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Indent Level
Color Curly Brackets (indicating CPC extensions to IPC)

CPC
COOPERATIVE PATENT CLASSIFICATION
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MAKING GEARS OR TOOTHED RACKS (by stamping B21D; by rolling B21H; by forging or pressing B21K; by casting B22; arrangements for copying or controlling B23Q; machines or devices for grinding or polishing, in general B24B)
NOTE
-
This subclass covers:
the use of methods or apparatus specially designed to produce accurately the shapes of gear teeth which are essential for proper intermeshing of toothed gearing elements to ensure the required relative motions;

the use of similar methods or apparatus in the production of other articles of toothed or like form, e.g. dog clutches, splined shafts, milling cutters.


This subclass does not cover the production of such other articles of toothed or like form using methods or apparatus other than those mentioned under Note (1) above.

In this subclass, the following terms or expressions are used with the meanings indicated:
"gear teeth" covers the teeth or lobes of other accurately-intermeshing members having relative movement of a similar kind, such as rotors of rotary pumps and blowers;

"profile" may include the outline of both faces or only one face of a tooth, or the opposing faces of adjacent teeth;

"straight" means that a tooth as a whole (ignoring any curvature of the tooth-face alone, e.g. crowning) is straight in the direction of its length, for example as seen in the direction of a radius of a spur wheel. It accordingly includes the teeth of helical gears and of the normal type of bevel gear;

"broach-milling" means milling with a rotary cutter having a number of teeth of progressively increasing depth or width.


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Making gear teeth by tools of which the profile matches the profile of the required surface (special adaptations for making curved teeth B23F 9/00)
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.
by grinding
. .
{
the tool being a grinding worm
}
B23F 1/026
. .
{
with plural tools
}
.
by planing or slotting
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.
by milling
B23F 1/065
. .
{
with plural tools
}
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B23F 1/08
.
by broaching; by broach-milling
B23F 1/083
. .
{
by broach-milling
}
B23F 1/086
. .
{
Pot broaching
}
Making gear teeth involving copying operations controlled by templates having a profile which matches that of the required tooth face or part thereof or a copy thereof to a different scale (copying systems or devices per se B23Q 35/00)
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Making straight gear teeth involving moving a tool relatively to a workpiece with a rolling-off or an enveloping motion with respect to the gear teeth to be made
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B23F 5/02
.
by grinding
. .
the tool being a grinding worm
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B23F 5/06
. .
the tool being a grinding disc with a plane front surface
B23F 5/065
. . .
{
and the grinding disc axis varying angularly with respect to the workpiece axis
}
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B23F 5/08
. .
the tool being a grinding disc having the same profile as the tooth or teeth of a rack
B23F 5/085
. . .
{
and the grinding disc axis varying angularly with respect to the workpiece axis
}
B23F 5/10
. .
the tool being a grinding disc having the same profile as the tooth or teeth of a crown or bevel wheel
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B23F 5/12
.
by planing or slotting
B23F 5/125
. .
{
with two single-tooth tools mounted on reciprocating slides
}
B23F 5/14
. .
the tool having the same profile as a tooth or teeth of a rack
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B23F 5/16
. .
the tool having a shape similar to that of a spur wheel or part thereof
. . .
{
the tool and workpiece being in crossed axis arrangement, e.g. skiving, i.e. "Waelzschaelen"
}
B23F 5/166
. . .
{
with plural tools
}
B23F 5/18
. .
the tool having the same profile as a tooth of a crown wheel
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B23F 5/20
.
by milling
B23F 5/202
. .
{
the tool having a shape similar to that of a gear or part thereof, with cutting edges situated on the tooth contour lines (tools therefor B23F 21/122)
}
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B23F 5/205
. .
{
with plural tools
}
B23F 5/207
. . .
{
the tools being interlocked
}
. .
the tool being a hob for making spur gears
. .
the tool being a hob for making bevel gears
B23F 5/26
. .
the tool having the same profile as a tooth or teeth of a rack, for making spur gears
B23F 5/27
. .
the tool having the same profile as a tooth or teeth of a crown or bevel wheel
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B23F 5/28
.
by broaching; by broach-milling
B23F 5/285
. .
{
broaching with working tools mounted on an endless chain or belt
}
Making herringbone gear teeth
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Making gears having teeth curved in their longitudinal direction
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B23F 9/003
.
{
by broaching
}
B23F 9/006
. .
{
broaching with working tools mounted on an endless chain or belt
}
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B23F 9/02
.
by grinding
. .
{
with a face-mill-type, i.e. cup-shaped, grinding wheel
}
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B23F 9/04
.
by planing or slotting with reciprocating cutting tools
. .
having a shape similar to a spur-wheel or part thereof
B23F 9/07
. .
having a shape similar to a crown wheel or a part thereof
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B23F 9/08
.
by milling, e.g. with helicoidal hob
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. .
{
with a hob
}
. . .
{
the hob being tapered
}
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B23F 9/086
. .
{
with two or more tools
}
B23F 9/088
. . .
{
the tools being interlocked
}
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. .
with a face-mill
. . .
{
with continuous indexing, i.e. with continuous work rotation
}
B23F 9/12
. . .
for non-continuous generating processes
B23F 9/14
. . .
for continuous generating processes
Making worm wheels, e.g. by hobbing
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Making worms by methods essentially requiring the use of machines of the gear-cutting type (making screw-thread B23G)
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B23F 13/003
.
{
making worms of conical or barrel shape
}
B23F 13/006
. .
{
by grinding
}
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B23F 13/02
.
Making worms of cylindrical shape
B23F 13/04
. .
by grinding
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.
Making worms of globoidal shape
B23F 13/08
. .
by grinding
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Methods or machines for making gear wheels of special kinds not covered by groups B23F 7/00 to B23F 13/00
B23F 15/005
.
{
Making sprocket teeth
}
B23F 15/02
.
Making gear teeth on wheels of varying radius of operation, e.g. on elliptical wheels
B23F 15/04
.
Making fine-pitch gear teeth on clock wheels or the like by special machining
.
Making gear teeth on the front surface of wheels, e.g. for clutches or couplings with toothed faces
.
Making intermeshing rotors, e.g. of pumps
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Special methods or machines for making gear teeth, not covered by the preceding groups
B23F 17/001
.
{
for making gear pairs
}
B23F 17/003
.
{
for dry cutting
}
.
{
for machining tooth fillet or tooth root
}
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.
{
using different machines or machining operations
}
. .
{
Features relating to transfer of work gears between different work stations
}
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Finishing gear teeth by other tools than those used for manufacturing gear teeth
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B23F 19/002
.
{
Modifying the theoretical tooth flank form, e.g. crowning (B23F 19/10 takes precedence)
}
. .
{
using a face-mill-type tool, e.g. a milling or a grinding tool
}
B23F 19/007
. .
{
using a gear-shaped tool
}
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.
Lapping gear teeth
B23F 19/025
. .
{
Lapping bevel gears by making use of a correspondingly shaped counterpart
}
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B23F 19/04
. .
Lapping spur gears by making use of a correspondingly shaped counterpart
B23F 19/045
. . .
{
the counterpart having internal toothing
}
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.
Honing gear teeth
. .
{
by making use of a tool in the shape of a worm
}
B23F 19/055
. .
{
by making use of a tool in the shape of a bevel gear or a crown gear
}
. .
{
by making use of a tool in the shape of an internal gear
}
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.
Shaving the faces of gear teeth
. .
{
by making use of a tool in the shape of an internal gear
}
B23F 19/066
. .
{
with plural tools
}
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.
Chamfering the end edges of gear teeth
B23F 19/101
. .
{
by planing
}
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B23F 19/102
. .
{
by milling
}
B23F 19/104
. . .
{
the tool being a hob
}
B23F 19/105
. . .
{
the tool being an end mill
}
. . .
{
the tool being a fly cutter
}
B23F 19/108
. .
{
by brushing
}
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B23F 19/12
. .
by grinding
B23F 19/125
. . .
{
the tool being a grinding worm
}
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Tools specially adapted for use in machines for manufacturing gear teeth
B23F 21/005
.
{
with plural tools on a common axis
}
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.
Grinding discs; Grinding worms (truing grinding tools B24B; grinding tools in general B24D)
. .
{
Face-mill-type, i.e. cup-shaped, grinding wheels
}
. .
{
Grinding worms
}
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.
Honing tools
. .
{
Honing worms
}
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.
Planing or slotting tools
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B23F 21/043
. .
{
with inserted cutting elements
}
B23F 21/046
. . .
{
in exchangeable arrangement
}
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. .
having a profile which matches a gear tooth profile
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B23F 21/063
. . .
{
with inserted cutting elements
}
B23F 21/066
. . . .
{
in exchangeable arrangement
}
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. .
having the same profile as a tooth or teeth of a rack
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B23F 21/083
. . .
{
with inserted cutting elements
}
B23F 21/086
. . . .
{
in exchangeable arrangement
}
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. .
Gear-shaper cutters having a shape similar to a spur wheel or part thereof
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B23F 21/103
. . .
{
with inserted cutting elements
}
B23F 21/106
. . . .
{
in exchangeable arrangement
}
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.
Milling tools
. .
{
having a shape similar to that of a gear or part thereof, with cutting edges situated on the tooth contour lines
}
B23F 21/124
. .
{
with cutting teeth disposed on the inner periphery of a ring
}
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B23F 21/126
. .
{
with inserted cutting elements
}
B23F 21/128
. . .
{
in exchangeable arrangement
}
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. .
Profile cutters of disc type
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B23F 21/143
. . .
{
with inserted cutting elements
}
B23F 21/146
. . . .
{
in exchangeable arrangement
}
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. .
Hobs
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B23F 21/163
. . .
{
with inserted cutting elements
}
. . . .
{
in exchangeable arrangement
}
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. . .
Taper hobs, e.g. for bevel gears
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B23F 21/183
. . . .
{
with inserted cutting elements
}
B23F 21/186
. . . . .
{
in exchangeable arrangement
}
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. .
Fly cutters
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B23F 21/203
. . .
{
with inserted cutting elements
}
B23F 21/206
. . . .
{
in exchangeable arrangement
}
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. .
Face-mills for longitudinally-curved gear teeth
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B23F 21/223
. . .
{
with inserted cutting elements
}
. . . .
{
in exchangeable arrangement
}
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B23F 21/23
. . .
with cutter teeth arranged on a spiral curve for continuous generating processes
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B23F 21/233
. . . .
{
with inserted cutting elements
}
B23F 21/236
. . . . .
{
in exchangeable arrangement
}
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.
Broach-milling tools
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B23F 21/241
. .
{
with inserted cutting elements
}
B23F 21/243
. . .
{
in exchangeable arrangement
}
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B23F 21/245
. .
{
Face broach mills
}
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B23F 21/246
. . .
{
with inserted cutting elements
}
B23F 21/248
. . . .
{
in exchangeable arrangement
}
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.
Broaching tools
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B23F 21/262
. .
{
with inserted cutting elements (B23F 21/266 and B23F 21/268 take precedence)
}
B23F 21/264
. . .
{
in exchangeable arrangement
}
. .
{
mounted on an endless chain or belt
}
. .
{
Pot broaches
}
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.
Shaving cutters
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B23F 21/282
. .
{
with inserted cutting elements
}
B23F 21/284
. . .
{
in exchangeable arrangement
}
. .
{
having the shape of an internal gear
}
B23F 21/288
. .
{
the cutting edges on consecutive teeth being helically arranged
}
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Accessories or equipment combined with or arranged in, or specially designed to form part of, gear-cutting machines (tool-guiding mechanisms, see the relevant groups for making gear teeth; accessories or equipment not restricted to gear-cutting machines B23Q)
B23F 23/003
.
{
Generating mechanisms
}
.
{
Equipment for synchronising movement of cutting tool and workpiece, the cutting tool and workpiece not being mechanically coupled
}
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B23F 23/02
.
Loading,
{
unloading
}
or chucking arrangements for workpieces
. .
Loading
{
or unloading
}
arrangements
. .
Chucking arrangements
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B23F 23/08
.
Index mechanisms
B23F 23/085
. .
{
of the continuous type
}
.
Arrangements for compensating irregularities in drives or indexing mechanisms
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B23F 23/12
.
Other devices, e.g. tool holders; Checking devices for controlling workpieces in machines for manufacturing gear teeth
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. .
{
Tool mountings
}
B23F 23/1212
. . .
{
using fluid pressure means
}
. .
{
Checking devices for controlling workpieces in machines for manufacturing gear teeth
}
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. .
{
Arrangements of abrasive wheel dressing devices on gear-cutting machines (dressing devices per se B24B 53/00)
}
. . .
{
using a gear-shaped dressing tool
}
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B23F 23/1237
. .
{
Tool holders
}
. . .
{
Hob holders
}
. . .
{
Face mill holders
}
. . .
{
Rack cutter holders
}
. . .
{
Grinding disc holders; Disc-type milling-cutter holders
}
. . .
{
Face-mill-type grinding wheel holders
}
. . .
{
Grinding or honing worm holders
}
. . .
{
Honing, shaving or lapping tool holders
}
. . .
{
Pinion shaper cutter holders
}
B23F 23/1293
. .
{
Workpiece heads
}
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/10/2013