of the embossments or the shaping tools therefor
}
B29C 59/025
. . .
{
Fibrous surfaces with piles or similar fibres substantially perpendicular to the surface
}
B29C 59/026
. .
{
of layered or coated substantially flat surfaces
}
Collapse
B29C 59/04
. .
using rollers or endless belts
B29C 59/043
. . .
{
for profiled articles
}
B29C 59/046
. . .
{
for layered or coated substantially flat surfaces
}
B29C 59/06
. .
using vacuum drums
{
(for thermoforming B29C 51/225)
}
Collapse
B29C 59/08
.
by flame treatment;
{
using hot gases
}
B29C 59/085
. .
{
of profiled articles e.g. hollow or tubular articles
}
Collapse
B29C 59/10
.
by electric discharge treatment (electrodes H01T)
B29C 59/103
. .
{
of profiled articles, e.g. hollow or tubular articles
}
B29C 59/106
. .
{
the electrodes being placed on the same side of the material to be treated
}
B29C 59/12
. .
in an environment other than air
Collapse
B29C 59/14
.
by plasma treatment (in general H05H)
{
(plasma tubes per se H01J)
}
B29C 59/142
. .
{
of profiled articles, e.g. hollow or tubular articles
}
Collapse
B29C 59/16
.
by wave energy or particle radiation,
{
e.g. infra-red heating (B29C 59/007 takes precedence)
}
B29C 59/165
. .
{
of profiled articles e.g. hollow or tubular articles
}
B29C 59/18
.
by liberation of internal stresses, e.g. plastic memory
Collapse
B29C 61/00
Shaping by liberation of internal stresses; Making preforms having internal stresses; Apparatus therefor (for surface shaping B29C 59/18; for lining articles B29C 63/38; for joining preformed parts B29C 65/66)
{
(for packaging B65B 53/00; connecting arrangements or other fittings for plastics pipes using shrink-down material F16L 47/22, electrical connections insulated using heat shrinking insulating sleeves H01R 4/72; cable junctions protected by sleeves H02G 15/18)
}
B29C 61/003
.
{
characterised by the choice of material
}
NOTE
-

B29C 61/006
.
{
the force created by the liberation of the internal stresses being used for compression moulding or for pressing preformed material
}
Collapse
B29C 61/02
.
Thermal shrinking
B29C 61/025
. .
{
for the production of hollow or tubular articles
}
B29C 61/04
.
Thermal expansion
Collapse
B29C 61/06
.
Making preforms having internal stresses, e.g. plastic memory
Collapse
B29C 61/0608
. .
{
characterised by the configuration or structure of the preforms
}
B29C 61/0616
. . .
{
layered or partially layered preforms, e.g. preforms with layers of adhesive or sealing compositions (B29C 61/0625 and B29C 61/065 take precedence)
}
B29C 61/0625
. . .
{
Preforms comprising incorporated or associated heating means
}
B29C 61/0633
. . .
{
Preforms comprising reinforcing elements (B29C 61/0625 takes precedence)
}
B29C 61/0641
. . .
{
Clips for dividing preforms or forming branch-offs (clips in general F16B 2/20)
}
B29C 61/065
. . .
{
Preforms held in a stressed condition by means of a removable support; Supports therefor
}
B29C 61/0658
. . .
{
consisting of fibrous plastics material, e.g. woven
}
B29C 61/0666
. . .
{
comprising means indicating that the shrinking temperature is reached
}
B29C 61/08
. .
by stretching tubes
{
(in general B29C 55/22, B29C 55/28)
}
B29C 61/10
. .
by bending plates or sheets
{
in generalB29C 53/36
}
Collapse
B29C 63/00
Lining or sheathing, i.e. applying preformed layers or sheating of plastics; Apparatus therefor (B29C 73/00 takes precedence; by blowing B29C 49/00; by thermoforming B29C 51/00)
Collapse
B29C 63/0004
.
{
Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
}
B29C 63/0013
. .
{
Removing old coatings
}
Collapse
B29C 63/0017
.
{
characterised by the choice of the material
}
NOTE
-

B29C 63/0021
. .
{
with coherent impregnated reinforcing layers
}
Collapse
B29C 63/0026
.
{
an edge face with strip material, e.g. a panel edge (securing a veneer strip to a panel edge B27D 5/003)
}
B29C 63/003
. .
{
continuously
}
Collapse
B29C 63/0034
. .
{
the strip material being folded
}
B29C 63/0039
. . .
{
continuously
}
B29C 63/0043
.
{
Fixing the layers by electrostatic charges, by the use of structured surfaces or by mechanical means
}
B29C 63/0047
.
{
Preventing air-inclusions
}
B29C 63/0052
.
{
Testing, e.g. testing for the presence of pinholes
}
B29C 63/0056
.
{
Provisional sheathings
}
Collapse
B29C 63/0065
.
{
Heat treatment
}
B29C 63/0069
. .
{
of tubular articles
}
Collapse
B29C 63/0073
.
{
of non-flat surfaces e.g. curved, profiled (B29C 63/042 takes precedence)
}
B29C 63/0078
. .
{
having local protrusions e.g. rivet heads
}
Collapse
B29C 63/0082
.
{
Finishing the edges of holes or perforations in the lined product
}
B29C 63/0086
. .
{
and removing the portion of the lining covering the holes
}
B29C 63/0091
.
{
in particular atmospheres
}
B29C 63/0095
.
{
using a provisional carrier
}
Collapse
B29C 63/02
.
using sheet or web-like material (B29C 63/26
{
and B29C 63/38
}
take precedence)
B29C 63/024
. .
{
the sheet or web-like material being supported by a moving carriage
}
B29C 63/025
. .
{
applied by a die matching with the profile of the surface of resilient articles, e.g. cushions, seat pads
}
Collapse
B29C 63/04
. .
by folding, winding, bending or the like
B29C 63/042
. . .
{
of L- or Z- shaped surfaces, e.g. for counter-tops
}
B29C 63/044
. . .
{
continuously (B29C 63/065, B29C 63/105 take precedence)
}
B29C 63/046
. . .
{
using a folding shoulder
}
B29C 63/048
. . .
{
specially adapted for articles having local protrusions, e.g. tubes having a bead weld
}
Collapse
B29C 63/06
. . .
around tubular articles
B29C 63/065
. . . .
{
continuously
}
Collapse
B29C 63/08
. . .
by winding helically
Collapse
B29C 63/10
. . . .
around tubular articles
B29C 63/105
. . . . .
{
continuously
}
Collapse
B29C 63/12
. . .
by winding spirally
Collapse
B29C 63/14
. . . .
around tubular articles
B29C 63/145
. . . . .
{
the tubular articles being mounted on transfer means
}
B29C 63/16
. .
applied by "rubber" bag or diaphragm
Collapse
B29C 63/18
.
using tubular layers or sheathings (B29C 63/26
{
and B29C 63/38
}
take precedence;
{
placing tubular labels around rigid containers B65C 3/065
}
)
B29C 63/182
. .
{
applied by a "rubber" bag or diaphragm
}
B29C 63/185
. .
{
by turning inside-out or by derolling
}
B29C 63/187
. .
{
by removing a shirred or pleated hose from a support
}
B29C 63/20
. .
using pressure difference, e.g. vacuum
B29C 63/22
.
using layers or sheathings having a shape adapted to the shape of the article (B29C 63/26
{
and B29C 63/38
}
take precedence)
B29C 63/24
.
using threads
Collapse
B29C 63/26
.
Lining or sheathing of internal surfaces(B29C 63/38 takes precedence)
B29C 63/28
. .
applied by "rubber" bag or diaphragm
Collapse
B29C 63/30
. .
using sheet or web-like material
B29C 63/32
. . .
by winding helically
Collapse
B29C 63/34
. .
using tubular layers or sheathings
B29C 63/341
. . .
{
pressed against the wall by mechanical means
}
B29C 63/343
. . .
{
the tubular sheathing having a deformed non-circular cross-section prior to introduction
}
B29C 63/345
. . .
{
whilst rotating the article
}
B29C 63/346
. . .
{
Fixing the end of the lining (shaping tube ends B29C 57/005)
}
B29C 63/36
. . .
being turned inside out
{
(for platic tubes in general B29C 67/0018)
}
Collapse
B29C 63/38
.
by liberation of internal stresses
B29C 63/40
. .
using sheet or web-like material
Collapse
B29C 63/42
. .
using tubular layers or sheathings
Collapse
B29C 63/423
. . .
{
specially applied to the mass-production of externally coated articles, e.g. bottles
}
B29C 63/426
. . . .
{
in combination with the in situ shaping of the external tubular layer
}
B29C 63/44
. .
the shape of the layers or sheathings being adapted to the shape of the articles
B29C 63/46
. .
of internal surfaces
Collapse
B29C 63/48
.
Preparation of the surfaces
B29C 63/481
. .
{
mechanically
}
B29C 63/486
. .
{
of metal surfaces (B29C 63/481 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/00
Joining
{
or sealing
}
of preformed parts,
{
e.g. welding of plastics materials
}
; Apparatus therefor (
{
general aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts B29C 66/00; using porous material formed by internal pressure generated therein for joining preformed parts B29C 44/1228, B29C 44/326;
}
for making boxes, cartons, envelopes or bags B31B; for sealing or securing package folds or closures B65B 51/00; joining constructional elements in general F16B; splicing of light guides G02B 6/255)
WARNING
-
B29C 65/00 to B29C 65/70 are not complete, mainly for documents published before the year 1995, pending reclassification; see also B29C 65/74 and its subgroups

Collapse
B29C 65/002
.
{
Joining methods not otherwise provided for
}
B29C 65/004
. .
{
Cold joining
}
B29C 65/006
. .
{
Diffusion joining (measures for intermixing the material of the joint interlayer B29C 66/341)
}
B29C 65/008
. .
{
making use of electrostatic charges (holding means using electrostatic forces to hold at least one of the parts to be joined B29C 65/7852)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/02
.
by heating, with or without pressure
WARNING
-
B29C 65/02 and subgroups are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also B29C 65/48 and its subgroups

Collapse
B29C 65/022
. .
{
Particular heating or welding methods not otherwise provided for
}
B29C 65/024
. . .
{
making use of combustible material, i.e. the combustible material is in contact with the material to be joined
}
B29C 65/026
. . .
{
making use of hot liquids, i.e. the liquid is in direct contact with the material to be joined
}
B29C 65/028
. . .
{
making use of inherent heat, i.e. the heat for the joining comes from the moulding process of one of the parts to be joined
}
B29C 65/04
. .
Dielectric heating, e.g. high-frequency welding
{
i.e. radio frequency welding of plastic materials having dielectric properties, e.g. PVC
}
Collapse
B29C 65/06
. .
using friction, e.g. spin welding
{
(non-plastics elements to plastic elements B29C 65/645)
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/06 are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also this group and its subgroups

Collapse
B29C 65/0609
. . .
{
characterised by the movement of the parts to be joined (B29C 65/0672 takes precedence)
}
B29C 65/0618
. . . .
{
Linear
}
B29C 65/0627
. . . .
{
Angular, i.e. torsional (B29C 65/082 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/0636
. . . .
{
Orbital
}
B29C 65/0645
. . . . .
{
Circular
}
B29C 65/0654
. . . . .
{
Elliptical
}
B29C 65/0663
. . . . .
{
Other specific orbital movements not provided for in B29C 65/0645 to B29C 65/0654, e.g. Lissajous
}
B29C 65/0672
. . .
{
Spin welding
}
B29C 65/0681
. . .
{
created by a tool
}
B29C 65/069
. . .
{
the welding tool cooperating with specially formed features of at least one of the parts to be joined, e.g. cooperating with holes or ribs of at least one of the parts to be joined
}
Collapse
B29C 65/08
. .
using ultrasonic vibrations
{
(non-plastics element to plastics elements B29C 65/645)
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/08 are not complete pending reclassification; see also this group and its other subgroups

Collapse
B29C 65/081
. . .
{
having a component of vibration not perpendicular to the welding surface
}
B29C 65/082
. . . .
{
Angular, i.e. torsional ultrasonic welding
}
Collapse
B29C 65/083
. . .
{
using a rotary sonotrode or a rotary anvil
}
B29C 65/085
. . . .
{
using a rotary sonotrode
}
B29C 65/086
. . . .
{
using a rotary anvil
}
B29C 65/087
. . . .
{
using both a rotary sonotrode and a rotary anvil
}
B29C 65/088
. . .
{
using several cooperating sonotrodes, i.e. interacting with each other, e.g. for realising the same joint
}
Collapse
B29C 65/10
. .
using hot gases
{
(e.g. combustion gases) or flames coming in contact with at least one of the parts to be joined
}
B29C 65/103
. . .
{
direct heating both surfaces to be joined
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/10 and B29C 65/10B

B29C 65/106
. . .
{
using flames coming in contact with at least one of the parts to be joined
}
Collapse
B29C 65/12
. . .
and welding bar
B29C 65/125
. . . .
{
characterised by the composition of the welding bar
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/12

Collapse
B29C 65/14
. .
using wave energy
{
, i.e. electromagnetic radiation,
}
or particle radiation
{
(using mechanical waves B29C 65/06; using ultrasonic waves B29C 65/08; pressing means transparent to electromagnetic radiation B29C 66/81267)
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/1403 to B29C 65/1496 are not complete pending a reorganisation; see also this group and its subgroups

Collapse
B29C 65/1403
. . .
{
characterised by the type of electromagnetic or particle radiation (B29C 65/1603 takes precedence)
}
B29C 65/1406
. . . .
{
Ultraviolet [UV
}
radiation]
B29C 65/1409
. . . .
{
Visible light radiation
}
Collapse
B29C 65/1412
. . . .
{
Infrared [IR
}
radiation]
B29C 65/1416
. . . . .
{
Near-infrared radiation [NIR
}
]
B29C 65/1419
. . . . .
{
Mid-infrared radiation [MIR
}
]
B29C 65/1422
. . . . .
{
Far-infrared radiation [FIR
}
]
B29C 65/1425
. . . .
{
Micro-wave radiation
}
Collapse
B29C 65/1429
. . .
{
characterised by the way of heating the interface (B29C 65/1629 takes precedence)
}
B29C 65/1432
. . . .
{
direct heating of the surfaces to be joined
}
Collapse
B29C 65/1435
. . . .
{
at least passing through one of the parts to be joined, i.e. transmission welding
}
B29C 65/1438
. . . . .
{
focusing the wave energy or particle radiation on the interface
}
B29C 65/1441
. . . . .
{
making use of a reflector on the opposite side, e.g. a polished mandrel or a mirror (pressing means reflective to electromagnetic radiation B29C 66/81268)
}
B29C 65/1445
. . . .
{
heating both sides of the joint
}
Collapse
B29C 65/1448
. . . .
{
radiating the edges of the parts to be joined, e.g. for curing a layer of adhesive placed between two flat parts to be joined, e.g. for making CDs or DVDs
}
B29C 65/1451
. . . . .
{
radiating the edges of holes or perforations
}
Collapse
B29C 65/1454
. . . .
{
scanning at least one of the parts to be joined
}
B29C 65/1458
. . . . .
{
once, i.e. contour welding
}
B29C 65/1461
. . . . .
{
repeatedly, i.e. quasi-simultaneous welding
}
Collapse
B29C 65/1464
. . . .
{
making use of several radiators
}
B29C 65/1467
. . . . .
{
at the same time, i.e. simultaneous welding
}
Collapse
B29C 65/1477
. . .
{
making use of an absorber or impact modifier (B29C 65/1677 takes precedence)
}
B29C 65/148
. . . .
{
placed at the interface
}
B29C 65/1483
. . . .
{
coated on the article
}
Collapse
B29C 65/1487
. . .
{
making use of light guides (B29C 65/1687 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/149
. . . .
{
being a part of the joined article
}
B29C 65/1493
. . . . .
{
in the form of a cavity
}
B29C 65/1496
. . .
{
making use of masks (B29C 65/1696 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/16
. . .
Laser beams
WARNING
-
B29C 65/16 are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also this group and its subgroups

Collapse
B29C 65/1603
. . . .
{
characterised by the type of electromagnetic radiation
}
B29C 65/1606
. . . . .
{
Ultraviolet [UV
}
radiation, e.g. by ultraviolet excimer lasers]
B29C 65/1609
. . . . .
{
Visible light radiation, e.g. by visible light lasers
}
Collapse
B29C 65/1612
. . . . .
{
Infrared [IR
}
radiation, e.g. by infrared lasers]
B29C 65/1616
. . . . . .
{
Near infrared radiation [NIR
}
, e.g. by YAG lasers]
B29C 65/1619
. . . . . .
{
Mid infrared radiation [MIR
}
, e.g. by CO or CO2 lasers]
B29C 65/1622
. . . . . .
{
Far infrared radiation [FIR
}
, e.g. by FIR lasers]
Collapse
B29C 65/1629
. . . .
{
characterised by the way of heating the interface
}
B29C 65/1632
. . . . .
{
direct heating the surfaces to be joined
}
Collapse
B29C 65/1635
. . . . .
{
at least passing through one of the parts to be joined, i.e. laser transmission welding
}
B29C 65/1638
. . . . . .
{
focusing the laser beam on the interface
}
B29C 65/1641
. . . . . .
{
making use of a reflector on the opposite side, e.g. a polished mandrel or a mirror (pressing means reflective to electromagnetic radiation B29C 66/81268)
}
B29C 65/1645
. . . . .
{
heating both sides of the joint e.g. by using two lasers or a split beam
}
Collapse
B29C 65/1648
. . . . .
{
radiating the edges of the parts to be joined
}
B29C 65/1651
. . . . . .
{
radiating the edges of holes or perforations
}
Collapse
B29C 65/1654
. . . . .
{
scanning at least one of the parts to be joined
}
B29C 65/1658
. . . . . .
{
scanning once, e.g. contour laser welding
}
B29C 65/1661
. . . . . .
{
scanning repeatedly, e.g. quasi-simultaneous laser welding
}
Collapse
B29C 65/1664
. . . . .
{
making use of several radiators
}
Collapse
B29C 65/1667
. . . . . .
{
at the same time, i.e. simultaneous laser welding
}
B29C 65/167
. . . . . . .
{
using laser diodes
}
B29C 65/1674
. . . . .
{
making use of laser diodes (B29C 65/167 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/1677
. . . .
{
making use of an absorber or impact modifier
}
B29C 65/168
. . . . .
{
placed at the interface
}
B29C 65/1683
. . . . .
{
coated on the article
}
Collapse
B29C 65/1687
. . . .
{
making use of light guides
}
Collapse
B29C 65/169
. . . . .
{
being a part of the joined article
}
B29C 65/1693
. . . . . .
{
in the form of a cavity
}
B29C 65/1696
. . . .
{
making use of masks
}
Collapse
B29C 65/18
. .
using heated tools
Collapse
B29C 65/20
. . .
with direct contact, e.g. using "mirror"
WARNING
-
B29C 65/20 are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also this group and B29C 65/20D

Collapse
B29C 65/2007
. . . .
{
characterised by the type of welding mirror
}
B29C 65/2015
. . . . .
{
being a single welding mirror comprising several separate heating surfaces in different planes, e.g. said heating surfaces having different temperatures
}
B29C 65/2023
. . . . .
{
said welding mirror comprising several sectors
}
B29C 65/203
. . . . .
{
being several single mirrors, e.g. not mounted on the same tool
}
B29C 65/2038
. . . . .
{
being a wire
}
B29C 65/2046
. . . .
{
using a welding mirror which also cuts the parts to be joined, e.g. for sterile welding
}
Collapse
B29C 65/2053
. . . .
{
characterised by special ways of bringing the welding mirrors into position
}
Collapse
B29C 65/2061
. . . . .
{
by sliding
}
Collapse
B29C 65/2069
. . . . . .
{
with an angle with respect to the plane comprising the parts to be joined
}
B29C 65/2076
. . . . . . .
{
perpendicularly to the plane comprising the parts to be joined
}
B29C 65/2084
. . . . .
{
by pivoting
}
B29C 65/2092
. . . .
{
and involving the use of a facer
}
Collapse
B29C 65/22
. . .
Heated wire
{
resistive ribbon, resistive band or resistive strip (electrical insulating support therefor B29C 66/81871)
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/22 are not complete, pending reclassification; see also this group

Collapse
B29C 65/221
. . . .
{
characterised by the type of heated wire, resistive ribbon, band or strip (Specific electrical or thermal properties also to be classified in B29C 66/81262 or B29C 66/81261)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/222
. . . . .
{
comprising at least a single heated wire
}
B29C 65/223
. . . . . .
{
comprising several heated wires
}
B29C 65/224
. . . . .
{
being a resistive ribbon, a resistive band or a resistive strip
}
B29C 65/225
. . . . .
{
being a coating or being printed, e.g. being applied as a paint or forming a printed circuit
}
Collapse
B29C 65/226
. . . . .
{
characterised by the cross-section of said heated wire, resistive ribbon, resistive band or resistive strip, e.g. being triangular
}
B29C 65/227
. . . . . .
{
said cross-section being hollow
}
B29C 65/228
. . . .
{
characterised by the means for electrically connecting the ends of said heated wire, resistive ribbon, resistive band or resistive strip
}
B29C 65/229
. . . .
{
characterised by the means for tensioning said heated wire, resistive ribbon, resistive band or resistive strip (means for compensating for the thermal expansion of welding jaws in general B29C 66/8185)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/24
. . .
characterised by the means for heating the tool
{
(by impulse heating B29C 65/38)
}
NOTE
-
Classification is made in groups B29C 65/24 to B29C 65/32 only if the details or adaptations of the heating means are of interest.


When classifying in this group, heated tools are additionally classified in groups B29C 65/18, B29C 65/20 or B29C 65/22

B29C 65/242
. . . .
{
the heat transfer being achieved by contact, i.e. a heated tool being brought into contact with the welding tool and afterwards withdrawn from it
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/24

B29C 65/245
. . . .
{
the heat transfer being achieved contactless, e.g. by radiation (B29C 65/32 takes precedence)
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/24

B29C 65/247
. . . .
{
the heat resulting from a chemical reaction
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/24

B29C 65/26
. . . .
Hot fluid
B29C 65/28
. . . .
Flame or combustible material
Collapse
B29C 65/30
. . . .
{
Electrical means (B29C 65/38 takes precedence)
}
B29C 65/305
. . . . .
{
involving the use of cartridge heaters
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/18 to B29C 65/20H

B29C 65/32
. . . . .
Induction
Collapse
B29C 65/34
. .
using heated elements which remain in the joint, e.g. "verlorenes Schweisselement"
WARNING
-
B29C 65/3404 to B29C 65/3472 are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also B29C 65/34

Collapse
B29C 65/3404
. . .
{
characterised by the type of heated elements which remain in the joint (B29C 65/3604 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/3408
. . . .
{
comprising single particles, e.g. fillers or discontinuous fibre-reinforcements
}
B29C 65/3412
. . . . .
{
comprising fillers
}
B29C 65/3416
. . . . .
{
comprising discontinuous fibre-reinforcements
}
Collapse
B29C 65/342
. . . .
{
comprising at least a single wire, e.g. in the form of a winding
}
B29C 65/3424
. . . . .
{
said at least a single wire having the form of a coil spring
}
B29C 65/3428
. . . . .
{
said at least a single wire having a waveform, e.g. a sinusoidal form
}
B29C 65/3432
. . . . .
{
comprising several wires, e.g. in the form of several independent windings (B29C 65/3436, B29C 65/344 take precedence)
}
B29C 65/3436
. . . .
{
comprising independent continuous fibre-reinforcements
}
B29C 65/344
. . . .
{
being a woven or non-woven fabric or being a mesh
}
Collapse
B29C 65/3444
. . . .
{
being a ribbon, band or strip
}
B29C 65/3448
. . . . .
{
said ribbon, band or strip being perforated
}
B29C 65/3452
. . . . .
{
forming a sleeve, e.g. a wrap-around sleeve
}
B29C 65/3456
. . . .
{
being a layer of a multilayer part to be joined, e.g. for joining plastic-metal laminates
}
B29C 65/346
. . . .
{
being a coating or being printed, e.g. being applied as a paint or forming a printed circuit
}
B29C 65/3464
. . . .
{
characterised by the cross-section of said heated elements which remain in the joint or by the cross-section of their coating, e.g. being triangular
}
B29C 65/3468
. . .
{
characterised by the means for supplying heat to said heated elements which remain in the join, e.g. special electrical connectors of windings (B29C 65/3668 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/3472
. . .
{
characterised by the composition of the heated elements which remain in the joint (B29C 65/3672 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/3476
. . . .
{
being metallic
}
B29C 65/348
. . . . .
{
with a polymer coating
}
Collapse
B29C 65/3484
. . . .
{
being non-metallic
}
B29C 65/3488
. . . . .
{
being an electrically conductive polymer
}
B29C 65/3492
. . . . .
{
being carbon
}
B29C 65/3496
. . . . .
{
with a coating, e.g. a metallic or a carbon coating
}
Collapse
B29C 65/36
. . .
heated by induction
WARNING
-
B29C 65/36 are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also B29C 65/36

Collapse
B29C 65/3604
. . . .
{
characterised by the type of elements heated by induction which remain in the joint
}
Collapse
B29C 65/3608
. . . . .
{
comprising single particles, e.g. fillers or discontinuous fibre-reinforcements
}
B29C 65/3612
. . . . . .
{
comprising fillers
}
B29C 65/3616
. . . . . .
{
comprising discontinuous fibre-reinforcements
}
Collapse
B29C 65/362
. . . . .
{
comprising at least a single wire, e.g. in the form of a winding
}
B29C 65/3624
. . . . . .
{
said at least a single wire having the form of a coil spring
}
B29C 65/3628
. . . . . .
{
said at least a single wire having a waveform, e.g. a sinusoidal form
}
B29C 65/3632
. . . . . .
{
comprising several wires, e.g. in the form of several independent windings B29C 65/364 takes precedence
}
B29C 65/3636
. . . . .
{
comprising independent continuous fibre-reinforcements
}
B29C 65/364
. . . . .
{
being a woven or non-woven fabric or being a mesh
}
Collapse
B29C 65/3644
. . . . .
{
being a ribbon, band or strip
}
B29C 65/3648
. . . . . .
{
said strip being perforated
}
B29C 65/3652
. . . . . .
{
forming a sleeve, e.g. a wrap-around sleeve
}
B29C 65/3656
. . . . .
{
being a layer of a multilayer part to be joined, e.g. for joining plastic-metal laminates
}
B29C 65/366
. . . . .
{
being a coating or being printed, e.g. being applied as a paint or forming a printed circuit
}
B29C 65/3668
. . . .
{
characterised by the means for supplying heat to said heated elements which remain in the join, e.g. special induction coils
}
Collapse
B29C 65/3672
. . . .
{
characterised by the composition of the elements heated by induction which remain in the joint
}
Collapse
B29C 65/3676
. . . . .
{
being metallic
}
B29C 65/368
. . . . . .
{
with a polymer coating
}
Collapse
B29C 65/3684
. . . . .
{
being non-metallic
}
B29C 65/3696
. . . . . .
{
with a coating
}
B29C 65/38
. .
Impulse heating
NOTE
-
When classifying in this group, heated tools are additionally classified in the relevant groups, e.g. B29C 65/22

Collapse
B29C 65/40
. .
Applying molten plastics, e.g. hot melt (using welding bar
{
combined with hot gases
}
B29C 65/12; by moulding B29C 65/70)
B29C 65/405
. . .
{
characterised by the composition of the applied molten plastics (B29C 65/425 takes precedence)
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/40

Collapse
B29C 65/42
. . .
between pre-assembled parts
{
(B29C 65/605 takes precedence)
}
B29C 65/425
. . . .
{
characterised by the composition of the molten plastics applied between pre-assembled parts
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/42

Collapse
B29C 65/44
. .
Joining a heated non plastics element to a plastics element
NOTE
-
B29C 66/74 and subgroups

B29C 65/46
. . .
heated by induction
NOTE
-
B29C 66/74 and subgroups

Collapse
B29C 65/48
.
using adhesives
{
, i.e. using supplementary joining material
}
(heat-activated
{
to be additionally classified in
}
B29C 65/02
{
and subgroups
}
;
{
applying molten plastics, e.g.
}
hot melts
{
to be additionally classified in
}
B29C 65/40; non-mechanical parts of adhesive processes, in general C09J 5/00)
;
{
solvent bonding
}
[N: Note When classifying in this group, heat-activated adhesives are further classified in group B92C65/02. When classifying in this group, applying molten plastics is further classified in group B92C65/40.
WARNING
-
B29C 65/4805 to B29C 65/4895 are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also this group and B29C 65/4895

Collapse
B29C 65/4805
. .
{
characterised by the type of adhesives
}
Collapse
B29C 65/481
. . .
{
Non-reactive adhesives, e.g. physically hardening adhesives
}
B29C 65/4815
. . . .
{
Hot melt adhesives, e.g. thermoplastic adhesives
}
B29C 65/482
. . . .
{
Drying adhesives, e.g. solvent based adhesives
}
B29C 65/4825
. . . .
{
Pressure sensitive adhesives
}
Collapse
B29C 65/483
. . .
{
Reactive adhesives, e.g. chemically curing adhesives
}
B29C 65/4835
. . . .
{
Heat curing adhesives
}
B29C 65/484
. . . .
{
Moisture curing adhesives
}
B29C 65/4845
. . . .
{
Radiation curing adhesives, e.g. UV light curing adhesives
}
B29C 65/485
. . . .
{
Multi-component adhesives, i.e. chemically curing as a result of the mixing of said multi-components
}
B29C 65/4855
. .
{
characterised by their physical properties, e.g. being electrically-conductive
}
B29C 65/486
. .
{
characterised by their physical form being non-liquid, e.g. in the form of granules or powders (B29C 65/50 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/4865
. .
{
containing additives (C09J 11/00 and subgroups take precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/487
. . .
{
characterised by their shape, e.g. being fibres or being spherical
}
B29C 65/4875
. . . .
{
being spherical, e.g. particles or powders
}
B29C 65/488
. . . .
{
being longitudinal, e.g. fibres
}
Collapse
B29C 65/4885
. . .
{
characterised by their composition being non-plastics
}
B29C 65/489
. . . .
{
being metals
}
B29C 65/4895
. .
{
Solvent bonding, i.e. the surfaces of the parts to be joined being treated with solvents, swelling or softening agents, without adhesives
}
Collapse
B29C 65/50
. .
using adhesive tape
{
e.g. thermoplastic tape; using threads or the like (B29C 65/3444 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/5007
. . .
{
characterised by the structure of said adhesive tape, threads or the like
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/5007 and subgroups are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also B29C 65/50 and its subgroups

B29C 65/5014
. . . .
{
being fibre-reinforced (B29C 65/5028 takes precedence)
}
B29C 65/5021
. . . .
{
being multi-layered
}
B29C 65/5028
. . . .
{
being textile in woven or non-woven form
}
B29C 65/5035
. . . .
{
being in thread form, i.e. in the form of a single filament, e.g. in the form of a single coated filament
}
Collapse
B29C 65/5042
. . .
{
covering both elements to be joined
}
B29C 65/505
. . . .
{
and placed in a recess formed in the parts to be joined, e.g. in order to obtain a continuous surface
}
B29C 65/5057
. . .
{
positioned between the surfaces to be joined (B29C 65/5035 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/5064
. . .
{
of particular form, e.g. being C-shaped, T-shaped
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/5064 are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also this group

B29C 65/5071
. . . .
{
and being composed by one single element
}
B29C 65/5078
. . . .
{
and being composed by several elements
}
B29C 65/5085
. . . .
{
and comprising grooves, e.g. being E-shaped, H-shaped
}
B29C 65/5092
. . .
{
characterised by the tape handling mechanisms, e.g. using vacuum
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/50 and its subgroups

Collapse
B29C 65/52
. .
{
characterised by the way of applying the adhesive [N: (B29C 65/50 takes precedence; apparatus for applying liquids in general B05C; processes for applying liquids in general B05D)
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/521 to B29C 65/528 are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also this group

B29C 65/521
. . .
{
by spin coating
}
B29C 65/522
. . .
{
by spraying, e.g. by flame spraying
}
B29C 65/523
. . .
{
by dipping
}
Collapse
B29C 65/524
. . .
{
by applying the adhesive from an outlet device in contact with, or almost in contact with, the surface of the part to be joined
}
B29C 65/525
. . . .
{
by extrusion coating
}
B29C 65/526
. . .
{
by printing or by transfer from the surfaces of elements carrying the adhesive, e.g. using brushes, pads, rollers, stencils or silk screens
}
B29C 65/527
. . .
{
by gravity only, e.g. by pouring
}
B29C 65/528
. . .
{
by CVD or by PVD, i.e. by chemical vapour deposition or by physical vapour deposition
}
Collapse
B29C 65/54
. . .
between pre-assembled parts
WARNING
-
B29C 65/54 are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also this group

B29C 65/542
. . . .
{
by injection
}
B29C 65/544
. . . .
{
by suction
}
B29C 65/546
. . . .
{
by gravity, e.g. by pouring
}
B29C 65/548
. . . .
{
by capillarity
}
Collapse
B29C 65/56
.
using mechanical means
{
or mechanical connections, e.g. form-fits
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/561 to B29C65/56J are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also this group and its subgroups

B29C 65/561
. .
{
using screw-threads being integral at least to one of the parts to be joined
}
Collapse
B29C 65/562
. .
{
using extra joining elements, i.e. which are not integral with the parts to be joined (using plastic snap elements B29C 65/58; using plastic rivets B29C 65/601)
}
B29C 65/564
. . .
{
hidden in the joint, e.g. dowels or Z-pins (B29C 65/603 takes precedence)
}
B29C 65/565
. .
{
involving interference fits, e.g. force-fits or press-fits (B29C 65/66 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/567
. .
{
using a tamping or a swaging operation, i.e. at least partially deforming the edge or the rim of a first part to be joined to clamp a second part to be joined
}
B29C 65/568
. . .
{
using a swaging operation, i.e. totally deforming the edge or the rim of a first part to be joined to clamp a second part to be joined
}
B29C 65/58
. .
Snap connection
Collapse
B29C 65/60
. .
Riveting
{
or staking
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/60 are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also this group

Collapse
B29C 65/601
. . .
{
using extra riveting elements, i.e. the rivets being non-integral with the parts to be joined
}
B29C 65/602
. . . .
{
using hollow rivets (B29C 65/607 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/603
. . . .
{
the rivets being pushed in blind holes
}
B29C 65/604
. . . . .
{
in both parts
}
B29C 65/605
. . . .
{
the rivets being molded in place, e.g. by injection
}
Collapse
B29C 65/606
. . .
{
the rivets being integral with one of the parts to be joined, i.e. staking
}
B29C 65/607
. . . .
{
the integral rivets being hollow
}
B29C 65/608
. . . .
{
the integral rivets being pushed in blind holes
}
B29C 65/609
. . . .
{
the integral rivets being plunge-formed
}
B29C 65/62
. .
Stitching
Collapse
B29C 65/64
. .
Joining a non-plastics element to a plastics element, e.g. by force (B29C 65/44 takes precedence)
NOTE
-
B29C 66/74 and subgroups

B29C 65/645
. . .
{
using friction or ultrasonic vibrations
}
NOTE
-
B29C 66/74 and subgroups

Collapse
B29C 65/66
.
by liberation of internal stresses, e.g. shrinking of one of the parts to be joined
B29C 65/665
. .
{
using shrinking during cooling
}
B29C 65/68
. .
using auxiliary shrinkable elements
B29C 65/70
.
by moulding (using a particular moulding technique, see the relevant technique
{
e.g. by injection B29C 45/14467
}
)
NOTE
-
This group covers only techniques involving the use of a mould

B29C 65/72
.
by combined operations
{
or combined techniques
}
, e.g. welding and stitching
Collapse
B29C 65/74
.
by welding and severing,
{
or by joining and severing, the severing being performed in the area to be joined, next to the area to be joined, in the joint area or next to the joint area
}
NOTE
-
When classifying in this group, joining techniques are additionally classified in the relevant groups, e.g. in B29C 65/02 and subgroups

Collapse
B29C 65/741
. .
{
characterised by the relationships between the joining step and the severing step (cutting as mechanical pre-treatment B29C 66/02241; cutting as thermal pre-treatment B29C 66/0246; cutting as mechanical after-treatment B29C 66/0326; cutting as thermal after-treatment B29C 66/0346)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/7411
. . .
{
characterised by the temperature relationship between the joining step and the severing step
}
B29C 65/7412
. . . .
{
the joining step and the severing step being performed at different temperatures
}
Collapse
B29C 65/7415
. . .
{
characterised by the pressure relationship between the joining step and the severing step
}
B29C 65/7416
. . . .
{
the joining step and the severing step being performed at different pressures
}
B29C 65/7419
. . .
{
characterised by the time relationship between the joining step and the severing step, said joining step and said severing step being performed by the same tool but at different times
}
Collapse
B29C 65/743
. .
N: using the same tool for both joining and severing, said tool being monobloc or formed by several parts mounted together and forming a monobloc (B29C 65/2046 takes precedence)]
B29C 65/7433
. . .
{
the tool being a wire
}
B29C 65/7435
. . .
{
the tool being a roller
}
B29C 65/7437
. . .
{
the tool being a perforating tool (perforating as mechanical pre-treatment B29C 66/02242)
}
B29C 65/7439
. . .
{
for continuously and longitudinally welding and severing webs (B29C 65/7435 takes precedence)
}
B29C 65/7441
. . .
{
for making welds and cuts of other than simple rectilinear form
}
B29C 65/7443
. . .
{
by means of ultrasonic vibrations
}
Collapse
B29C 65/745
. .
{
using a single unit having both a severing tool and a welding tool
}
B29C 65/7451
. . .
{
the severing tool and the welding tool being movable with respect to one-another
}
B29C 65/7453
. . .
{
the severing tool being a wire
}
B29C 65/7455
. . .
{
the unit being a roller
}
B29C 65/7457
. . .
{
comprising a perforating tool
}
B29C 65/7459
. . .
{
for continuously and longitudinally welding and severing webs (B29C 65/7455 takes precedence)
}
B29C 65/7461
. . .
{
for making welds and cuts of other than simple rectilinear form
}
Collapse
B29C 65/747
. .
{
using other than mechanical means
}
B29C 65/7471
. . .
{
using a fluid, e.g. hot gases
}
B29C 65/7473
. . .
{
using radiation, e.g. laser, for simultaneously welding and severing
}
B29C 65/749
. .
{
Removing scrap (deburring welded articles B29C 37/04)
}
B29C 65/76
.
Making non-permanent or releasable joints
Collapse
B29C 65/78
.
Means for handling the parts to be joined, e.g. for making containers or hollow articles
{
e.g. means for handling sheets, plates, web-like materials, tubular articles, hollow articles or elements to be joined therewith; Means for discharging the joined articles from the joining apparatus
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/78 are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also this group and its subgroups and B29C 65/20 and its subgroups

Collapse
B29C 65/7802
. .
{
Positioning the parts to be joined, e.g. aligning, indexing or centring
}
Collapse
B29C 65/7805
. . .
{
the parts to be joined comprising positioning features
}
Collapse
B29C 65/7808
. . . .
{
in the form of holes or slots (B29C 65/7814 takes precedence; holding or clamping means cooperating with specially formed features of at least one of the parts to be joined B29C 65/7844)
}
B29C 65/7811
. . . . .
{
for centring purposes
}
B29C 65/7814
. . . .
{
in the form of inter-cooperating positioning features (holding or clamping means cooperating with specially formed features of at least one of the parts to be joined B29C 65/7844), e.g. tenons and mortises (tenon and mortise joints B29C 66/126; tongue and groove joints B29C 66/124)
}
B29C 65/7817
. . . .
{
in the form of positioning marks
}
Collapse
B29C 65/782
. . .
{
by setting the gap between the parts to be joined (controlling or regulating the gap between the joining tools B29C 66/92611)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/7823
. . . .
{
by using distance pieces, i.e. by using spacers positioned between the parts to be joined and forming a part of the joint
}
B29C 65/7826
. . . . .
{
said distance pieces being non-integral with the parts to be joined, e.g. particles
}
B29C 65/7829
. . . . .
{
said distance pieces being integral with at least one of the parts to be joined
}
B29C 65/7832
. . .
{
by setting the overlap between the parts to be joined, e.g. the overlap between sheets, plates or web-like materials
}
B29C 65/7835
. . .
{
by using stops (B29C 65/7823, B29C 66/92651 take precedence; tongue and groove joints B29C 66/124; tenon and mortise joints B29C 66/126)
}
B29C 65/7838
. . .
{
from the inside, e.g. of tubular or hollow articles (B29C 66/3242 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/7841
. .
{
Holding or clamping means for handling purposes (clamping means for the purpose of applying pressure on the parts to be joined, in the area to be joined B29C 66/81; work holders in general B25B; devices for holding or positioning work for welding metal B23K 37/04)
}
B29C 65/7844
. . .
{
cooperating with specially formed features of at least one of the parts to be joined, e.g. cooperating with holes or ribs of at least one of the parts to be joined (parts to be joined comprising holes or slots for the purpose of positioning said parts B29C 65/7808; parts to be joined comprising inter-cooperating positioning features B29C 65/7814 (welding using friction, the welding tool cooperating with specially formed features of at least one of the parts to be joined, e.g. cooperating with holes or ribs of at least one of the parts to be joined B29C 65/069))
}
B29C 65/7847
. . .
{
using vacuum to hold at least one of the parts to be joined (vacuum work holders in general B25B 11/005)
}
B29C 65/785
. . .
{
using magnetic forces to hold at least one of the parts to be joined (magnetic work holders in general B25B 11/002)
}
B29C 65/7852
. . .
{
using electrostatic forces to hold at least one of the parts to be joined
}
B29C 65/7855
. .
{
Provisory fixing
}
Collapse
B29C 65/7858
. .
{
characterised by the feeding movement of the parts to be joined
}
Collapse
B29C 65/7861
. . .
{
In-line machines, i.e. feeding, joining and discharging are in one production line (B29C 65/7879, B29C 65/7888 take precedence)
}
B29C 65/7864
. . . .
{
using a feeding table which moves to and fro (oscillating around an axis B29C 65/7876)
}
B29C 65/7867
. . . .
{
using carriers, provided with holding means, said carriers moving in a closed path
}
Collapse
B29C 65/787
. . . .
{
using conveyer belts or conveyer chains (B29C65/78M2E, B29C 66/83421, B29C 66/83521, B29C 66/83531 take precedence)
}
B29C 65/7873
. . . . .
{
using cooperating conveyer belts or cooperating conveyer chains (B29C 66/83423, B29C 66/83523, B29C 66/83533 take precedence)
}
B29C 65/7876
. . .
{
oscillating around an axis (B29C 65/7888 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/7879
. . .
{
said parts to be joined moving in a closed path, e.g. a rectangular path (B29C 65/7888 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/7882
. . . .
{
said parts to be joined moving in a circular path
}
B29C 65/7885
. . . . .
{
Rotary turret joining machines, i.e. having several joining tools moving around an axis
}
WARNING
-
B29C 65/0672

Collapse
B29C 65/7888
. . .
{
Means for handling of moving sheets or webs
}
B29C 65/7891
. . . .
{
of discontinuously moving sheets or webs
}
B29C 65/7894
. . . .
{
of continuously moving sheets or webs
}
B29C 65/7897
. .
{
Means for discharging the joined articles from the joining apparatus (B29C 66/005 takes precedence; discharging moulded articles from moulds B29C 37/0003)
}
B29C 65/80
. .
Rotatable transfer means
{
for loading or unloading purposes, i.e. turret transfer means (B29C 65/7879 takes precedence; in-line machines using carriers, provided with holding means, said carriers moving in a closed path B29C 65/7867; in-line machines using conveyer belts or conveyer chains B29C 65/787)
}
Collapse
B29C 65/82
.
Testing the joint
WARNING
-
B29C 65/82 are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also this group

Collapse
B29C 65/8207
. .
{
by mechanical methods
}
B29C 65/8215
. . .
{
Tensile tests
}
B29C 65/8223
. . .
{
Peel tests
}
B29C 65/823
. . .
{
Bend tests
}
B29C 65/8238
. . .
{
Impact tests
}
B29C 65/8246
. . .
{
Pressure tests, e.g. hydrostatic pressure tests
}
B29C 65/8253
. .
{
by the use of waves or particle radiation, e.g. visual examination, scanning electron microscopy, or X-rays (B29C 65/8292 takes precedence)
}
B29C 65/8261
. .
{
by the use of thermal means
}
Collapse
B29C 65/8269
. .
{
by the use of electric or magnetic means
}
B29C 65/8276
. . .
{
by the use of electric means
}
B29C 65/8284
. . .
{
by the use of magnetic means
}
B29C 65/8292
. .
{
by the use of ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves
}
Collapse
B29C 66/00
{
General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts (means for handling the parts to be joined B29C 65/78; testing the joint B29C 65/82)
}
WARNING
-
B29C 66/00 - B29C 66/98 do not correspond to former or current IPC groups. Concordance CPC : IPC for these groups is as follows: - B29C 66/00 - B29C 66/98 : B29C 65/00]

Collapse
B29C 66/001
.
{
Joining in special atmospheres
}
WARNING
-
B29C 66/001 are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also this group

Collapse
B29C 66/0012
. .
{
characterised by the type of environment
}
Collapse
B29C 66/0014
. . .
{
Gaseous environments
}
B29C 66/00141
. . . .
{
Protective gases
}
B29C 66/00143
. . . .
{
Active gases
}
B29C 66/00145
. . . .
{
Vacuum, e.g. partial vacuum
}
B29C 66/0016
. . .
{
Liquid environments, i.e. the parts to be joined being submerged in a liquid
}
B29C 66/0018
. . .
{
being sterile
}
B29C 66/002
.
{
Removing toxic gases
}
B29C 66/003
.
{
Protecting areas of the parts to be joined from overheating (B29C 66/348, B29C 66/8744 take precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 66/004
.
{
Preventing sticking together, e.g. of some areas of the parts to be joined
}
Collapse
B29C 66/0042
. .
{
of the joining tool and the parts to be joined (B29C 66/0046 takes precedence; joining tool characterized by its composition B29C 66/8122; joining tool characterized by its microstructure B29C 66/8124)
}
Collapse
B29C 66/0044
. . .
{
using a separating sheet, e.g. fixed on the joining tool
}
B29C 66/00441
. . . .
{
movable, e.g. mounted on reels
}
Collapse
B29C 66/0046
. .
{
by the use of a lubricant, e.g. fluid, powder
}
WARNING
-
B29C 66/0046 and subgroups are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also B29C 66/004 and its subgroups

B29C 66/00461
. . .
{
being liquid, e.g. oil based
}
B29C 66/00463
. . .
{
being solid, e.g. a powder
}
B29C 66/005
.
{
Detaching the article from the joining tool
}
Collapse
B29C 66/006
.
{
Preventing damaging, e.g. of the parts to be joined (B29C 66/003, B29C 66/004, B29C 66/348 take precedence)
}
WARNING
-
B29C 66/006 and subgroups are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also B29C 65/00 and subgroups

B29C 66/0062
. .
{
of the joining tool, e.g. avoiding wear of the joining tool
}
Collapse
B29C 66/01
.
{
General aspects dealing with the joint area or with the area to be joined (B29C 65/76, B29C 65/82 take precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 66/02
. .
{
Preparation of the material, in the area to be joined, prior to joining or welding (B29C 66/32 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 66/022
. . .
{
Mechanical pre-treatments, e.g. reshaping
}
WARNING
-
B29C 66/022 are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also this group

B29C 66/0222
. . . .
{
without removal of material, e.g. cleaning by air blowing or using brushes
}
Collapse
B29C 66/0224
. . . .
{
with removal of material
}
Collapse
B29C 66/02241
. . . . .
{
Cutting, e.g. by using waterjets, or sawing (using heat B29C 66/0246; cutting-off or cutting-out a part of a strip-like or sheet-like material, transferring that part and fixing it to an article B29C 69/005)
}
B29C 66/02242
. . . . . .
{
Perforating or boring
}
B29C 66/02245
. . . . .
{
Abrading, e.g. grinding, sanding, sandblasting or scraping
}
Collapse
B29C 66/024
. . .
{
Thermal pre-treatments
}
WARNING
-
B29C 66/024 are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also this group

B29C 66/0242
. . . .
{
Heating, or preheating, e.g. drying (B29C 66/3464 takes precedence)
}
B29C 66/0244
. . . .
{
Cooling
}
B29C 66/0246
. . . .
{
Cutting or perforating, e.g. burning away by using a laser or using hot air (simultaneously welding and severing using a fluid B29C 65/7471; simultaneously welding and severing using radiation B29C 65/7473; cutting-off or cutting-out a part of a strip-like or sheet-like material, transferring that part and fixing it to an article B29C 69/005)
}
B29C 66/026
. . .
{
Chemical pre-treatments (B29C 66/028 takes precedence)
}
WARNING
-
B29C 66/02

B29C 66/028
. . .
{
Non-mechanical surface pre-treatments, i.e. by flame treatment, electric discharge treatment, plasma treatment, wave energy or particle radiation (B29C 65/14 takes precedence; non-mechanical surface treatment of plastics in general B29C 59/08 to B29C 59/16)
}
WARNING
-
B29C 66/02

Collapse
B29C 66/03
. .
{
After-treatments in the joint area (B29C 66/3262 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 66/032
. . .
{
Mechanical after-treatments (deburring welded articles B29C 37/04)
}
B29C 66/0322
. . . .
{
Post-pressing without reshaping, i.e. keeping the joint under pressure after joining
}
Collapse
B29C 66/0324
. . . .
{
Reforming or reshaping the joint, e.g. folding over (reshaping the burr B29C 66/326)
}
Collapse
B29C 66/03241
. . . . .
{
Flattening
}
B29C 66/03242
. . . . . .
{
of sheets being positioned in abutment, e.g. after folding open of an overlap joint
}
B29C 66/0326
. . . .
{
Cutting, e.g. by using waterjets, or perforating (using heat B29C 66/0346)
}
WARNING
-
B29C 66/032

Collapse
B29C 66/034
. . .
{
Thermal after-treatments
}
B29C 66/0342
. . . .
{
Cooling, e.g. transporting through welding and cooling zone
}
B29C 66/0344
. . . .
{
Annealing
}
WARNING
-
B29C 66/034

B29C 66/0346
. . . .
{
Cutting or perforating, e.g. burning away by using a laser or using hot air (simultaneously joining and severing using a fluid B29C 65/7471; simultaneously welding and severing using radiation B29C 65/7473)
}
WARNING
-
B29C 66/034

Collapse
B29C 66/038
. . .
{
Covering the joint by a coating material
}
B29C 66/0382
. . . .
{
the coating material being in liquid or paste form (joining by applying molten plastics B29C 65/40)
}
B29C 66/0384
. . . .
{
the coating material being in tape, strip or band form (joining using adhesive tapes covering both elements to be joined B29C 65/5042)
}
Collapse
B29C 66/05
. .
{
Particular design of joint configurations
}
NOTE
-
B29C 65/48 and subgroups or B29C 65/50 and subgroups

WARNING
-
B29C 66/05 and subgroups are not complete, pending a reorganisation; see also B29C 65/00 and its subgroups

Collapse
B29C 66/10
. . .
{
particular design of the joint cross-sections
}
NOTE
-

Collapse
B29C 66/11
. . . .
{
Joint cross-sections comprising a single joint-segment, i.e. one of the parts to be joined comprising a single joint-segment in the joint cross-section (B29C 66/12 and subgroups take precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 66/112
. . . . .
{
Single lapped joints
}
B29C 66/1122
. . . . . .
{
Single lap to lap joints, i.e. overlap joints (B29C 66/45, B29C 66/472, B29C 66/52272 take precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 66/114
. . . . .
{
Single butt joints
}
B29C 66/1142
. . . . . .
{
Single butt to butt joints
}
Collapse
B29C 66/116
. . . . .
{
Single bevelled joints, i.e. one of the parts to be joined being bevelled in the joint area
}
B29C 66/1162
. . . . . .
{
Single bevel to bevel joints, e.g. mitre joints
}
Collapse
B29C 66/118
. . . . .
{
Single monotone curved joints
}
B29C 66/1182
. . . . . .
{
the joint being C-shaped
}
Collapse
B29C 66/12
. . . .
{
Joint cross-sections combining only two joint-segments; Tongue and groove joints; Tenon and mortise joints; Stepped joint cross-sections
}
Collapse
B29C 66/122
. . . . .
{
Joint cross-sections combining only two joint-segments, i.e. one of the parts to be joined comprising only two joint-segments in the joint cross-section (B29C 66/124 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 66/1222
. . . . . .
{
comprising at least a lapped joint-segment
}
B29C 66/12221
. . . . . . .
{
the two joint-segments being lapped
}
Collapse
B29C 66/1224
. . . . . .
{
comprising at least a butt joint-segment
}
B29C 66/12241
. . . . . . .
{
the two joint-segments being butt
}
Collapse
B29C 66/1226
. . . . . .
{
comprising at least one bevelled joint-segment
}
B29C 66/12261
. . . . . . .
{
the two joint-segments being bevelled, e.g. the two joint-segments forming a V
}
Collapse
B29C 66/1228
. . . . . .
{
comprising at least one monotone curved joint-segment
}
B29C 66/12281
. . . . . . .
{
the two joint-segments being monotone curved
}
Collapse
B29C 66/124
. . . . .
{
Tongue and groove joints
}
Collapse
B29C 66/1242
. . . . . .
{
comprising interlocking undercuts
}
B29C 66/12421
. . . . . . .
{
Teardrop-like, waterdrop-like or mushroom-like interlocking undercuts
}
B29C 66/12423
. . . . . . .
{
Dovetailed interlocking undercuts
}
B29C 66/12425
. . . . . . .
{
Other specific interlocking undercuts not provided for in B29C 66/12421 to B29C 66/12423
}
Collapse
B29C 66/1244
. . . . . .
{
characterised by the male part, i.e. the part comprising the tongue
}
B29C 66/12441
. . . . . . .
{
being a single wall
}
B29C 66/12443
. . . . . . .
{
having the tongue substantially in the middle
}
B29C 66/12445
. . . . . . .
{
having the tongue on the side
}
B29C 66/12449
. . . . . . .
{
being asymmetric (B29C 66/12445 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 66/1246
. . . . . .
{
characterised by the female part, i.e. the part comprising the groove
}
B29C 66/12461
. . . . . . .
{
being rounded, i.e. U-shaped or C-shaped
}
Collapse
B29C 66/12463
. . . . . . .
{
being tapered
}
B29C 66/12464
. . . . . . . .
{
being V-shaped
}
B29C 66/12469
. . . . . . .
{
being asymmetric
}
B29C 66/1248
. . . . . .
{
Interpenetrating groove joints (Interpenetrating fingered joints B29C 66/139)
}
B29C 66/126
. . . . .
{
Tenon and mortise joints (tenons and mortises for positioning purposes B29C 65/7814)
}
Collapse
B29C 66/128
. . . . .
{
Stepped joint cross-sections
}
Collapse
B29C 66/1282
. . . . . .
{
comprising at least one overlap joint-segment
}
Collapse
B29C 66/12821
. . . . . . .
{
comprising at least two overlap joint-segments
}
B29C 66/12822
. . . . . . . .
{
comprising at least three overlap joint-segments
}
Collapse
B29C 66/1284
. . . . . .
{
comprising at least one butt joint-segment
}
Collapse
B29C 66/12841
. . . . . . .
{
comprising at least two butt joint-segments
}
B29C 66/12842
. . . . . . . .
{
comprising at least three butt joint-segments
}
Collapse
B29C 66/1286
. . . . . .
{
comprising at least one bevelled joint-segment
}
Collapse
B29C 66/12861
. . . . . . .
{
comprising at least two bevelled joint-segments
}
B29C 66/12862
. . . . . . . .
{
comprising at least three bevelled joint-segments
}
Collapse
B29C 66/1288
. . . . . .
{
comprising at least one monotone curved joint-segment
}
Collapse
B29C 66/12881
. . . . . . .
{
comprising at least two monotone curved joint-segments
}
B29C 66/12882
. . . . . . . .
{
comprising at least three monotone curved joint-segments
}
Collapse
B29C 66/13
. . . .
{
Single flanged joints; Fin-type joints; Single hem joints; Edge joints; Interpenetrating fingered joints; Other specific particular designs of joint cross-sections not provided for in groups B29C 66/11 to B29C 66/12
}
Collapse
B29C 66/131
. . . . .
{
Single flanged joints, i.e. one of the parts to be joined being rigid and flanged in the joint area
}
B29C 66/1312
. . . . . .
{
Single flange to flange joints, the parts to be joined being rigid (the parts to be joined being flexible B29C 66/133)
}
B29C 66/133
. . . . .
{
Fin-type joints, the parts to be joined being flexible (the parts to be joined being rigid B29C 66/1312)
}
Collapse
B29C 66/135
. . . . .
{
Single hemmed joints, i.e. one of the parts to be joined being hemmed in the joint area
}
B29C 66/1352
. . . . . .
{
Single hem to hem joints
}
B29C 66/137
. . . . .
{
Beaded-edge joints or bead seals (for sealing or securing package folds or closures B65B 51/24)
}
B29C 66/139
. . . . .
{
Interpenetrating fingered joints
}
B29C 66/14
. . . .
{
the joint having the same thickness as the thickness of the parts to be joined (B29C 66/1142 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 66/20
. . .
{
particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines
}
NOTE
-

B29C 66/21
. . . .
{
said joint lines being formed by a single dot or dash or by several dots or dashes, i.e. spot joining or spot welding
}
Collapse
B29C 66/22
. . . .
{
said joint lines being in the form of recurring patterns (B29C 66/234 takes precedence)
}
B29C 66/221
. . . . .
{
being in the form of a sinusoidal wave (B29C 66/2272 takes precedence)
}
B29C 66/223
. . . . .
{
being in the form of a triangle wave or of a sawtooth wave, e.g. zigzagged
}
B29C 66/225
. . . . .
{
being castellated, e.g. in the form of a square wave or of a rectangular wave (B29C 66/2276 takes precedence)
}
Collapse
B29C 66/227
. . . . .
{
being in the form of repetitive interlocking undercuts, e.g. in the form of puzzle cuts (tongue and groove joints or tenon and mortise joints comprising interlocking undercuts B29C 66/1242)
}
B29C 66/2272
. . . . . .
{
Teardrop-like, waterdrop-like or mushroom-like interlocking undercuts (tongue and groove joints or tenon and mortise joints comprising teardrop-like, waterdrop-like or mushroom-like interlocking undercuts B29C 66/12421)
}
B29C 66/2274
. . . . . .
{
Dovetailed interlocking undercuts (tongue and groove joints or tenon and mortise joints comprising dovetailed interlocking undercuts B29C 66/12423)
}
B29C 66/2276
. . . . . .
{
Other specific local geometries of interlocking undercuts not provided for in B29C 66/2272 to B29C 66/2274 (tongue and groove joints or tenon and mortise joints comprising other specific interlocking undercuts B29C 66/12425)
}
B29C 66/229
. . . . .
{
Other specific patterns not provided for in B29C 66/221 to B29C 66/227
}

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