uspto.gov
Skip over navigation

Appendix II - List of Decisions Cited

A, Ex parte, 17 USPQ2d 1716 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1990) 716.02 , 2131.02

Abacab Int’l Computers Ltd., In re, 21 USPQ2d 1078 (Comm’r Pat. 1987) 323.01(b)

Abbott Laboratories v. Geneva Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 182 F.3d 1315, 51 USPQ2d 1307 (Fed. Cir. 1999) 2112 , 2133.03(c)

Abbott Labs. v. Syntron Bioreseach, Inc., 334 F.3d 1343 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2286

Abbott Laboratories v. Young, 920 F.2d 984, 17 USPQ2d 1027 (D.C. Cir. 1990) 2751

Abele, In re, 684 F.2d 902, 214 USPQ 682 (CCPA 1982) 2184

Ackermann, In re, 444 F.2d 1172, 170 USPQ 340 (CCPA 1971) 706.03(w)

ACTV, Inc. v. The Walt Disney Co., 346 F.3d 1082, 68 USPQ2d 1516 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2111.01

Adler v. Kluver, 159 USPQ 511 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1968) 715.05

Aelony v. Arni, 547 F.2d 566, 192 USPQ 486 (CCPA 1977) 2155.06 , 2301.03

AFG Industries, Inc. v. Cardinal IG Company, Inc., 239 F.3d 1239, 57 USPQ2d 1776 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 2111.03

A.F. Stoddard & Co. v. Dann, 564 F.2d 556, 195 USPQ 97 (D.C. Cir. 1977) 1412.04

Affidavit Filed After Final Registration, In re, 152 USPQ 292, 1966 C.D. 53 (Comm’r Pat. 1966) 2265 , 2665

Ahlert, In re, 424 F.2d 1088, 165 USPQ 418 (CCPA 1970) 2144.03

Ahrens v. Grey, 1931 C.D. 9, 402 O.G. 261 (Bd. App. 1929) 213.03

Ajinomoto Co. v. Archer-Daniels-Midland Co., 228 F.3d 1338, 56 USPQ2d 1332 (Fed. Cir. 2000), cert. denied, 121 S.Ct 1957 (2001) 2402

AK Steel Corp. v. Sollac, 344 F.3d 1234, 68 USPQ2d 1280 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2111.03 , 2161.01 , 2163 , 2164.08

Akron Brass Co. v. Elkhart Brass Mfg. Co., 353 F.2d 704, 147 USPQ 301 (7th Cir. 1965) 2133.03(e)(1)

Aktiebolaget Astra v. Lehman, 71 F.3d 1578, 37 USPQ2d 1212 (Fed. Cir. 1995) 2757

Akzo N.V. v. International Trade Comm’n, 808 F.2d 1471, 1 USPQ2d 1241 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 2131.02

Alappat, In re, 33 F.3d 1526, 31 USPQ2d 1545 (Fed. Cir. 1994) 2106 , 2181

Albertson, In re, 332 F.2d 379, 141 USPQ 730 (CCPA 1964) 2116.01

Albrecht, In re, 514 F.2d 1389, 185 USPQ 585 (CCPA 1975) 2144.09 , 2145

Alcon Laboratories Inc., In re, 13 USPQ2d 1115 (Comm’r Pat. & Tm. 1989) 2751 , 2755.01

Allen, Ex parte, 2 USPQ2d 1425 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1987) 2105

Allen Eng’g Corp. v. Bartell Indus., Inc., 299 F.3d 1336, 63 USPQ2d 1769 (Fed. Cir. 2002) 2133.03(e) , 2133.03(e)(4)

Allen & Hansbury Ltd., 227 USPQ 955 (Comm’r Pat. & Tm. 1985) 2756

Aller, In re, 220 F.2d 454, 105 USPQ 233 (CCPA 1955) 2144.05

Alpert v. Slatin, 305 F.2d 891, 134 USPQ 296 (CCPA 1962) 2138.04

Al-Site Corp. v. VSI International Inc., 174 F.3d 1308, 50 USPQ2d 1161 (Fed. Cir. 1999) 2181 , 2183 , 2184

Altiris Inc. v. Symantec Corp., 318 F.3d 1363, 65 USPQ2d 1865 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2111.01

Alton, In re, 76 F.3d 1168, 37 USPQ2d 1578 (Fed. Cir. 1996) 2145 , 2163 , 2163.06 , 2164.05

Altoona Publix Theatres v. American Tri-Ergon Corp., 294 U.S. 477, 24 USPQ 308 (1935) 1490

ALZA Corp. v. Andrx Pharms., LLC, 603 F.3d 935, 94 USPQ2d 1823 (Fed. Cir. 2010) 2161.01

Alza Corp. v. Mylan Laboratories, Inc., 464 F.3d 1286, 80 USPQ2d 1001 (Fed. Cir. 2006) 2143.01

Am. Fruit Growers, Inc. v. Brogdex Co., 283 U.S. 1, 51 S. Ct. 328, 75 L. Ed. 801, 1931 Dec. Comm'r Pat. 711 (1931) 2106

Amazon.com v. Barnesandnoble.com, 73 F. Supp. 2d 1228, 53 USPQ2d 1115 (W.D. Wash. 1999) 2128

American Academy of Science Tech. Center, In re, 367 F.3d 1359, 70 USPQ2d 1827 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2111 , 2111.01

American Infra-Red Radiant Co. v. Lambert Indus. Inc., 360 F.2d 977, 149 USPQ 722 (8th Cir. 1966) 901.05 , 2135.01

American Hoist & Derrick Co. v. Sowa & Sons, Inc., 725 F.2d 1350, 220 USPQ 763 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 410

American Seating Co. v. USSC Group, Inc., 514 F.3d 1262, 85 USPQ2d 1683 (Fed. Cir. 2008) 2152.02(c)

Amgen, Inc. v. Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., 927 F.2d 1200, 18 USPQ2d 1016 Fed. Cir. 1991) 2138 , 2138.04 , 2143.02 , 2163 , 2163.02 , 2164.08 , 2165.04 , 2173.05(b) , 2411.01

Amgen, Inc. v. Hoechst Marion Roussel, Inc., 126 F. Supp. 2d 69, 57 USPQ2d 1449 (D. Mass. 2001) 706.04

Amgen Inc. v. F. Hoffman-La Roche Ltd., 580 F.3d 1340, 92 USPQ2d 1289 (Fed. Cir. 2009) 2113

Amos, In re, 953 F.2d 613, 21 USPQ2d 1271 (Fed. Cir. 1991) 1412.01

Amp, In re, 212 USPQ 826 (Comm’r Pat. 1981) 2225 , 2625

Amphenol Corp. v. Gen’l Time Corp., 397 F.2d 431, 158 USPQ 113 (7th Cir. 1968) 2133.03(e)(1)

Anchor Hocking Corp. v. Eyelet Specialty Co., 377 F. Supp 98, 183 USPQ 87 (D. Del. 1974) 1504.06

Anderson, Ex parte, 21 USPQ2d 1241 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1991) 2173.05(b)

Anderson, In re, 471 F.2d 1237, 176 USPQ 331 (CCPA 1973) 2163.07 , 2181

Anderson’s-Black Rock Inc. v. Pavement Salvage Co., 396 U.S. 57, 163 USPQ 673 (1969) 716.01(a) , 2141 , 2143.01

Anderson v. Crowther, 152 USPQ 504 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1965) 2138.06

Andresen, Ex parte, 212 USPQ 100 (Bd. App. 1981) 2004 , 2137 , 2141.01

Andrew Corp. v. Gabriel Electronics, 847 F.2d 819, 6 USPQ2d 2010 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 2173.05(b)

Angstadt, In re, 537 F.2d 498, 190 USPQ 214 (CCPA 1976) 2164.01 , 2164.06 , 2164.08(b)

Anthony, Ex parte, 230 USPQ 467 (Bd. App. 1982), aff’d 770 F.2d 182 (Fed. Cir. 1985) (table) 1490

Anthony, In re, 414 F. 2d 1383, 162 USPQ 594 (CCPA 1969) 2107.01 , 2107.03

Antonie, In re, 559 F.2d 618, 195 USPQ 6 (CCPA 1977) 2141.02 , 2144.05

Aoyama, In re, 656 F.3d 1293 (Fed. Cir. 2011) 2181

A&P Tea Co. v. Supermarket Corp., 340 U.S. 147 (1950) 716.01(a)

Appeal, Decided 9/3/68, Ex parte, 866 O.G. 16 (Bd. App. 1968) 1504.02

Appeal No. 194-38, 152 USPQ 70, 1955 C.D. 31 (Bd. App. 1965) 901.05(b)

Appeal No 239-48, 151 USPQ 711, 1966 C.D. 22, 833 O.G. 10 (Bd. App. 1965) 1504.02

Appeal No. 242-47, 196 USPQ 828 (Bd. App. 1976) 901.05(b) , 2135.01

Appeal No. 315-40, Ex Parte, 152 USPQ 71 (Bd. App. 1965) 1504.05

Application Filed Nov. 16, 1945, In re, 89 USPQ 280, 1951 C.D. 1, 646 O.G. 5 (Comm’r Pat. 1951) 904.01(a)

Application of Takao, 17 USPQ2d 1155 (Comm’r Pat. 1990) 711.03(c)

Application Papers Filed Jan. 20, 1956, In re, 706 O.G. 4 (Comm’r Pat. 1956) 714.07

Application Papers Filed Sept. 10, 1954, In re, 108 USPQ 340 (Comm’r Pat. 1955) 409.03(c)

Applied Materials Inc. v. Gemini Research Corp., 835 F.2d 279, 15 USPQ2d 1816 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 2136.05 ,

Argoudelis, Ex parte, 157 USPQ 437 (Bd. App. 1967) 1214.03

Argoudelis, In re, 434 F.2d 1390, 168 USPQ 99 (CCPA 1970) 2164.06 , 2164.06(a) , 2402

Ariad Pharms., Inc. v. Eli Lilly & Co., 598 F.3d 1336, 94 USPQ2d 1161 (Fed. Cir. 2010)(en banc) 2161 , 2181

Aristocrat Technologies Australia PTY Ltd. v. International Game Technology, 521 F.3d 1328 (Fed. Cir. 2008) 2181

Armbruster, In re, 512 F. 2d 676, 185 USPQ 152 (CCPA 1975) 608.01(b) , 2161 , 2181

Armour & Co. v. Swift & Co., 466 F.2d 767, 175 USPQ 70 (7th Cir. 1972) 2001.06(b)

Armstrong, In re, 280 F.2d 132, 126 USPQ 281 (CCPA 1960) 716.02(e)

Arnold Partnership v. Dudas, 362 F.3d 1338, 70 USPQ2d 1311 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2751

Arnott, In re, 19 USPQ2d 1049 (Comm’r Pat. 1991) 1481

ArQule v. Kappos, 793 F. Supp. 2d 214 (D.D.C. 2011) 2732 , 2734

Arzberger, In re, 112 F.2d 834, 46 USPQ 32 (CCPA 1940) 1601

Asahi/America Inc., In re, 68 F.3d 442, 37 USPQ2d 1204 (Fed. Cir. 1995) 715.07

Asano, Ex parte, 201 USPQ 315 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1978) 1503.02

Ashland Oil, Inc. v. Delta Resins & Refractories, Inc., 776 F.2d 281, 227 USPQ 657 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 716.01(b) , 716.01(c) , 2145

Aslanian, In re, 590 F.2d 911, 200 USPQ 500 (CCPA 1979) 2125

Atlantic Thermoplastics Co. v. Faytex Corp., 970 F.2d 834, 23 USPQ2d 1481 (Fed. Cir. 1992) 2133.03(b) , 2133.03(c)

Atlas Powder Co. v. E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co., 750 F.2d 1569, 224 USPQ 409 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 2111.03 , 2164.01 , 2164.08(b)

Atlas Powder Co. v. IRECO, Inc., 190 F.3d 1342, 51 USPQ2d 1943 (Fed. Cir. 1999) 2112 , 2131.01 , 2131.05

Atmel Corp. v. Information Storage Devices Inc., 198 F.3d 1374, 53 USPQ2d 1225 (Fed. Cir. 1999) 2181

Atofina v. Great Lakes Chemical Corp, 441 F.3d 991 USPQ2d 1417 (Fed. Cir. 2006) 2131.03

Attig, Ex parte, 7 USPQ2d 1092 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1986) 2173.05(b)

Auto. Techs. Int’l, Inc. v. BMW of N. Am.,Inc., 501 F.3d 1274, 84 USPQ2d 1108 (Fed. Cir. 2007) 2161.01

Autogiro Co. of America v. United States, 384 F.2d 391,155 USPQ 697 (Ct. Cl. 1967) 2163

Automatic Weighing Mach. Co. v. Pneumatic Scale Corp., 166 F.2d 288, 1909 C.D. 498, 139 O.G. 991 (1st Cir. 1909) 715.07

Avia Group International, Inc. v. L.A. Gear California, Inc., 853 F.2d 1557, 7 USPQ2d 1548 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 1504.01(c) , 1504.03

Ayers, Ex parte, 108 USPQ 444 (Bd. App. 1955) 608.04(a)

Azar v. Burns, 188 USPQ 601 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1975) 2138.05

Badger, Ex parte, 1901 C.D. 195, 97 O.G. 1596 (Comm’r Pat. 1901) 608.02(f)

Baird, In re, 16 F.3d 380, 29 USPQ2d 1550 (Fed. Cir. 1994) 2144.05 , 2144.08 , 2163

Baker Hughes, Inc. v. Kirk, 921 F. Supp. 801, 38 USPQ2d 1885 (D.D.C. 1995) 1410.01 , 1412.04

Ball Corp., In re, 925 F.2d 1480, 18 USPQ2d 1491 (Fed. Cir. 1991) 2145

Ball Corp. v. United States, 729 F.2d 1429, 221 USPQ 289 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 1412.02 , 1490

Balzarini, Ex parte, 21 USPQ2d 1892 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1991) 2107.03

Bancorp Services, L.L.C. v. Hartford Life Ins. Co., 359 F.3d 1367, 69 USPQ2d 1996 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2173.02

Bandel, In re, 348 F.2d 563, 146 USPQ 389 (CCPA 1965) 715

Barber, Ex parte, 187 USPQ 244 (Bd. App. 1974) 2173.05(j)

Barber, In re, 81 F.2d 231, 28 USPQ 187 (CCPA 1936) 804

Barker, In re, 559 F.2d 588, 194 USPQ 470 (CCPA 1977) 2161 , 2163

Barmag Barmer Maschinenfabrik AG v. Murata Mach., Ltd., 731 F.2d 831, 221 USPQ 561 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 2133.03(b)

Barr, In re, 444 F.2d 588, 170 USPQ 330 (CCPA 1971) 2173.05(a) , 2173.05(g) , 2173.05(i)

Bartfeld, Ex parte, 16 USPQ2d 1714 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1990) 2136.01

Bartfeld, In re, 925 F.2d 1450, 17 USPQ2d 1885 (Fed. Cir. 1991) 706.02(f)(2) , 706.02(i) , 804 , 804.03 , 2136.01 , 2136.05 , 2141.01

Bartlett, In re, 300 F.2d 942, 133 USPQ 204 (CCPA 1962) 1504.02

Basmadjian v. Landry, 54 USPQ2d 1617, (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1997) 2305

Bass, In re, 314 F.3d 575, 65 USPQ2d 1156 (Fed. Cir. 2002) 2258.01

Bass, In re, 474 F.2d 1276, 177 USPQ 178 (CCPA 1973) 715 , 2004 , 2138 , 2138.03

Bauman, In re, 683 F.2d 405, 214 USPQ 585 (CCPA 1982) 1451

B.E. Myers & Co. v. United States, 56 USPQ2d 1110 (US CtFedCls 2000) 1412.02

Bausch & Lomb v. Barnes-Hind/Hydrocurve, Inc., 796 F.2d 443, 230 USPQ 416 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 2141.02

Baxter Diagnostics v. AVL Scientific Corp., 798 F. Supp. 612, 25 USPQ2d 1428 (C.D., Cal. 1992) 2751

Baxter, In re, 656 F.2d 679, 210 USPQ 795 (CCPA 1987) 2111.03

Baxter International Inc., In re, 678 F.3d 1357, 102 USPQ2d 1925 (Fed. Cir. 2012) 2242 , 2686.04

Baxter Travenol Labs., In re, 952 F.2d 388, 21 USPQ2d 1281 (Fed. Cir. 1991) 2131.01 , 2145

Bayer, In re, 568 F.2d 1357, 196 USPQ 670 (CCPA 1978) 2128.01 , 2152.02(e)

B. Braun Medical, Inc. v. Abbott Labs, 124 F.3d 1419, 43 USPQ2d 1896 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 2163 , 2181 , 2182

Beattie, In re, 974 F.2d 1309, 24 USPQ2d 1040 (Fed. Cir. 1992) 716.01(c) , 2145

Beck, In re, 155 F.2d 398, 69 USPQ 520 (CCPA 1946) 715.01(b)

Beckman Instruments v. LKB Produkter AB, 892 F.2d 1547, 13 USPQ2d 1301 (Fed. Cir. 1989) 2121.01 , 2158

Beech Aircraft Corp. v. EDO Corp., 990 F.2d 1237, 26 USPQ2d 1572 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 301

Beineke, In re, 690 F.3d 1344, 103 USPQ2d 1872 (Fed. Cir. 2012) 1601

Bell Communications Research, Inc. v. Vitalink Communications Corp., 55 F.3d 615, 34 USPQ2d 1816 (Fed. Cir. 1995) 2111.02 , 2163

Bell, In re, 991 F.2d 781, 26 USPQ2d 1529 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 2144.08 , 2144.09 , 2163

Benger Labs. Ltd. v. R.K. Laros Co., 209 F. Supp. 639, 135 USPQ 11 (E.D. Pa. 1966) 2165

Benke, Ex parte, 1904 C.D. 63, 108 O.G. 1588 (Comm’r Pat. 1904) 811.02

Bennage v. Phillippi, 1876 C.D. 135, 9 O.G. 1159 (Comm’r Pat. 1876) 1504.01(d)

Bennett, In re, 766 F.2d 524, 226 USPQ 413 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 706.03(x) , 1403 , 1412.03

Benno, In re, 768 F.2d 1340, 226 USPQ 683 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2163 , 2163.06

Benson, In re, 122 USPQ 279, 1959 C.D. 5, 744 O.G. 353 (Comm’r Pat. 1959) 714.07

Berg, In re, 140 F.3d 1428, 46 USPQ2d 1226 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 804

Berger, In re, 279 F.3d 975, 61 USPQ2d 1523 (Fed. Cir. 2002) 2304.02(c)

Bergstrom, In re, 427 F.2d 1394, 166 USPQ 256 (CCPA 1970) 2144.04

Berkman, In re, 642 F.2d 427, 209 USPQ 45 (CCPA 1981) 1504.04 , 1504.20

Berman v. Housey, 291 F.3d 1345, 63 USPQ2d 1023 (Fed. Cir. 2002) 2303

Bernhardt, L.L.C. v. Collezione Europa USA, Inc., 386 F.3d 1371, 72 USPQ2d, 1901 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2133.03(a)

Bernhart, In re, 417 F.2d 1395, 163 USPQ 611 (CCPA 1969) 2173.05(j)

Berry Sterling Corp. v. Pescor Plastics Inc., 122 F.3d 1452, 43 USPQ2d 1953 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 1504.01(c)

Bertsch, In re, 132 F.2d 1014, 56 USPQ 379 (CCPA 1942) 2111.03

Best, In re, 562 F.2d 1252, 195 USPQ 430 (CCPA 1977) 2112 , 2112.01 , 2112.02 , 2114

Bey v. Kollonitsch, 806 F.2d 1024, 231 USPQ 967 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 2138.06

BIC Leisure Prods., Inc., v. Windsurfing Int’l, Inc., 1 F.3d 1214, 27 USPQ2d 1671 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 1460

Biesecker, Ex parte, 144 USPQ 129 (Bd. App. 1964) 715.02 , 715.03

Bigham v. Godtfredsen, 857 F.2d 1415, 8 USPQ2d 1266 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 2138.01 , 2138.05

Bigio, In re, 381 F.3d 1320, 72 USPQ2d 1209 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2141.01(a)

Billottet, Ex parte, 192 USPQ 413 (Bd. App. 1976) 2137

Bilski, In re, 545 F.3d 943, 954, 88 USPQ2d 1835 (Fed. Cir. 2008) 2106 , 2106.01

Bilski v. Kappos, 561 U.S. ___, 130 S. Ct. 3218, 95 USPQ2d 1001 (2010) , 2103 , 2106

Bindra v. Kelly, 206 USPQ 570 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1979) 2138.05

Biomedino, LLC v. Waters Technology Corp., 490 F.3d 946, 952, 83 USPQ2d 1118, 1123 (Fed. Cir. 2007) 2181 , 2185

Bird Provision Co. v. Owens Country Sausage, Inc., 568 F.2d 369, 197 USPQ 134 (5th Cir. 1978) 2133.03(a)

Birmingham v. Randall, 171 F.2d 957, 80 USPQ 371 (CCPA 1948) 2138.05

Blackboard, Inc. v. Desire2Learn, Inc., 574 F.3d 1371 (Fed. Cir. 2009) 2181

Black & Decker, Inc. v. Pittway Corp., 636 F.2d 1193, 231 USPQ 252 (N.D. Ill. 1986) 1504.02

Blacklight Power, Inc. v. Rogan, 295 F.3d 1269, 63 USPQ2d 1534 (Fed. Cir. 2002) 1134 , 1308

Blaisdell, In re, 242 F.2d 779, 113 USPQ 289 (CCPA 1957) 2133.03(a) , 2133.03(b) , 2133.03(e)(3) , 2133.03(e)(5)

Blake, In re, 358 F.2d 750, 149 USPQ 217 (CCPA 1966) 715.07

Blanc, Ex parte, 13 USPQ2d 1383 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1989) 716.02(c) , 2143.02

Bland, Ex parte, 3 USPQ2d 1103 (Bd. Pat App. & Inter. 1986) 2141.01(a)

Blattner, Ex parte, 2 USPQ2d 2047 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1987) 2144.09

Blisscraft of Hollywood v. United Plastic Co., 189 F. Supp 333, 127 USPQ 452 (S.D.N.Y. 1960) 1504.01(c)

Blondel, In re, 499 F.2d 1311, 182 USPQ 294 (CCPA 1974) 716.02(b)

Blonder-Tongue Labs., Inc. v. Univ. of Ill., Foundation, 402 U.S. 313, 169 USPQ 513 (1971) 2012.01

Blout, In re, 333 F.2d 928, 142 USPQ 173 (CCPA 1964) 715

Blum, In re, 374 F.2d 904, 153 USPQ 177 (CCPA 1967) 1503.01 , 1503.02 ,

Blumcraft of Pittsburgh v. Ladd, 238 F. Supp. 648, 144 USPQ 562 (D.D.C. 1965) 1504.05 , 1504.06

Board of Education ex rel. Board of Trustees of Florida State Univ. v. American Bioscience Inc., 333 F.3d 1330, 67 USPQ2d 1252 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2137.01

Boeing Co. v. Comm’r Pat., 853 F.2d 878, 7 USPQ2d 1487 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 2279

Boesch, In re, 617 F.2d 272, 205 USPQ 215 (CCPA 1980) 716.02(b) , 2144.05

Bogese, In re, 303 F.3d 1362, 64 USPQ2d 1448 (Fed. Cir. 2002) 2190

Bogoslowsky v. Huse, 142 F.2d 75, 61 USPQ 349 (CCPA 1944) 2138.03

Bolkcom v. Carborundum Co., 523 F.2d 492, 187 USPQ 446 (6th Cir. 1975) 2003

Bond, In re, 910 F.2d 831, 15 USPQ2d 1566 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 2131 , 2152.02(b) , 2183 , 2184

Bondiou, Ex parte, 132 USPQ 356 (Bd. App. 1961) 2163.07

Bonito Boats, Inc. v. Thunder Craft Boats, Inc., 489 U.S. 141, 9 USPQ2d 1847 (1989) 2133.02

Borden, In re, 90 F.3d 1570, 39 USPQ2d 1524 (Fed. Cir. 1996) 1504.03

Borkowski, In re, 422 F.2d 904, 164 USPQ 642 (CCPA 1970) 707.07(l) , 2164.02 , 2174

Borkowski, In re, 505 F.2d 713, 184 USPQ 29 (CCPA 1974) 715.07

Bose Corp. v. JBL, Inc., 274 F.3d 1354, 61 USPQ2d 1216 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 2173.05

Bosies v. Benedict, 27 F.3d 539, 30 USPQ2d 1862 (Fed. Cir. 1994) 2138.04

Bostwick, In re, 102 F.2d 886, 41 USPQ 279 (CCPA 1939) 1449.02

Bosy, In re, 360 F.2d 972, 149 USPQ 789 (CCPA 1966) 2165.01

Bourne v. Jones, 114 F. Supp 413, 98 USPQ 206 (S.D. Fla. 1951) 2133.03(e)(7)

Bowen, In re, 492 F.2d 859, 181 USPQ 48 (CCPA 1974) 2164.04

Bowers, In re, 359 F.2d 886, 149 USPQ 570 (CCPA 1966) 706.02(l)(2) , 804

Bowser Inc. v. United States, 388 F.2d 346, 156 USPQ 406 (Ct. Cl. 1967) 2141

Bowyer, Ex parte, 42 USPQ 526, 1939 C.D. 5, 505 O.G. 759 (Comm’r Pat. 1939) 715.07(b)

Braat, In re, 937 F.2d 589, 19 USPQ2d 1289 (Fed. Cir. 1991) 804

Brader v. Schaeffer, 193 USPQ 627 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1976) 2137.01

Braithwaite, In re, 379 F.2d 594, 154 USPQ 29 (CCPA 1967) 804 , 804.02 , 806.04(i)

Brana, In re, 51 F.3d 1560, 34 USPQ2d 1436 (Fed. Cir. 1995) 2107.01 , 2107.03 , 2164.01(c) , 2107.02 , 2164.02 , 2164.04 , 2164.07

Brandstadter, In re, 484 F.2d 1395, 179 USPQ 286 (CCPA 1973) 716.01(c) , 716.09 , 2164.05 , 2164.06(c)

Brasseler, U.S.A. I, L.P. v. Stryker Sales Corp., 267 F.3d 1370, 60 USPQ2d 1482 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 2001.06

Brenner v. Ebbert, 398 F.2d 762, 157 USPQ 609 (D.C. Cir. 1968) 711.03(c)

Brenner v. Manson, 383 U.S. 519, 148 USPQ 689 (1966) 2103 , 2107.01 , 2107.02

Brenner v. State of Israel, 400 F.2d 789, 158 USPQ 584 (D.C. Cir. 1968) 214 , 216.01 , 1402 , 1417 , 1444

Breslow, In re, 616 F.2d 516, 205 USPQ 221 (CCPA 1980) 2164.01(b)

Brian, Ex parte, 118 USPQ 242 (Bd. App. 1958) 2173.05(t)

Bridgeford, In re, 357 F.2d 679, 149 USPQ 55 (CCPA 1966) 806.05(f)

Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. v. Pharmachemie BV, 361 F.3d 1343, 70 USPQ2d 1097 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 804.01 , 819

Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. v. Rhone Poulenc Rorer, Inc., 326 F.3d 1226, 66 USPQ2d 1481 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2001.04

Brookhill-Wilk 1, LLC v. Intuitive Surgical, Inc., 334 F.3d 1294, 67 USPQ2d 1132 (Fed. Cir. 2003) , 2111.01

Brooktree Corp. v. Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., 977 F.2d 1555, 24 USPQ2d 1401 (Fed. Cir. 1992) 2107.01

Broos v. Barton, 142 F.2d 690, 61 USPQ 447 (CCPA 1944) 2138.06

Brouwer, In re, 77 F.3d 422, 37 USPQ2d 1663 (Fed. Cir. 1996) 706.02(n) , 2116.01 , 2144.08 , 2158

Brower, In re, 433 F.2d 813, 167 USPQ 684 (CCPA 1970) 2172

Brown, In re, 459 F.2d 531, 173 USPQ 685 (CCPA 1972) 2113 , 2183

Brown, In re, 477 F.2d 946, 177 USPQ 691 (CCPA 1973) 2161.01 , 2164.06(c)

Brown v. 3M, 265 F.3d 1349, 60 USPQ2d 1375 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 2131

Bruckelmyer v. Ground Heaters, Inc., 445 F. 3d 1374, 78 USPQ2d 1684 (Fed. Cir. 2006) 2127 , 2152.02(e)

Brummer, Ex parte, 12 USPQ2d 1653 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1989) 2173.05(b)

Buchner, In re, 929 F.2d 660, 18 USPQ2d 1331 (Fed. Cir. 1991) 716.09 , 2107.02 , 2164.01 , 2164.05 , 2164.05(a) , 2164.08

Budde v. Harley-Davidson, Inc., 250 F.3d 1369, 58 USPQ2d 1801 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 2181 , 2182

Budnick, In re, 537 F.2d 535, 190 USPQ 422 (CCPA 1976) 2164.05(a) , 2164.06(c)

Buildex v. Kason Indus., 849 F.2d 1461, 7 USPQ2d 1325 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 2133.03(b)

Bundy, In re, 642 F.2d 430, 209 USPQ 48 (CCPA 1981) 2107.02 , 2164.04 , 2164.06(b) , 2164.07 , 2165.04

Burckel, In re, 592 F.2d 1175, 201 USPQ 67 (CCPA 1979) 716.02(e)

Burhans, In re, 154 F.2d 690, 69 USPQ 330 (CCPA 1946) 2144.04

Burlington Industries Inc. v. Quigg, 822 F.2d 1581, 3 USPQ2d 1436 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 716.05

Burroughs Wellcome Co. v. Barr Labs., Inc., 40 F.3d 1223, 32 USPQ2d 1915 (Fed. Cir. 1994) 2138.04 , 2163

Burr v. Duryee, 68 U.S. (1 Wall.) 531, 17 L. Ed. 650 (1863) 2106

Burrowes, Ex parte, 1904 C.D. 155, 110 O.G. 599 (Comm’r Pat. 1904) 1214.01 , 2682

Busse, Ex parte, 1 USPQ2d 1908 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1986) 2107.03

Buszard, 504 F.3d 1364 (Fed. Cir. 2007) 2111

Butera, In re, 1 F.3d 1252, 28 USPQ2d 1399 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 2141.01(a)

Buting, In re, 418 F.2d 540, 163 USPQ 689 (CCPA 1969) 2107.03

C, Ex parte, 27 USPQ2d 1492 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1992) 716.02(b) , 2133.03(a)

Cable Electric Products, Inc. v. Genmark, Inc., 770 F.2d 1015, 226 USPQ 881 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 716.03(b) , 716.06 , 1504.03

Cady, Ex parte, 1916 C.D. 62, 232 O.G. 621 (Comm’r Pat. 1916) 1502 , 1504.04

Caldwell, Ex parte, 1906 C.D. 58 (Comm’r Pat. 1906) 2173.05(b)

California Research Corp. v. Ladd, 356 F.2d 813, 148 USPQ 404 (D.C. Cir. 1966) 1216.02

Callicrate vs. Wadsworth Mfg., Inc., 427 F.3d 1361, 77 USPQ2d 1041 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2164.01

Capon v. Eshhar, 418 F.3d 1349, 76 USPQ2d 1078 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2161.01 , 2163

Card, Ex parte, 1904 C.D. 383 (Comm’r Pat. 1904) 2301.03

Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc. v. St. Jude Med., Inc., 296 F.3d 1106, 63 USPQ2d 1725 (Fed. Cir. 2002) 2181 , 2182

Carella v. Starlight Archery, 804 F.2d 135, 231 USPQ 644 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 2128 , 2132 , 2152.02(c)

Carl Zeiss Stiftung v. Renishaw PLC, 945 F.2d 1173, 20 USPQ2d 1094 (Fed. Cir. 1991) 2107.01 , 2107.02

Carletti, In re, 328 F.2d 1020, 140 USPQ 653 (CCPA 1964) 1504.01(c)

Carlson, In re, 983 F.2d 1032, 25 USPQ2d 1207 (Fed. Cir. 1992) 2126 , 2152.02(a)

Carman Indus. Inc. v. Wahl, 724 F.2d 932, 220 USPQ 481 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 804 , 1504.06

Carreira, In re, 532 F.2d 1356, 189 USPQ 461 (CCPA 1976) 716.10 , 2136.05

Carroll, In re, 601 F.2d 1184, 202 USPQ 571 (CCPA 1979) 716.01(c)

Carter, In re, 673 F.2d 1378, 213 USPQ 625 (CCPA 1982) 1504.03

Carter-Wallace, Inc. v. Riverton Labs., Inc., 433 F.2d 1034, 167 USPQ 656 (2d Cir. 1970) 2165.01

Case v. CPC Int’l Inc., 730 F.2d 745, 221 USPQ 196 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 2301.03

Casey, In re, 370 F.2d 576, 152 USPQ 235 (CCPA 1967) 2115

Catalina Mktg. Int’l v. Coolsavings.com, Inc., 289 F.3d 801, 62 USPQ2d 1781(Fed. Cir. 2002) 2111.02

Catan, Ex parte, 83 USPQ2d 1569 (Bd. Pat. App. & Int. 2007) 2143.01

Cataphote Corp. v. Desoto Chem. Coatings, Inc., 356 F.2d 24, 148 USPQ 229 (9th Cir.) 2133.03(e)(1)

Caterpillar Inc. v. Deere & Co., 224 F.3d 1374, 56 USPQ2d 1305 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 2183 , 2184

Caterpillar Inc. v. Detroit Diesel Corp., 961 F. Supp. 1249, 41 USPQ2d 1876 (N.D. Ind. 1996) 2181

Caterpillar Tractor Co. v. Comm’r Pat., 650 F. Supp. 218, 231 USPQ 590 (E.D. Va. 1986) 1850

Cavanagh, In re, 436 F.2d 491, 168 USPQ 466 (CCPA 1971) 716.04

Caveney, In re, 761 F.2d 671, 226 USPQ 1 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2133.03(b)

Celeritas Technologies Ltd. v. Rockwell International Corp., 150 F.3d 1354, 47 USPQ2d 1516 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 2123 , 2131.05

Certain Limited-Charge Cell Culture Microcarriers, 221 USPQ 1165 (Int’l Trade Comm’n 1983), 2164.01

CFMT, Inc. v. Yieldup Int ’l Corp., 349 F.3d 1333, 68 USPQ2d 1940 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2164

Chandler, In re, 319 F.2d 211, 138 USPQ 138 (CCPA 1963) 2173.05(n)

Chapman, In re, 357 F.2d 418, 148 USPQ 711 (CCPA 1966) 716.02(e)

Chef America, Inc. v. Lamb-Weston, Inc., 358 F.3d 1371, 69 USPQ2d 1857 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2111.01

Chemcast Corp. v. Acro Indus. Corp., 913 F.2d 923, 16 USPQ2d 1033 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 2107.01 , 2161.01 , 2165.03 , 2411.01

Chemithon Corp. v. Procter & Gamble Co., 287 F. Supp 291, 159 USPQ 139 (D. Md. 1968) 2133.03(a)

Chevenard, In re, 139 F.2d 71, 60 USPQ 239 (CCPA 1943) 2144.03

Chicago Historical Antique Auto. Museum, Inc., In re, 197 USPQ 289 (Comm’r Pat. 1978) 513

Chicago Rawhide Mfg. Co., Ex parte, 223 USPQ 351 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1984) 2144.04 , 2241 , 2258.01 , 2642

Chicopee Mfg. Corp. v. Columbus Fiber Mills Co., 165 F. Supp. 307, 118 USPQ 53 (M.D. Ga. 1958) 2133.03(e)(1)

Chiddix, In re, 209 USPQ 78 (Comm’r Pat. 1980) 1205.02

Chilowski, In re, 229 F.2d 457, 108 USPQ 321 (CCPA 1956) 2107.01 , 2107.02 , 2107.03 , 2164.02 , 2164.07

Chilowsky, In re, 306 F.2d 908, 134 USPQ 515 (CCPA 1962) 716.01(c)

Chiron v. Corp. v. Genentech Inc., 363 F.3d 1247, 70 USPQ2d 1321 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2164.03 , 2164.05(a)

Chiuminatta Concrete Concepts, Inc. v. Cardinal Indus. Inc., 145 F.3d 1303, 46 USPQ2d 1752 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 2183 , 2184

Chore-Time Equipment, Inc. v. Cumberland Corp., 713 F.2d 774, 218 USPQ 673 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 2141.03

Christensen, In re, 330 F.2d 652, 141 USPQ 295 (CCPA 1964) 804.03

Chromalloy American Corp. v. Alloy Surfaces Co., 339 F.Supp 859, 173 USPQ 295 (D. Del. 1972) 2004 , 2012 , 2016

Chu, In re, 66 F.3d 292, 36 USPQ2d 1089 (Fed. Cir. 1995) 211.05 , 716.02(f) , 1504.20 , 2145 ,

Chupp, In re, 816 F.2d 643, 2 USPQ2d 1437 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 716.01(d) , 716.02(a) , 2145

Ciric v. Flanigen, 511 F.2d 1182, 185 USPQ 103 (CCPA 1975) 2138.05

Citron, In re, 325 F.2d 248, 139 USPQ 516 (CCPA 1963) 2107.01 , 2107.02 , 2107.03

Clamp, In re, 151 USPQ 423 (Comm’r Pat. 1966) 213.03

Clapp, Ex parte, 227 USPQ 972 (Bd. Pat. App & Inter. 1985) 706.02(j) , 2144

Clark, Ex parte, 174 USPQ 40 (Bd. App. 1971) 2173.05(o)

Clark, In re, 522 F.2d 623, 187 USPQ 209 (CCPA 1975) 2012 , 2012.01 , 2016

Clark, In re, 457 F.2d 1004, 173 USPQ 359 (CCPA 1972) 715.05

Clarke, In re, 356 F.2d 987, 148 USPQ 665 (CCPA 1966) 715.03

Clay, In re, 966 F.2d 656, 23 USPQ2d 1058 (Fed. Cir. 1992) 2144.08

ClearValue Inc. v. Pearl River Polymers Inc., 668 F.3d 1340 (Fed. Cir. 2012) 2131.03

Clemens, In re, 622 F.2d 1029, 206 USPQ 289 (CCPA 1980) 716.02(d) , 2145

Clement, In re, 131 F.3d 1464, 45 USPQ2d 1161 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 1412.02

Clifford, Ex parte, 49 USPQ 152 (Bd. App. 1940) 901.02

Clinical Products Ltd. v. Brenner, 255 F. Supp. 131, 149 USPQ 475 (D.D.C. 1966) 706.03(d) , 2173.05(q)

Cloud v. Standard Packaging Corp., 376 F.2d 384, 153 USPQ 317 (7th Cir. 1967) 2133.03(e)(1)

Coca-Cola Co. v. Gemini Rising Inc., 346 F. Supp. 1183, 175 USPQ 56 (E.D.N.Y. 1972) 1512

Cochrane v. Deener, 94 U.S. 780, 24 L.Ed. 139, 1877 Dec. Comm'r Pat. 242 (1876) 2106

Cofer, In re, 354 F.2d 664, 148 USPQ 268 (CCPA 1966) 2144.04

Cogar v. Schuyler, 464 F.2d 747, 173 USPQ 389 (D.C. Cir. 1972) 409.03(i)

Cohn, In re, 438 F.2d 984, 169 USPQ 95 (CCPA 1971) 2173.03

Colbert v. Lofdahl, 21 USPQ2d 1068 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1991) 2138.02

Cole, In re, 326 F.2d 769, 140 USPQ 230 (CCPA 1964) 2164.06(c)

Cole v. Kimberly-Clark Corp., 102 F.3d 524, 41 USPQ2d 1001 (Fed. Cir. 1996) 2181

Coleman v. Dines, 754 F.2d 353, 224 USPQ 857 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2138.04

Colianni, In re, 561 F.2d 220, 195 USPQ 150 (CCPA 1977) 2164.06 , 2164.06(b)

Collier, In re, 397 F.2d 1003, 158 USPQ 266 (CCPA 1968) 2163 , 2163.05 , 2172.01 , 2173.05(k)

Comstock, In re, 481 F.2d 905, 178 USPQ 616 (CCPA 1973) 2164.06(c)

Comstock, Ex parte, 1923 C.D. 82, 317 O.G. 4 (Comm’r Pat. 1923) 1214.01 , 2682

Consolidated Aluminum Corp. v. Foseco Inc., 910 F.2d 804, 15 USPQ2d 1481 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 2165

Consolidated Edison Co. v. NLRB , 305 U.S. 197 (1938) 1216.01

Consolidated Fruit-Jar Co. v. Wright, 94 U.S. 92 (1876) 2133.03(b)

Constant, In re, 827 F.2d 728, 3 USPQ2d 1479 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 1414

Constant v. Advanced Micro-Devices, Inc., 848 F.2d 1560, 7 USPQ2d 1057 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 706.02 , 2128.02 , 2129 , 2145 , 2152.03

Continental Can Co., Inc. v. Schuyler, 326 F. Supp 283, 168 USPQ 625 (D.D.C. 1970) 1216.01

Continental Can Co. v. Monsanto Co., 948 F.2d 1264, 20 USPQ2d 1746 (Fed. Cir. 1991) 2131.01

Cook, In re, 439 F.2d 730, 169 USPQ 298 (CCPA 1971) 2164.03 , 2164.08(b)

Cooper v. Goldfarb, 154 F.3d 1321, 47 USPQ2d 1896 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 2163

Cooper v. Goldfarb, 240 F.3d 1378, 57 USPQ2d 1990 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 2138.05

Cooper, In re, 230 USPQ 638 (Dep. Assist. Comm’r Pat. 1986) 201.03

Copenhaver, Ex parte, 109 USPQ 118 (Bd. App. 1955) 2173.05(b)

Corba, In re, 212 USPQ 825 (Comm’r Pat. 1981) 1504.20

Cordova, Ex parte, 10 USPQ2d 1949 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1989) 2173.05(h)

Corkill, In re, 711 F.2d 1496, 226 USPQ 1005 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 716.02(a) , 2107.02

Cormany, In re, 476 F.2d 998, 177 USPQ 450 (CCPA 1973) 2172

Corneil, In re, 347 F.2d 563, 145 USPQ 702 (CCPA 1965) 2124

Corning Glass Works v. Sumitomo Elec. U.S.A., Inc., 868 F.2d 1251, 9 USPQ2d 1962 (Fed. Cir. 1989) 2111.02 , 2163

Corning v. Burden, 56 U.S. (15 How.) 252, 14 L.Ed. 683 (1854) 2106

Cornwall, In re, 230 F.2d 457, 109 USPQ 57 (CCPA 1956) 1504.02 , 1504.03

Correge v. Murphy, 705 F.2d 1326, 217 USPQ 753 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 2138.03

Cortright, In re, 165 F.3d 1353, 49 USPQ2d 1464 (Fed. Cir. 1999) 2111 , 2164.04

Costello, In re, 717 F.2d 1346, 219 USPQ 389 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 716.10 , 2136.05 , 2137 , 2138 , 2138.04 , 2138.05

Craig, In re, 411 F.2d 1333, 162 USPQ 157 (CCPA 1969) 706.03(w)

Crish, In re, 393 F.3d 1253, 73 USPQ2d 1364 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2111.03 , 2112

Critikon, Inc. v. Becton Dickinson Vascular Access, Inc., 120 F.3d 1253, 43 USPQ2d 1666 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 2001.06(c)

Crockett, In re, 279 F.2d 274, 126 USPQ 186 (CCPA 1960) 2144.06

Cross Med. Prods., Inc. v. Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Inc., 424 F.3d 1293, 76 USPQ2d 1662 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2144

Cronyn, In re, 890 F.2d 1158, 13 USPQ2d 1070 (Fed. Cir.1989) 2128.01 , 2152.02(e)

Crosby, In re, 157 F.2d 198, 71 USPQ 73 (CCPA 1946) 716.07

Cross v. Iizuka, 753 F.2d 1040, 224 USPQ 739 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2107.01 , 2107.03 , 2164.02

Crossman, In re, 187 USPQ 367 (PTO Solicitor 1975) 103

Cruciferous Sprout Litig., In re, 301 F.3d 1343, 64 USPQ2d 1202 (Fed. Cir. 2002) 2111.02

Crystal Semiconductor Corp. v. TriTech Microelectronics Int’l Inc., 246 F.3d 1336, 57 USPQ2d 1953 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 2111.03

CTS Corp. v. Electro Materials Corp. of America, 469 F. Supp. 801, 202 USPQ 22 (S.D. N.Y. 1979) 2133.03(b)

CTS Corp. v. Piher Int’l Corp., 593 F.2d 777, 201 USPQ 649 (7th Cir. 1979) 2133.03(d)

Curtis, In re, 354 F.3d 1347, 69 USPQ2d 1274 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2163 , 2163.05

Custom Accessories, Inc. v. Jeffrey-Allan Industries, Inc., 807 F.2d 955, 962, USPQ2d 1196, 1201 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 2141.03

Dailey, In re, 357 F.2d 669, 149 USPQ 47 (CCPA 1966) 2144.04

Dale Electronics Inc. v. R.C.L. Electronics, 488 F.2d 382, 180 USPQ 225 (1st Cir. 1973) 2004

Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders, Inc. v. Pussycat Cinema, Ltd., 604 F.2d 200, 203 USPQ 161 (2d Cir. 1979) 1512

Dana Corp. v. IPC Ltd. Partnership, 860 F.2d 415, 8 USPQ2d 1692 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 2165.04

Dance, In re, 160 F.3d 1339, 48 USPQ2d 1635 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 2143.01

Daniels, In re, 144 F.3d 1452, 46 USPQ2d 1788 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 1503.02 , 1504.04

Danly, In re, 263 F.2d 844, 120 USPQ 528 (CCPA 1959) 2114

Dann v. Johnston, 425 U.S. 219, 189 USPQ 257 (1976) 716.01(a) , 2141 , 2141.03

Dart Indus. v. Banner, 636 F.2d 684, 207 USPQ 273 (C.A.D.C. 1980) 201.06(c) , 211.02 , 211.02(a)

Dart Indus. v. E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., 489 F.2d 1359, 179 USPQ 392 (7th Cir. 1973) 2133.03 , 2133.03(c)

Data Line Corp. v. Micro Technologies, Inc., 813 F.2d 1196, 1 USPQ2d 2052 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 2183 , 2184

Datamize LLC v. Plumtree Software, Inc., 417 F.3d 1342, 75 USPQ2d 1801 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2173.05(b)

Davis, Ex parte, 80 USPQ 448 (Bd. App. 1948) 2111.03 , 2163

Davis, Ex parte, 56 USPQ2d 1434 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 2000) 804

Davis Harvester Co., Inc. v. Long Mfg. Co., 252 F. Supp. 989, 149 USPQ 420 (E.D.N.C. 1966) 2134

Davis v. Carrier, 81 F.2d 250, 28 USPQ 227 (CCPA 1936) 2137.01

Dayco Prod., Inc. v. Total Containment, Inc., 329 F.3d 1358, 66 USPQ2d 1801 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2004

DeBaun, In re, 687 F.2d 459, 214 USPQ 933 (CCPA 1982) 715.01(a) , 716.10 , 2136.05 , 2137.01 , 2155.01

De Blauwe, In re, 736 F.2d 699, 222 USPQ 191 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 716.01(c) , 2145

Deckler, In re, 977 F.2d 1449, 24 USPQ2d 1448 (Fed. Cir. 1992) 715 , 2155.06 , 2308.03

Deep Welding, Inc. v. Sciaky Bros., 417 F.2d 1227, 163 USPQ 144 (7th Cir. 1969) 2128.01

Defano, In re, 392 F.2d 280, 157 USPQ 192 (CCPA 1968) 715.02 , 715.03

Default Proof Credit Card System, Inc. v. Home Depot U.S.A., Inc., 412 F.3d 1291, 75 USPQ2d 1116 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2181

De Graffenried v. United States, 16 USPQ2d 1321 (Ct. Cl. 1990) 2133.02 , 2181

De Lajarte, In re, 337 F.2d 870, 143 USPQ 256 (CCPA 1964) 2111.03 , 2163

Delavoye, Ex parte, 1906 C.D. 320, 124 O.G. 626 (Comm’r Pat. 1906) 604.02

Delgar Inc. v. Schuyler, 172 USPQ 513 (D.D.C. 1970) 711.03(c)

Demaco Corp. v. Von Langsdorff Licensing Ltd., 851 F.2d 1387, 7 USPQ2d 1222 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 716.01(b) , 716.01(d) , 716.03 , 716.03(a) , 716.03(b)

Dembiczak, In re, 175 F.3d 994, 50 USPQ2d 1614 (Fed. Cir. 1999) 1504.06 , 2144.04

Deminski, In re, 796 F.2d 436, 230 USPQ 313 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 2141.01(a)

De Seversky, In re, 474 F.2d 671, 177 USPQ 144 (CCPA 1973) 201.06(c) , 608.01(p) , 1504.05

DeSeversky v. Brenner, 424 F.2d 857, 164 USPQ 495 (D.C. Cir. 1970) 1216.02

De Solms v. Schoenwald, 15 USPQ2d 1507 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1990) 2138.05 , 2138.06

DesOrmeaux, Ex parte, 25 USPQ2d 2040 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1992) 2136.04 , 2137.01 , 2137.02

Deters, In re, 515 F.2d 1152, 185 USPQ 644 (CCPA 1975) 715.09

Deuel, In re, 51 F.3d 1552, 34 USPQ2d 1210 (Fed. Cir. 1995) 2144.09 , 2163

DH Tech. Inc. v. Synergystex Int’l Inc., 154 F.3d 1333 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 509.04(f)

Diamond v. Chakrabarty, 447 U.S. 303, 206 USPQ 193 (1980) 2103 , 2105 , 2106 , 2107.01

Diamond v. Diehr, 450 U.S. 175, 209 USPQ 1 (1981) 2103 , 2106 , 2106.01 , 2107.01 , 2111.05

Dickinson v. Zurko, 527 U.S. 150, 50 USPQ2d 1930 (1999) 1216.01

Dien, In re, 680 F.2d 151, 214 USPQ 10 (CCPA 1982) 1449.02

Digital Magnetic Sys., Inc. v. Ansley, 213 USPQ 290 (W.D. Okla. 1982) 2286 , 2686.04

Dillon, In re, 919 F.2d 688, 16 USPQ2d 1897 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 2141 , 2144 , 2144.09 , 2145

Dilnot, In re, 319 F.2d 188, 138 USPQ 248 (CCPA 1963) 2144.04

D.L. Auld Co. v. Chroma Graphics Corp., 714 F.2d 1144, 219 USPQ 13 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 2133.03(c)

D.M.I., Inc. v. Deere & Co., 755 F.2d 1570, 225 USPQ 236 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2184

Doll, In re, 419 F.2d 925, 164 USPQ 218 (CCPA 1970) 1412.03

Donaldson, In re, 16 F.3d 1189, 29 USPQ2d 1845 (Fed. Cir. 1994) 2111.01 , 2114

Donaldson, Ex parte, 26 USPQ2d 1250 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1992) 1504.01

Donohue, In re, 550 F.2d 1269, 193 USPQ 136 (CCPA 1977) 2164.06 , 2164.06(a)

Donohue, In re, 766 F.2d 531, 226 USPQ 619 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2121.01 , 2121.02 , 2131.01 , 2152.02(b)

Dossel, In re, 115 F.3d 942, 42 USPQ2d 1881 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 2181 , 2185

Dotter, Ex parte, 12 USPQ 382 (Bd. App. 1931) 2173.05(h)

Dow Chem. Co., In re, 837 F.2d 469, 5 USPQ2d 1529 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 716.05 , 2144.08

Dow Chem. Co. v. American Cyanamid Co., 816 F.2d 617, 2 USPQ2d 1350 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 716.06

Cybersource Corp. v. Retail Decisions, Inc., 654 F.3d 1366, 99 USPQ2d 1690 (Fed. Cir. 2011) 2106

Dow Chem. Co. v. Astro-Valcour, Inc., 267 F.3d 1334, 60 USPQ2d 1519 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 2138.04

Doyle, In re, 482 F.2d 1385, 179 USPQ 227 (CCPA 1973) 1445 , 2161.01

Doyle, In re, 293 F.3d 1355, 63 USPQ2d 1161 (Fed. Cir. 2002) 1412.01

Dresser Indus. Inc. v. Ford Motor Co., 530 F. Supp. 303, 211 USPQ 1114 (N.D. Texas, 1981) 2286 , 2686.04

Driscoll v. Cebalo, 5 USPQ2d 1477 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1982) 2137.01

Druey, In re, 319 F.2d 237, 138 USPQ 39 (CCPA 1963) 2144.08

DSL Dynamic Sciences, Ltd. v. Union Switch & Signal, Inc., 928 F.2d 1122, 18 USPQ2d 1152 (Fed. Cir. 1991) 2138.05

Dubno, In re, 12 USPQ2d 1153 (Comm’r Pat. & Tm. 1989) 2763

Deuel, In re, 51 F.3d 1552, 34 USPQ2d 1210 (Fed. Cir. 1995) 2143

Dubost v. U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, 777 F.2d 1561, 227 USPQ 977 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 213.03

Dulberg, In re, 289 F.2d 522, 129 USPQ 348 (CCPA 1961) 2144.04

Dunki, Ex parte, 153 USPQ 678 (Bd. App. 1967) 706.03(d) , 2173.05(q)

Dunlop Holdings, Ltd. v. Ram Golf Corp., 524 F.2d 33, 188 USPQ 481 (7th Cir. 1975) 2133.03(a)

Dunn, In re, 349 F.2d 433, 146 USPQ 479 (CCPA 1965) 804.02

Dunn v. Ragin, 50 USPQ 472 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1941) 2217 , 2617

Dunne, Ex parte, 20 USPQ2d 1479 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1991) 2134 , 2138.02 , 2138.04

DuPont v. Phillips, 849 F.2d 1430, 7 USPQ2d 1129 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 2217 , 2617

Durden, In re, 763 F.2d 1406, 226 USPQ 359 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2116.01

Dybel, In re, 524 F.2d 1393, 187 USPQ 593 (CCPA 1975) 2133.03(b) , 2133.03(e)(3)

Dystar textilfarben GmbH & Co. Deutschland KG v. C. H. Patrick Co., 464 F.3d 1356, 1360, 80 USPQ2d 1641, 1645 (Fed. Cir. 2006) 2143.01 , 2144

E-Pass Techs., Inc. v. 3Com Corp., 343 F.3d 1364, 67 USPQ2d 1947 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2111.01

East Chicago Machine Tool Corp. v. Stone Container Corp., 181 USPQ 744 (N.D. Ill. 1974) 2012

Eastwood, Ex parte, 163 USPQ 316 (Bd. App. 1968) 2173.05(b)

Eaton v. Evans, 204 F.3d 1094, 53 USPQ2d 1696 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 2138.05

Eckel, In re, 393 F.2d 848, 157 USPQ 415 (CCPA 1968) 804.02

Edge, In re, 359 F.2d 896, 149 USPQ 556 (CCPA 1966) 2144.04

Edgerton v. Kingsland, 168 F.2d 121, 75 USPQ 307 (D.C. Cir. 1947) 706.03(w)

Edwards, In re, 568 F.2d 1349, 196 USPQ 465 (CCPA 1978) 2138.05

Edwards v. Strazzabosco, 58 USPQ2d 1836 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 2001) 2305

Egbers, In re, 6 USPQ2d 1869 (Comm’r Pat. 1988) 711.03(c)

Egbert v. Lippmann, 104 U.S. 333 (1881) 2133.03(a)

Eggan, Ex parte, 1911 C.D. 213, 172 O.G. 1091 (Comm’r Pat. 1911) 403.01 , 403.02

Eggert, Ex parte, 67 USPQ2d 1716 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 2003) 1412.02

Ehrreich, In re, 590 F.2d 902, 200 USPQ 504 (CCPA 1979) 2129 , 2172 , 2411.01

E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. v. Berkley and Co., 620 F.2d 1247, 205 USPQ 1 (8th Cir. 1980) 2107.01

E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. v. Phillips Petroleum Co., 849 F.2d 1430, 7 USPQ2d 1129 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 2138

Eickmeyer, In re, 602 F.2d 974, 202 USPQ 655 (CCPA 1979) 715.05 , 715.07

Eiselstein v. Frank, 52 F.3d 1035, 34 USPQ2d 1467 (Fed. Cir. 1995) 1302.01

Ekenstam, In re, 256 F.2d 321, 118 USPQ 349 (CCPA 1958) 901.05 , 901.05(b) , 2126 , 2126.01 , 2132 , 2152.02(a)

Elan Corp., PLC v. Andrx Pharms. Inc., 366 F.3d 1336, 70 USPQ2d 1722 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2133.03(b)

Elan Pharm., Inc. v. Mayo Foundation For Medical and Education Research, 346 F.3d 1051, 68 USPQ2d 1373 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2121.01

Electromotive Div. of Gen. Motors Corp. v. Transportation Sys. Div. of Gen. Elec. Co., 417 F.3d 1203, 75 USPQ2d 1650 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2133.03(e)(4) , 2133.03(e)(5)

Electric Storage Battery Co. v. Shimadzu, 307 U.S. 5, 41 USPQ 155 (1938) 2133.03(b)

Eli Lilly & Co. v. Bd. of Regents of the Univ. of Wa., 334 F.3d 1264, 67 USPQ2d 1161 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2301.03

Eli Lilly & Co. v. Barr Laboratories, Inc., 251 F.3d 955, 58 USPQ2d 1869 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 804 , 2144.08 , 2165.01

Eli Lilly & Co. v. Medtronic, Inc., 496 US 661, 15 USPQ2d 1121 (1990) 2750

Eli Lilly & Co. v. Zenith Goldline Pharms., Inc., 471 F.3d 1369, 81 USPQ2d 1324 (Fed. Cir. 2006) 2152.02(b)

Eli Lilly, In re, 902 F.2d 943, 14 USPQ2d 1741 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 716.01(d) , 716.02(b) , 716.02(c) , 2142 , 2144 , 2144.08

Elliott, Ex parte, 1904 C.D.103, 109 O.G. 1337 (Comm’r Pat. 1904) 608.02(g)

Ellis, In re, 476 F.2d 1370, 177 USPQ 526 (CCPA 1973) 2141.01(a)

Elmwood Liquid Prod., Inc. v. Singleton Packing Corp., 328 F. Supp 974, 170 USPQ 398 (M.D. Fla. 1970) 2004

Elsner, In re,381 F.3d 1125, 72 USPQ2d 1038 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2121.03

Eltgroth, In re, 419 F.2d 918, 164 USPQ 221 (CCPA 1970) 2107.01

Emerson Elec. Co. v. Davoil, Inc., 88 F.3d 1051, 39 USPQ 1474 (Fed. Cir. 1996) 2254

Emert, In re, 124 F.3d 1458, 44 USPQ2d 1149 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 804

Emery v. Ronden, 188 USPQ 264 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1974) 2138.06

Emm, Ex parte, 118 USPQ 180 (Bd. App. 1957) 1207.02

Energizer Holdings Inc. v. Int’l Trade Comm’n, 435 F.3d 1366, 77 USPQ2d 1625 (Fed. Cir. 2006) 2173.05(e)

Engelhardt v. Judd, 369 F.2d 408, 151 USPQ 732 (CCPA 1966) 2138.03 , 2138.05

Envirco Corp. v. Clestra Cleanroom, Inc., 209 F.3d 1360, 54 USPQ2d 1449 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 2181

Environ Prods., Inc. v. Total Containment, Inc., 43 USPQ2d 1288 (E.D. Pa. 1997) 2001.06(c)

Environmental Designs, Ltd. v. Union Oil Co., 713 F.2d 693, 218 USPQ 865 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 716.04 , 716.05 , 2141.03

Envirotech Corp. v. Westech Eng’g, Inc., 904 F.2d 1571, 15 USPQ2d 1230 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 2133.03(b)

Enzo Biochem, Inc. v. Calgene, Inc., 188 F.3d 1362, 52 USPQ2d 1129 (Fed. Cir. 1999) 2164.06(b)

Enzo Biochem, Inc. v. Gen-Probe, Inc., 323 F.3d 956, 63 USPQ2d 1609 (Fed. Cir. 2002) 2161.01 , 2163

Epstein, In re, 32 F.3d 1559, 31 USPQ2d 1817 (Fed. Cir. 1994) 716.07 , 2128 , 2133.03(b) , 2152.02(d)

Erlich, Ex parte, 3 USPQ2d 1011 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1986) 2143.02 , 2173.05(q)

Erlich, Ex parte, 22 USPQ 1463 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1992) 2124 , 2141.03

Ernsthausen v. Nakayama, 1 USPQ2d 1539 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1985) 2165.01

Estee Lauder, Inc. v. L’Oreal S.A., 129 F.3d 588, 44 USPQ2d 1610 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 2138.05 , 2163

Ethicon, Inc. v. United States Surgical Corp., 135 F.3d 1456, 45 USPQ2d 1545 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 2137.01 , 2181

Ethicon v. Quigg, 849 F.2d 1422, 7 USPQ2d 1152 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 1442.02 , 2242 , 2286 , 2642 , 2686.04

Etter, In re, 756 F.2d 852, 225 USPQ 1 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2258 , 2279 , 2286 , 2642 , 2686.04

EWP Corp. v. Reliance Universal, Inc., 755 F.2d 898, 225 USPQ 20 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 716.03(b)

Exxon Corp. v. Phillips Petroleum Co., 265 F.3d 1249, 60 USPQ2d 1368 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 706.07(h) , 711.01 , 714.01(e) , 714.03

Eynde, In re, 480 F.2d 1364, 178 USPQ 470 (CCPA 1973) 2144.03

EZ Dock v. Schafer Sys., Inc., 276 F.3d 1347, 61 USPQ2d 1289 (Fed. Cir. 2002) 2133.03(e) , 2133.03(e)(4)

Facius, In re, 408 F.2d 1396, 161 USPQ 294 (CCPA 1969) 715.01(a) , 715.01(c) , 2132.01 , 2136.04 , 2136.05 , 2137 , 2137.01

Falkner v. Inglis, 448 F.3d 1357, 79 USPQ2d 1001 (Fed. Cir. 2006) 2163

Farrenkopf, In re, 713 F.2d 714, 219 USPQ 1 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 2145

Fassett, 1877 C.D. 32, 11 O.G. 420 (Comm’r Pat. 1877) 1410.01

Feldman v. Aunstrup, 517 F.2d 1351, 186 USPQ 108 (CCPA 1975) 2406.01

Ferag AG v. Quipp, Inc., 45 F.3d 1562, 33 USPQ2d 1512 (Fed. Cir. 1995) 2133.03(b)

Ferguson, Ex parte, 117 USPQ 229 (Bd. App. 1957) 2107.02 , 2107.03 , 2164.07

Ferguson,In re, 558 F.3d 1359, 90 USPQ2d 1035 (Fed. Cir. 2009) 2106

Ferguson Beauregard/Logic Controls v. Mega Systems, 350 F.3d 1327, 69 USPQ2d 1001 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2111.01

Fessmann, In re, 489 F.2d 742, 180 USPQ 324 (CCPA 1974) 2113

Festo Corp. v. Shoketsu Kinzoku Kogyo Kabushiki Co., 535 U.S. 722, 122 S.Ct. 1831, 62 USPQ2d 1705 (2002) 1302.14 , 2173.02

Field v. Knowles, 183 F.2d 593, 86 USPQ 373 (CCPA 1950) 2133.03(c)

Fielder, In re, 471 F.2d 640, 176 USPQ 300 (CCPA 1973) 716.01(a) , 716.03(b)

Fields v. Conover, 443 F.2d 1386, 170 USPQ 276 (CCPA 1970) 2163 , 2163.03

Fiers v. Revel, 984 F.2d 1164, 25 USPQ2d 1601 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 2137.01 , 2138.04 , 2161.01 , 2163

Fine, In re, 837 F.2d 1071, 5 USPQ2d 1596 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 707.07(f) , 2143.01 , 2143.03 , 2144

Finley, In re, 174 F.2d 130, 81 USPQ 383 (CCPA 1949) 716.02(e)

Fischer, In re Application of, 6 USPQ2d 1573 (Comm’r Pat. 1988) 711.03(c)

Fischer & Porter Co. v. Corning Glass Works, 61 F.R.D. 321, 181 USPQ 329 (E.D. Pa. 1974) 1701.01

Fisher, In re, 427 F.2d 833, 166 USPQ 18 (CCPA 1970) 706.03(w) , 2164.01(b) , 2164.03 , 2164.08 , 2173.05(a) , 2173.05(t)

Fisher, In re, 421 F.3d 1365, 76 USPQ2d 1225 (Fed. Cir. 2005) , 2103 , 2107.01 , 2164.07

Fisons Plc. v. Quigg, 876 F.2d 99, 10 USPQ2d 1491 (Fed. Cir. 1989) 2751

Fitzgerald, In re, 619 F.2d 67, 205 USPQ 594 (CCPA 1980) 706.02(m) , 2112 , 2183

Fitzgerald v. Arbib, 268 F.2d 763, 122 USPQ 530 (CCPA 1959) 2138.05 , 2138.06

Flint, In re, 411 F.2d 1353, 162 USPQ 228 (CCPA 1969) 2173.05(n)

FMC Corp. v. Hennessy Indus., Inc., 836 F.2d 521, 5 USPQ2d 1272 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 410

FMC Corp. v. Manitowoc Co., 835 F.2d 1411, 5 USPQ2d 1112 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 410 , 2010

Folkers, In re, 344 F.2d 970, 145 USPQ 390 (CCPA 1965) 2107.02

Fonar Corp. v. General Electric Co., 107 F.3d 1543, 41 USPQ2d 1801 (Fed. Cir. 1997) , 2161.01 , 2163

Fong, In re, 288 F.2d 932, 129 USPQ 264 (CCPA 1961) 715.02 , 715.03

Fong, In re, 378 F.2d 977, 154 USPQ 25 (CCPA 1967) 804

Fontijn v. Okamoto, 518 F.2d 610, 622 186 USPQ97, 106 (CCPA 1975) 1402 , 1417

Forman, In re, 463 F.2d 1125, 175 USPQ 12 (CCPA 1972) 2164.06(c)

Fortel Corp. v. Phone-Mate, Inc., 825 F.2d 1577, 3 USPQ2d 1771 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 2293 , 2693

Foster, Ex parte, 1903 C.D. 213, 105 O.G. 261 (Comm’r Pat. 1903) 715.04

Foster, In re, 343 F.2d 980, 145 USPQ 166 (CCPA 1965) 2132.01 , 2133 , 2133.02 , 2133.03(c)

Fotland, In re, 779 F.2d 31, 228 USPQ 193 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 1403 , 1412.03

Fouche, In re, 439 F.2d 1237, 169 USPQ 429 (CCPA 1971) 608.01(p) , 716.02(b) , 2107.01 , 2164.07

Fout, In re, 675 F.2d 297, 213 USPQ 532 (CCPA 1982) 2129 , 2143.01 , 2144.06

Fox, Ex parte, 128 USPQ 157, 1960 C.D. 28, 761 O.G. 906 (Bd. App. 1957) 608.04(a)

Fox, In re, 471 F.2d 1405, 176 USPQ 340 (CCPA 1973) 2144.03

Fredericksen, In re, 213 F.2d 547, 102 USPQ 35 (CCPA 1954) 2173.05(c)

Fredkin v. Irasek, 397 F.2d 342, 158 USPQ 280 (CCPA 1968) 2138.05

Freeman, In re, 23 App. D.C. 226 (App. D.C. 1904) 1503.01

Freeman, In re, 573 F.2d 1237, 197 USPQ 464 (CCPA 1978) 2184

Freeman, In re, 30 F.3d 1459, 31 USPQ2d 1444 (Fed. Cir. 1994) 706.03(w) , 2250 , 2666.01

Fregeau v. Mossinghoff, 776 F.2d 1034, 227 USPQ 848 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2107.01 , 2107.02

Fressola, Ex parte, 27 USPQ2d 1608 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1993) 2173.05(r) , 2173.05(s)

Fressola v. Manbeck, 36 USPQ2d 1211 (D.D.C. 1995) 608.01(m)

Fried, In re, 312 F.2d 930, 136 USPQ 429 (CCPA 1963) 706.03(w)

Fried, In re, 329 F.2d 323, 141 USPQ 27 (CCPA 1964) 608.01(p)

Frilette, In re, 412 F.2d 164, 162 USPQ 163 (CCPA 1969) 715.01(b)

Fritsch v. Lin, 21 USPQ2d 1731 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1991) 2137.01 , 2138.06

Fuge, In re, 272 F.2d 954, 124 USPQ 105 (CCPA 1959) 901.05 , 2126.02

Fujikawa v. Wattanasin, 93 F.3d 1559, 39 USPQ2d 1895 (Fed. Cir. 1996) 2163 , 2163.05

Fujishiro, Ex parte, 199 USPQ 36 (Bd. App. 1977) 901.05 , 2135.01

Fulton, In re, 391 F.3d 1195, 73 USPQ2d 1141 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2123 , 2141.02 , 2143.01 , 2145

Funk Bros. Seed Co. v. Kalo Inoculant Co., 333 U.S. 127, 76 USPQ 280 (1948) 2105 , 2106

Future’s Technology Ltd. v. Quigg, 684 F. Supp. 430, 7 USPQ2d 1588 (E.D. Va. 1988) 711.03(c)

G, In re Application of, 11 USPQ2d 1378 (Comm’r Pat. 1989) 711.03(c)

Gallo, In re, 231 USPQ 496 (Comm’r Pat. 1986) 103

Gambro Lundia AB v. Baxter Healthcare Corp., 110 F.3d 1573, 42 USPQ2d 1378 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 2137

Gandy v. Main Belting Co., 143 U.S. 587 (1892) 2133.03(d)

Garbo, In re, 287 F.2d 192, 129 USPQ 72 (CCPA 1961) 1504.03

Gardner, In re, 475 F.2d 1389, 177 USPQ 396 (CCPA 1973) 601.01(d) , 2107.01 , 2107.03 , 2163

Gardner v. TEC Systems, Inc., 725 F.2d 1338, 220 USPQ 777 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 2144.04

Garfinkel, In re, 437 F.2d 1000, 168 USPQ 659 (CCPA 1971) 715

Garnero, In re, 412 F.2d 276, 162 USPQ 221 (CCPA 1979) 2113

Garret Corp. v. United States, 422 F.2d 874, 164 USPQ 521 (Ct. Cl. 1970) 2128.01

Garrett v. Cox, 233 F.2d 343, 110 USPQ 52 (CCPA 1956) 1302.04

Gartside, In re, 203 F.3d 1305, 53 USPQ2d 1769 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 1216.01 , 2144.03

Gaubert, In re, 524 F.2d 1222, 187 USPQ 664 (CCPA 1975) 2107.03

Gaubert, In re, 530 F.2d 1402, 189 USPQ 432 (CCPA 1975) 2107.02 , 2107.03

Gay, In re, 309 F.2d 769, 135 USPQ 311 (CCPA 1962) 608.01(h) , 2161.01 , 2165.01

Gazave, In re, 379 F.2d 973, 154 USPQ 92 (CCPA 1967) 2164.07 , 2107.01 , 2107.02 , 2107.03

Gazda, In re, 219 F.2d 449, 104 USPQ 400 (CCPA 1955) 2144.04

Gearon v. United States, 121 F. Supp. 652, 101 USPQ 460 (Ct. Cl. 1954) 601.01(e)

Gebauer-Fuelnegg, In re, 121 F.2d 505, 50 USPQ 125 (CCPA 1941) 608.01(v)

Geiger, In re, 815 F.2d 686, 2 USPQ2d 1276 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 716.02(e) , 2144.06

Geisler, In re, 116 F.3d 1465, 43 USPQ2d 1362 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 2144.05 , 2145

Gellert v. Wanberg, 495 F.2d 779, 181 USPQ 648 (CCPA 1974) 2138.05

Gelles, Ex parte, 22 USPQ2d 1318 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1992) 716.02 , 716.02(b)

Gemveto Jewelry Co. v. Lambert Bros., Inc., 542 F. Supp. 933, 216 USPQ 976 (S.D. N.Y. 1982) 2001.06(a) , 2004 , 2016

Genentech, Inc. v. Chiron Corp., 112 F.3d 495, 42 USPQ2d 1608 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 2111.03 , 2138.05 , 2163

Genentech, Inc. v. Novo Nordisk A/S, 108 F.3d 1361, 42 USPQ2d 1001 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 2161.01

Genentech v. Wellcome Foundation, 29 F.3d 1555, 31 USPQ2d 1161 (Fed. Cir. 1994) 2164.04

General Elec. v. Brenner, 407 F.2d 1258, 159 USPQ 335 (D.C. Cir. 1968) 608.01(p)

General Elec. v. United States, 206 USPQ 260 (Ct. Cl. 1979) 2133.03(e)(1)

General Electro Music Corp. v. Samick Music Corp., 19 F.3d 1405, 30 USPQ2d 1149 (Fed. Cir. 1994) 410

General Foods Corp. v. Studiengesellschaft Kohle mbH, 972 F.2d 1272, 23 USPQ2d 1839 (Fed. Cir. 1992) 804

General Motors Corp. v. Bendix Aviation Corp., 123 F. Supp 506, 102 USPQ 58 (N.D. Ind. 1954) 2133.03(e)(6)

Genetics Institute LLC v. Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics Inc., 655 F.3d 1291, 99 USPQ2d 1713 (Fed. Cir. 2011) 2750

Geneva Pharms. Inc. v. GlaxoSmithKline PLC, 349 F.3d 1373, 68 USPQ2d 1865 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 804.01 , 814

Gentry Gallery, Inc. v. Berkline Corp., 134 F.3d 1473, 45 USPQ2d 1498 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 2163 , 2163.05

George, Ex parte, 21 USPQ2d 1058 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1991) 716.01(c)

George, In re, 2 USPQ2d 1880 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1987) 2128.01

Gerber Garment Technology, Inc. v. Lectra Systems, Inc., 916 F.2d 683, 16 USPQ2d 1436 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 804.01

Gershon, In re, 372 F.2d 535, 152 USPQ 602 (CCPA 1967) 716.02(c) , 716.04

Ghiron, In re, 442 F.2d 985, 169 USPQ 723 (CCPA 1971) 2161.01 , 2164.01(b) , 2164.06(c) , 2164.06 , 2164.06(a) , 2185

Gibbs, In re, 437 F.2d 486, 168 USPQ 578 (CCPA 1971) 715 , 2134

Gibson, Ex parte, 20 USPQ 249 (Bd. App. 1933) 1504.01(b)

Gibson, In re, 39 F.2d 975, 5 USPQ 230 (CCPA 1930) 2144.04

Gillette Co. v. Energizer Holdings Inc., 405 F.3d 1367, 74 USPQ2d 1586 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2111.03

Gillman v. Stern, 114 F.2d 28, 46 USPQ 430 (2d Cir. 1940) 2133.03(a)

Ginos v. Nedelec, 220 USPQ 831 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1983) 2138.05 , 2138.06

Glaser v. Strickland, 220 USPQ 446 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1983) 716.09

Glass, In re, 492 F.2d 1228, 181 USPQ 31 (CCPA 1974) 608.01(h) , 2124 , 2165.02

Glavas, In re, 230 F.2d 447, 109 USPQ 50 (CCPA 1956) 1504.02 , 1504.03

Glaxo Inc. v. Novopharm Ltd., 52 F.3d 1043, 34 USPQ2d 1565 (Fed. Cir. 1995) 2107.01

Glaxo Operations UK Ltd. v. Quigg, 706 F. Supp. 1224, 10 USPQ2d 1100 (E.D. Va. 1989) 2751

Gleave, In re, 560 F.3d 1331, 90 USPQ2d 1235 (Fed. Cir. 2009) 2152.02(b)

Goffe, In re, 542 F.2d 564, 191 USPQ 429 (CCPA 1976) 2164.08 , 2164.08(c)

Golden Valley Microwave Food Inc. v. Weaver Popcorn Co., 837 F. Supp. 1444, 24 USPQ2d 1801 (N.D. Ind. 1992) 410

Goldstein, In re, 16 USPQ2d 1963 (Dep. Assist. Comm’r Pat. 1988) 402.10

Golight Inc. v. Wal-Mart Stores Inc., 355 F.3d 1327, 69 USPQ2d 1481 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2182

Good, Ex parte, 1911 C.D. 43, 164 O.G. 789 (Comm’r Pat. 1911) 608.02(d)

Goodman, In re, 11 F.3d 1046, 29 USPQ2d 2010 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 804 , 806.04(i) , 1504.06 , 2164.06(b) , 2164.08

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., Ex parte, 230 USPQ 357 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1985) 2141.01(a)

Gordon, In re, 733 F.2d 900, 221 USPQ 1125 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 2143.01 , 2144.08

Gorham Manufacturing Co. v. White, 81 U.S. (14 Wall.) 511 (1871) 1504.01(c) , 1504.01(d)

Gorman, In re, 933 F.2d 982, 18 USPQ2d 1885 (Fed. Cir. 1991) 707.07(f) , 2145

Gosteli, In re, 872 F.2d 1008, 10 USPQ2d 1614 (Fed. Cir. 1989) 608.01(p) , 715.03 , 2131.02 , 2136.05 , 2163.02 , 2163.03 , 2163.05

Gottlieb, In re, 328 F.2d 1016, 140 USPQ 665 (CCPA 1964) 2107.02

Gottschalk v. Benson, 409 U.S. 63, 175 USPQ 673 (1972) 2103 , 2106

Gould v. Control Laser Corp., 705 F.2d 1340, 217 USPQ 985 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 2286 , 2686.04

Gould v. Quigg, 822 F.2d 1074, 3 USPQ2d 1302 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 2164.02 , 2164.05(a)

Gould v. Schawlow, 363 F.2d 908, 150 USPQ 634 (CCPA 1966) 2138.06

GPAC, In re, 57 F.3d 1573, 35 USPQ2d 1116 (Fed. Cir. 1995) 716.03 , 2145

Grabiak, In re, 769 F.2d 729, 226 USPQ 871 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2144.08 , 2144.09

Grady, Ex parte, 59 USPQ2d 276 (Comm’r Pat. 1943) 607.02

Graff, In re, 111 F.3d 874, 42 USPQ2d 1471 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 1403 , 1412.03 , 1451

Graham v. John Deere, 383 U.S. 1, 148 USPQ 459 (1966) 706.02(j) , 706.02(m) , 716.01(a) , 804 , 1504.03 , 1504.06 , 2141 , 2144.08 , 2158 , 2258

Gramme Elec. Co. v. Arnoux and Hochhausen Elec. Co., 17 F. 838, 1883 C.D.418 (S.D. N.Y. 1883) 901.05 , 2135.01

Grasselli, Ex parte, 231 USPQ 393 (Bd. App. 1983) 2143.03 , 2173.05(i)

Grasselli, In re, 713 F.2d 731, 218 USPQ 769 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 716.02(d) , 2112 , 2145

Graver Tank & Mfg. Co. v. Linde Air Products, 339 U.S. 605, 85 USPQ 328 (1950) 2183 , 2184 , 2186

Gray, Ex parte, 10 USPQ2d 1922 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1989) 716.01(c) , 716.02(g) , 2113

Gray, In re, 115 USPQ 80 (Comm’r Pat. 1956) 409.03(d) , 409.03(f)

Gray, In re, 53 F.2d 520, 11 USPQ 255 (CCPA 1931) 2111.03

Grayson, Ex parte, 51 USPQ 413 (Bd. App. 1941) 706.03(a)

Grayson, Ex parte, 51 USPQ 413 (Bd. App. 1941) 706.03(a)

Great Atlantic & P Tea Co. v. Supermarket Equipment Corp., 340 U.S. 147, 152, 87 USPQ 303, 306 (1950) 2143.01

Greenberg v. Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc., 91 F.3d 1580, 39 USPQ2d 1783 (Fed. Cir. 1996) 2181

Greenewalt v. Stanley, 54 F.2d 195, 12 USPQ 122 (3d Cir. 1931) 2133.03(e)(1)

Greenfield, In re, 40 F.2d 775, 5 USPQ 474 (CCPA 1930) 1214.01 , 2682

Greenfield, In re, 571 F.2d 1185, 197 USPQ 227 (CCPA 1978) 2145

Greenliant Systems, Inc. v. Xicor LLC, 692 F.3d 1261, 103 USPQ2d 1951 (Fed. Cir. 2012) 1412.02

Greenwood v. Seiko Instruments, 8 USPQ2d 1455 (D.D.C. 1988) 2273

Greer, In re, 484 F.2d 488, 179 USPQ 301 (CCPA 1973) 1605

Griffin v. Bertina, 283 F.3d 1029, 62 USPQ2d 1431 (Fed. Cir. 2002) 2103 , 2111.04

Griffith v. Kanamaru, 816 F.2d 624, 2 USPQ2d 1361 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 2138.06

Griswold, In re, 365 F.2d 834, 150 USPQ 804 (CCPA 1966) 804.02

Grose, In re, 592 F.2d 1161, 201 USPQ 57 (CCPA 1979) 2144.02 , 2144.03 , 2145

Group One, Ltd. v. Hallmark Cards, Inc., 254 F.3d 1041, 59 USPQ2d 1121 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 2133.03(b) , 2152.02(e)

Grunwell, In re, 609 F.2d 486, 203 USPQ 1055 (CCPA 1979) 2107.02

Guastavino, In re, 83 F.2d 913, 29 USPQ 532 (CCPA 1936) 1449.02

Gulack, In re, 703 F.2d 1381, 217 USPQ 401 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 2112.01

Gulliksen v. Halberg, 75 USPQ 252 (Bd. App. 1937) 2128.01

Gunn, In re, 537 F.2d 1123, 190 USPQ 402 (CCPA 1976) 2164.05(a) , 2164.06(c) , 2164.06 , 2164.06(a)

Gunn v. Bosch, 181 USPQ 758 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1973) 2138.06

Gunter v. Stream, 573 F.2d 77, 197 USPQ 482 (CCPA 1978) 2138.04

Gurley, In re, 27 F.3d 551, 31 USPQ2d 1130 (Fed. Cir. 1994) 2123 , 2145

Gustafson, In re, 331 F.2d 905, 141 USPQ 585 (CCPA 1964) 2173.05(k)

Gustafson v. Strange, 227 USPQ 174 (Comm’r Pat. 1985) 513

Gwinn, Ex parte, 112 USPQ 439 (Bd App. 1955) 706.03(a)

Haas, In re, 580 F.2d 461, 198 USPQ 334 (CCPA 1978) 803.02

Hack, In re, 245 F.2d 246, 114 USPQ 161 (CCPA 1957) 2112.02

Hadco Products, Inc., v. Lighting Corp. of America, Inc., 312 F.Supp 1173, 165 USPQ 496 (E.D. Pa 1970) 1503.02

Hafner, In re, 410 F.2d 1403, 161 USPQ 783 (CCPA 1969) 211.05

Hageman, Ex parte, 179 USPQ 747 (Bd. App. 1971) 211.05

Hahn v. Wong, 892 F.2d 1028, 13 USPQ2d 1313 (Fed. Cir. 1989) 2305

Haines v. Quigg, 673 F. Supp 314, 5 USPQ2d 1130 (N.D. Ind. 1987) 711.03(c)

Hale, Ex parte, 49 USPQ 209 (Bd. App. 1941) 715.09

Hall, Ex parte, 83 USPQ 38 (Bd. App. 1949) 706.03(d) , 2173.05(d)

Hall, In re, 208 F.2d 370, 100 USPQ 46 (CCPA 1953) 2173.05(j)

Hall, In re, 781 F.2d 897, 228 USPQ 453 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 2128 , 2128.01 , 2128.02 , 2152.02(e)

Hall v. Macneale, 107 U.S. 90 (1882) 2133.03(a)

Halleck, In re, 422 F.2d 911, 164 USPQ 647 (CCPA 1970) 2173.05(c)

Haller, Ex parte, 103 USPQ 332 (Bd. App. 1953) 901.05 , 2127

Hallmark Cards, Inc. v. Lehman, 959 F. Supp. 539, 42 USPQ2d 1134 (D.D.C. 1997) 1480

Hamilton, In re, 882 F.2d 1576, 11 USPQ2d 1890 (Fed. Cir. 1989) 2133.03(c)

Hammack, In re, 427 F.2d 1378, 166 USPQ 204 (CCPA 1970) 2173.03

Hammack, In re, 427 F.2d 1384, 166 USPQ 209 (CCPA 1970) 2173.05(e)

Hanback, Ex parte, 231 USPQ 739 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1986) 1504.04

Hardee, In re, 223 USPQ 1122 (Comm’r Pat. 1984) 201.03 , 2137.01

Hargraves, In re, 53 F.2d 900, 11 USPQ 240 (CCPA 1931) 804

Harito, In re, 847 F.2d 801, 6 USPQ2d 1930 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 2010

Harley v. Lehman, 981 F. Supp. 9, 44 USPQ2d 1699 (D.D.C. 1997) 1308

Harnisch, In re, 631 F.2d 716, 206 USPQ 300 (CCPA 1980) 803.02 , 2173.05(h)

Harrington Mfg. Co. v. Powell Mfg. Co., 815 F.2d 1478, 2 USPQ2d 1364 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 2133.03(e)(2)

Harris, Ex parte, 79 USPQ 439 (Comm’r Pat. 1948) 707.05(f)

Harris, In re, 409 F.3d 1339, 74 USPQ2d 1951 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2144.05

Harry, In re, 333 F.2d 920, 142 USPQ 164 (CCPA 1964) 715.07 , 2138.06

Hartley, Ex parte, 1908 C.D. 224 (Comm’r Pat. 1908) 720.05

Hartop, In re, 311 F.2d 249, 135 USPQ 419 (CCPA 1962) 2107.01 , 2107.03

Harvey, In re, 12 F.3d 1061, 29 USPQ2d 1206 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 1504.04

Harwood, In re, 390 F.2d 985, 156 USPQ 673 (CCPA 1968) 2107.01

Harza, In re, 274 F.2d 669, 124 USPQ 378 (CCPA 1960) 2144.04

Hasche, Ex parte, 86 USPQ 481 (Bd. App. 1949) 706.03(d) , 2173.05(d)

Haskell v. Colebourne, 671 F.2d 1362, 213 USPQ 192 (CCPA 1982) 2138.06

Hata, Ex parte, 6 USPQ2d 1652 (Bd Pat. App. & Int. 1987) 2404.02

Hawkins, In re, 486 F.2d 569, 179 USPQ 157 (CCPA 1973) 608.01(p)

Hawkins, In re, 486 F.2d 579, 179 USPQ 163 (CCPA 1973) 608.01(p)

Hawkins, In re, 486 F.2d 577, 179 USPQ 167 (CCPA 1973) 608.01(p)

Hayes, In re, 53 USPQ2d 1222 (Comm’r Pat. 1999) 1412.04

Hayes Microcomputer Products, Inc., In re, 982 F.2d 1527, 25 USPQ2d 1241 (Fed. Cir. 1992) 1414.01 , 2161.01 , 2163

Hay, In re, 534 F.2d 917, 189 USPQ 790 (CCPA 1976) 608.01(h) , 2165.01 , 2411.04

Hays v. Sony Corp. of Am., 847 F.2d 412, 7 USPQ2d 1043 (7th. Cir. 1988) 410

Hazeltine Research Inc. v. Brenner, 382 U.S. 252, 147 USPQ 429 (1965) 2136.02 , 2158

Head, Ex parte, 214 USPQ 551 (Bd. App. 1981) 2173.05(h)

Heany, In re, 1911 C.D. 138 (Comm’r Pat. 1911) 2012 , 2012.01

Heck, In re, 699 F.2d 1331, 216 USPQ 1038 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 2123

Heckman, Ex parte, 135 USPQ 229 (P.O. Super. Exam. 1960) 1504.05

Hedges, In re, 783 F.2d 1038, 228 USPQ 685 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 2145

Hedgewick v. Akers, 497 F.2d 905, 182 USPQ 167 (CCPA 1974) 2137

Heinl v. Godici, 143 F. Supp. 2d 593 (E.D. Va. 2001) 2246 , 2258.01 , 2646

Hellbaum, In re, 371 F.2d 1022, 152 USPQ 571 (CCPA 1967) 706.03(w)

Hellsund, In re, 474 F.2d 1307, 177 USPQ 170 (CCPA 1973) 715

Hengehold, In re, 440 F.2d 1395, 169 USPQ 473 (CCPA 1971) 821 , 2731

Henrich, Ex parte, 1913 Dec. Comm’r Pat. 139 (Comm’r Pat. 1913) 711.03(c)

Henriksen, In re, 399 F.2d 253, 158 USPQ 224 (CCPA 1968) 211.01(b)

Heritage, In re, 182 F.2d 639, 86 USPQ 160 (CCPA 1950) 901.02

Herman v. Huddleston, 459 U.S. 375 (1983) 2107.02

Herman v. William Brooks Shoe Co., 39 USPQ2d 1773 (S.D.N.Y. 1996) 410

Herr, In re, 377 F.2d 610, 153 USPQ 548 (CCPA 1967) 706.03(w)

Herrmann, In re, 261 F.2d 598, 120 USPQ 182 (CCPA 1949) 707.07(f)

Hershberger, Ex parte, 96 USPQ 54 (Bd. App. 1952) 2128.01

Herschler, In re, 591 F.2d 693, 200 USPQ 711 (CCPA 1979) 2161.01 , 2163 , 2163.05

Herz, In re, 537 F.2d 549, 190 USPQ 461 (CCPA 1976) 2111.03

Hester Industries, Inc. v. Stein, Inc., 142 F.3d 1472, 46 USPQ2d 1641 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 1412.02

Hewlett-Packard Co. v. Bausch & Lomb Inc., 909 F.2d 1464, 15 USPQ2d 1525 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 2114

Hiatt v. Ziegler, 179 USPQ 757 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1973) 2138.04

Hibberd, Ex parte, 227 USPQ 443 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1985) 1601 , 2105

Hidy, In re, 303 F.2d 954, 133 USPQ 650 (CCPA 1962) 715.05 , 804.02 , 2308.01

High Concrete Structures Inc. v. New Enter. Stone & Lime Co., 377 F.3d 1379, 71 USPQ2d 1948 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2165.04

Hildebrand, Ex parte, 15 USPQ2d 1662 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1990) 2404.01 , 2410.01

Hill, In re, 284 F.2d 955, 128 USPQ 197 (CCPA 1960) 716.02(d)

Hill-Rom Co. v. Kinetic Concepts, Inc., 209 F.3d 1337, 54 USPQ2d 1437 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 1302.04 , 2181

Hilmer, In re, 359 F.2d 859, 149 USPQ 480 (CCPA 1966) 706.02(f)(1) , 715 , 2136.03 , 2154.01(b)

Hilton, Ex parte, 148 USPQ 356 (Bd. App. 1965) 2144.04

Hiniker Co., In re, 150 F.3d 1362, 47 USPQ2d 1523 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 2103 , 2242 , 2258 , 2258.01 , 2642

Hirao, In re, 535 F.2d 67, 190 USPQ 15 (CCPA 1976) 707.07(f) , 2141.02

Hirschfield v. Banner, 462 F. Supp 135, 200 USPQ 276 (D.D.C. 1978) 2164.06(c)

Hirschler, Ex parte, 110 USPQ 384 (Bd. App. 1952) 2132.01

Hitchings, In re, 342 F.2d 80, 144 USPQ 637 (CCPA 1965) 2164.01(c)

Hitzeman v. Rutter, 243 F.3d 1345, 58 USPQ2d 1161 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 2138.04

Hiyamizu, Ex parte, 10 USPQ2d 1393 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1988) 2141.03

Hobbs v. United States, 451 F.2d 849, 171 USPQ 713 (5th Cir. 1971) 2133.03 , 2133.03(b)

Hoch, In re, 428 F.2d 1341, 166 USPQ 406 (CCPA 1970) 706.02(j) , 1207.03 , 2144.08

Hockerson-Halberstadt, Inc. v. Avia Group Int’l, 222 F.3d 951, 55 USPQ2d 1487 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 2125

Hodge v. Rostker, 501 F. Supp 332 (D.D.C. 1980) 1216.02

Hodosh v. Block Drug Co., Inc., 786 F.2d 1136, 229 USPQ 182 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 2144.08

Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft v. Quigg, 917 F.2d 522, 16 USPQ2d 1549 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 2758

Hoechst-Roussel Pharmaceuticals Inc. v. Lehman, 109 F.3d 756, 42 USPQ2d 1220 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 2158 , 2751

Hoeksema, In re, 399 F.2d 269, 158 USPQ 596 (CCPA 1968) 2121.01 , 2121.02 , 2144.09 , 2145

Hoeschele, In re, 406 F.2d 1403, 160 USPQ 809 (CCPA 1969) 2144.05

Hoffer v. Microsoft Corp ., 405 F.3d 1326, 74 USPQ2d 1481 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2111.04

Hoffman, Ex parte, 12 USPQ2d 1061 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1989) 2111.03

Hoffman v. Klaus, 9 USPQ2d 1657 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1988) 2107.02

Hoffman-La Roche, Inc. v. Promega Corp., 323 F.3d 1354, 66 USPQ2d 1385 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 608.01(p) , 2004

Hogan, In re, 559 F.2d 595, 194 USPQ 527 (CCPA 1977) 2124 , 2164.05(a)

Holladay, In re, 584 F.2d 384, 199 USPQ 516 (CCPA 1978) 716.02(e)

Hollingsworth, In re, 253 F.2d 238, 117 USPQ 182 (CCPA 1958) 716.03(a)

Holmwood v. Cherpeck, 2 USPQ2d 1942 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1986) 2138.03

Honeywell v. Diamond, 499 F. Supp. 924, 208 USPQ 452 (D.D.C. 1980) 2165.04

Honigsbaum v. Lehman, 903 F. Supp 8, 37 USPQ2d 1799 (D.D.C. 1995) 513

Honn, In re, 364 F.2d 454, 150 USPQ 652 (CCPA 1966) 608.01(h) , 2165.01

Hook, Ex parte, 102 USPQ 130 (Bd. App. 1953) 715.07

Hormone Research Foundation Inc. v. Genentech Inc., 904 F.2d 1558, 15 USPQ2d 1039 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 2173.05(a)

Horton, Ex parte, 226 USPQ 697 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1985) 2258

Hostettler, In re, 356 F.2d 562, 148 USPQ 514 (CCPA 1966) 715.03

Hough, In re, 108 USPQ 89, 703 O.G.200 (Comm’r Pat. 1955) 409.03(i)

Houghton, In re, 433 F.2d 820, 167 USPQ 687 (CCPA 1970) 2107.01

Hovlid v. Asari, 305 F.2d 747, 134 USPQ 162 (9th Cir. 1962) 201.06(d) , 211.01(b)

Howarth, In re, 654 F.2d 103, 210 USPQ 689 (CCPA 1981) 716.09 , 2164.01(b)

Hozumi, Ex parte, 3 USPQ2d 1059 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1984) 803.02

Hruby, In re, 373 F.2d 997, 153 USPQ 61 (CCPA 1967) 1504.01(a)

Huang, In re, 100 F.3d 135, 40 USPQ2d 1685 (Fed. Cir. 1996) 716.03 , 716.03(b) , 2145

Huber, Ex parte, 148 USPQ 447 (Bd. Pat. App. 1965) 2172.01

Huelster v. Reiter, 168 F.2d 542, 78 USPQ 82 (CCPA 1948) 2138.06

Hull v. Bonis, 214 USPQ 731 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1982) 2138.05

Hull v. Davenport, 90 F.2d 103, 33 USPQ 506 (CCPA 1937) 2138.01 , 2138.06

Humber, Ex parte, 217 USPQ 265 (Bd. App. 1961) 716.02(e)

Humphreys, Ex parte, 24 USPQ2d 1255 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1992) 2404.01 , 2405

Hunt Co. v. Mallinckrodt Chem.Works, 177 F.2d 583, 83 USPQ 277 (2d Cir. 1949) 211.05 , 1504.20

Hupp v. Siroflex of America, Inc., 122 F.3d 1456, 43 USPQ2d 1887 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 1504.02

Huston v. Ladner, 973 F.2d 1564, 23 USPQ2d 1910 (Fed. Cir. 1992) 2305

Hyatt, In re, 211 F.3d 1367, 54 USPQ2d 1664 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 2111

Hyatt, In re, 708 F.2d 712, 218 USPQ 195 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 2164.08(a) , 2181

Hyatt v. Boone, 146 F.3d 1348, 47 USPQ2d 1128 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 2138.05 , 2163 , 2163.03

Hyatt v. Dudas, 492 F.3d 1365, 83 USPQ2d 1373, 1376 (Fed. Cir. 2007) 2163.04

Hyatt v. Kappos, 625 F.3d 1320 (Fed. Cir. 2010)(en banc), aff'd, 132 S. Ct. 1690 (2012) 1216.02

Hybritech, Inc. v. Monoclonal Antibodies, Inc., 802 F.2d 1367, 231 USPQ 81 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 716.03(b) , 2138.04 , 2145 , 2163 , 2164.01 , 2164.05(a) , 2173.05(a) , 2184

Hycor Corp. v. The Schlueter Co., 740 F.2d 1529, 222 USPQ 553 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 2004

I.C.E. Corp. v. Armco Steel Corp., 250 F. Supp 738, 148 USPQ 537 (S.D.N.Y. 1966) 2128

Impax Labs. Inc. v. Aventis Pharm. Inc., 468 F.3d 1366, 1383, 81 USPQ2d 1001, 1013 (Fed Cir. 2006) 2121 , 2122 , 2152.02(b)

IMS Technology Inc. v. Haas Automation Inc., 206 F.3d 1422, 54 USPQ2d 1129 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 2181 , 2183 , 2184

Innova/Pure Water Inc. v. Safari Water Filtration Sys. Inc., 381 F.3d 1111, 72 USPQ2d 1001 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2173.05(g)

Intel Corp. v. VIA Tech., Inc., 319 F.3d 1537, 65 USPQ2d 1934 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2181

Intellicall, Inc. v. Phonometrics, Inc., 952 F.2d 1384, 21 USPQ2d 1383 (Fed. Cir. 1992) 2111.01 , 2181

Intermountain Research and Eng’g Co. v. Hercules, Inc., 171 USPQ 577 (C.D. Cal. 1971) 2012

International Glass Co. v. United States, 408 F.2d 395, 159 USPQ 434 (Ct. Cl. 1968) 2138.03

Interroyal Corp. v. Simmons Co., 204 USPQ 562 (S.D. N.Y. 1979) 2133.03(e)(1) , 2133.03(e)(3)

Intirtool, Ltd. v. Texar Corp., 369 F.3d 1289, 70 USPQ2d 1780 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2111.02

Invitrogen Corp. v. Biocrest Mfg., L.P., 327 F.3d 1364, 66 USPQ2d 1631 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2111.03

Invitrogen Corp. v. Biocrest Manufacturing L.P., 424 F.3d 1374, 76 USPQ2d 1741 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2133.03(a) , 2133.03(c) , 2152.02(c)

Invitrogen Corp. v. Clontech Laboratories, Inc., 429 F.3d 1052, 77 USPQ2d 1161 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2138.04

Ionescu, Ex parte, 222 USPQ 537 (Bd. App. 1984) 2143.03 , 2171 , 2173.06

IPXL Holdings v. Amazon.com, Inc., 430 F.2d 1377, 77 USPQ2d 1140 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2173.05(p)

Irish, In re, 433 F.2d 1342, 167 USPQ 764 (CCPA 1970) 2136.01

Iron Grip Barbell Co., Inc. v. USA Sports, Inc., 392 F.3d 1317, 73 USPQ2d 1225 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2144.05

Irons, In re, 340 F.2d 974, 144 USPQ 351 (CCPA 1965) 2107.02 , 2164.07

Irwin, Ex parte, 1928 C.D. 13, 367 O.G. 701 (Comm’r Pat. 1928) 604.02

Isaacs, In re, 347 F.2d 889, 146 USPQ 193 (CCPA 1963) 2107.02 , 2107.03

Ishida Co. v. Taylor, 221 F.3d 1310, 55 USPQ2d 1449 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 2184

Ishizaka, Ex parte, 24 USPQ2d 1621 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1992) 716.02(b)

Jackson, Ex parte, 217 USPQ 804 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1982) 2164.06 , 2164.06(a) , 2404.02

Jaffe, Ex parte, 147 USPQ 45 (Bd. of App. 1964) 1504

J. A. La Porte, Inc. v. Norfolk Dredging Co., 787 F.2d 1577, 229 USPQ 435 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 2133.03(b)

Janakirama-Rao, In re, 317 F.2d 951, 137 USPQ 893 (CCPA 1963) 2111.03 , 2163

Jansen v. Rexall Sundown, Inc., 342 F.3d 1329, 68 USPQ2d 1154 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2111.02

Japikse, In re, 181 F.2d 1019, 86 USPQ 70 (CCPA 1950) 2144.04

J.E.M. Ag Supply, Inc. v. Pioneer Hi-Bred Int’l, Inc., 534 U.S. 124, 122 S.Ct. 593, 60 USPQ2d 1865 (2001) 2105

Jennings, In re, 182 F.2d 207, 86 USPQ 68 (CCPA 1950) 1504.03

Jentoft, In re, 392 F.2d 633, 157 USPQ 363 (CCPA 1968) 804.02 , 1490

Jessel v. Newland, 195 USPQ 678 (Comm’r Pat. 1977) 1605

Jockmus v. Leviton, 28 F.2d 812 (2d Cir. 1928) 2121.04 , 2125

John O. Butler Co. v. Block Drug Co. Inc., 620 F. Supp. 771, 226 USPQ 855 (D. Ill. 1985) 1504

Johns-Manville Corp. v. Guardian I ndustries Corp., 586 F. Supp 1034, 221 USPQ 319 (E.D. Mich. 1983) 2165.01

Johnson, In re, 282 F.2d 370, 127 USPQ 216 (CCPA 1960) 2164.01(c)

Johnson, In re, 558 F.2d 1008, 194 USPQ 187 (CCPA 1977) 2164.08 , 2173.05(i)

Johnson, In re, 589 F.2d 1070, 200 USPQ 199 (CCPA 1978) 2161.01 , 2184

Johnson, In re, 747 F.2d 1456, 223 USPQ 1260 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 716.02(e)

Johnson Worldwide Associates v. Zebco Corp., 175 F.3d 985, 993, 50 USPQ2d 1607, (Fed. Cir. 1999) 2163 , 2163.05

Jolles, In re, 628 F.2d 1322, 206 USPQ 885 (CCPA 1980) 2107.01 , 2107.02 , 2107.03

Jolley, In re, 308 F.3d 1317, 64 USPQ2d 1901 (Fed. Cir. 2002) 2138.04 , 2138.06

Joly, In re, 376 F.2d 906, 153 USPQ 45 (CCPA 1967) 2107.01 , 2107.02

Jones, Ex parte, 62 USPQ2d 1206, 1208 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 2001) 706.02

Jones, In re, 373 F.2d 1007, 153 USPQ 77 (CCPA 1967) 706.03(a)

Jones, In re, 958 F.2d 347, 21 USPQ2d 1941 (Fed. Cir. 1992) 707.07(f) , 2143.01 , 2144 , 2144.05 , 2144.08

Jones v. Hardy, 727 F.2d 1524, 220 USPQ 1021 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 2141.02 , 2144.08

Jones v. Progress Ind., Inc., 163 F. Supp. 824, 119 USPQ 92 (D. R.I. 1958) 1504.02 , 1504.03

Josserand, In re, 188 F.2d 486, 89 USPQ 371 (CCPA 1951) 2133.03(e)(1)

Jovanovics, Ex parte, 211 USPQ 907 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1981) 2107.03

Joy Mfg. Co. v. National Mine Service Co., 810 F.2d 1127, 1 USPQ2d 1627 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 2246 , 2646

Joy Technologies Inc. v. Manbeck, 751 F. Supp 225, 17 USPQ2d 1257 (D.D.C. 1990) 716.03(a)

J. P. Stevens & Co. v. Lex Tex Ltd., 747 F.2d 1553, 223 USPQ 1089 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 2016

Judin v. United States, 110 F.3d 780, 42 USPQ2d 1300 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 410

Juicy Whip Inc. v. Orange Bang Inc., 185 F.3d 1364, 51 USPQ2d 1700 (Fed. Cir. 1999) 706.03(a)

Jung, In re, 637 F.3d 1356, 98 USPQ2d 1174 (Fed. Cir. 2011) 1205.02

Justus v. Appenzeller, 177 USPQ 332 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1971) 2138.06

Kao, In re, 639 F.3d 1057, ___, 98 USPQ2d 1799, 1811-12 (Fed. Cir. 2011) MPEP § 2111.05 , 2153.02

Kaghan, In re, 387 F.2d 398, 156 USPQ 130 (CCPA 1967) 706.03(w)

Kahn, In re, 202 USPQ 772 (Comm’r Pat. 1979) 2012.01

Kahn, In re, 441 F.3d 977, 78 USPQ2d 1329 (Fed. Cir. 2006) 2143.01 , 2144

Kaiser Industries Corp. v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp., 515 F.2d 964, 185 USPQ 343 (3d Cir. 1975) 2012.01

KangaROOS U.S.A., Inc. v. Caldor, Inc., 778 F.2d. 1571, 228 USPQ 32 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 1504.20 , 2004

Kanter, In re, 399 F.2d 249, 158 USPQ 331 (CCPA 1968) 2116.01

Kaplan, In re, 789 F.2d 1574, 229 USPQ 678 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 804

Kaslow, In re, 707 F.2d 1366, 217 USPQ 1089 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 706.03(v) , 2141.02 , 2161.01 , 2163.02

Kathawala, In re, 9 F.3d 942, 28 USPQ2d 1785 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 2126 , 2126.02 , 2135.01

Katrapat, In re, 6 USPQ2d 1863 (Comm’r Pat. 1988) 711.03(c) , 2268 , 2668

Kattwinkle, Ex parte, 12 USPQ 11 (Bd. App. 1931) 608.01(v)

Katz, In re, 467 F.2d 939, 167 USPQ 487 (CCPA 1970) 706.03(w)

Katz, In re, 687 F.2d 450, 215 USPQ 14 (CCPA 1982) 715.01(c) , 716.10 , 804 , 2132 , 2132.01 , 2133 , 2136.05 , 2137 , 2138.02 , 2155.01

Kaufman Co. v. Lantech, Inc., 807 F.2d 970, 1 USPQ2d 1202 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 2293 , 2693

Kawai v. Metlesics, 480 F.2d 880, 178 USPQ 158 (CCPA 1973) 2107.02 , 2138 , 2138.05 , 2163.03

Keil, In re, 808 F.2d 830, 1 USPQ2d 1427 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 1449.02

Keizer v. Bradley, 270 F.2d 396, 123 USPQ 215 (CCPA 1959) 2138.06

Keller, In re, 642 F.2d 413, 208 USPQ 871 (CCPA 1981) 707.07(f) , 2145

Kelly, In re, 200 USPQ 560 (Comm’r Pat. 1978) 1504.05

Kelly, In re, 305 F.2d 909, 134 USPQ 397 (CCPA 1962) 2173.05(o)

Kemco Sales Inc. v. Control Papers Co., 208 F.3d 1352, 54 USPQ2d 1308 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 2103 , 2183 , 2184

Kendall v. Searles, 173 F.2d 986, 81 USPQ 363 (CCPA 1949) 2138.06

Kerkhoven, In re, 626 F.2d 846, 205 USPQ 1069 (CCPA 1980) 2144.06

Key Mfg. Group Inc. v. Microdot, Inc., 679 F. Supp. 648, 4 USPQ2d 1687 (E.D. Mich. 1987) 2293 , 2693

Keyes, Ex parte, 214 USPQ 579 (Bd. App. 1982) 716.01(c)

Keystone Driller Co. v. Gen’l Excavator Co., 290 U.S. 240, 19 USPQ 228 (1933) 2012

KeyStone Retaining Wall Systems Inc. v. Westrock Inc., 997 F.2d 1444, 27 USPQ2d 1297 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 1504.05

Khusid, Ex parte, 174 USPQ 59 (Bd. App. 1971) 2173.05(c)

Kilbey v. Thiele, 199 USPQ 290 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1978) 2137

Killian v. Watson, 121 USPQ 507 (D.D.C. 1958) 1216.02

Kim v. Quigg, 718 F. Supp. 1280, 12 USPQ2d 1604 (E.D. Va. 1989) 711.03(c)

Kimbell, Ex parte, 226 USPQ 688 (Bd. App. 1985) 2258

Kimberly-Clark v. Johnson & Johnson, 745 F.2d 1437, 223 USPQ 603 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 2138

Kimberly-Clark Corp. v. Procter & Gamble Distrib. Co., 973 F.2d 911, 23 USPQ2d 1921 (Fed. Cir. 1992) 602.09 , 2137.01

Kimura, Ex parte, 55 USPQ2d 1537 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 2000) 2308.03

King, In re, 801 F.2d 1324, 231 USPQ 136 (Fed. Cir.1986) 1206 , 2112.02 , 2131.01

King Instrument Corp. v. Otari Corp., 767 F.2d 853, 226 USPQ 402 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2133.03(a) , 2138.05

King Pharmaceuticals Inc. v. Eon Labs Inc., 616 F.3d 1267, 95 USPQ2d 1833 (Fed. Cir. 2010) 2111.05

Kirk, In re, 376 F.2d 936, 153 USPQ 48 (CCPA 1967) 2107.01 , 2107.02

Kirsch, In re, 498 F.2d 1389, 182 USPQ 286 (CCPA 1974) 2173.05(c)

Kistler v. Weber, 412 F.2d 280, 162 USPQ 214 (CCPA 1969) 2305

Klopfenstein, In re,380 F.3d 1345, 72 USPQ2d 1117 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2128.01 , 2152.02(e)

Kluis, Ex parte, 70 USPQ 165 (Bd. App. 1945) 1604

Klumb, Ex parte, 159 USPQ 694 (Bd. App. 1967) 706.03(d) , 2181

Knapp v. Anderson, 477 F.2d 588, 177 USPQ 688 (CCPA 1973) 2107.01

Knapp Monarch Co., In re, 296 F.2d 230, 132 USPQ 6 (CCPA 1961) 2144.03

Knell v. Muller, 174 USPQ 460 (Comm’r Pat. 1971) 804.02

Knight, In re, 217 USPQ 294 (Comm’r Pat. 1982) 2225 , 2258 , 2625 , 2658

Knohl, In re, 386 F.2d 476, 155 USPQ 586 (CCPA 1967) 804.02

Knowlton, In re, 481 F.2d 1357, 178 USPQ 486 (CCPA 1973) 2164.06(c) , 2181 , 2185

Knowlton, In re, 500 F.2d 266, 183 USPQ 33 (CCPA 1974) 2164.06(c)

Kochan, Ex parte, 131 USPQ 204 (Bd. App. 1961) 2173.05(n)

Kohler, Ex parte, 1905 C.D. 192., 116 O.G. 1185 (Comm’r Pat. 1905) 1503.02 , 1504.04

Kollar, In re, 286 F.3d 1326, 62 USPQ2d 1425 (Fed. Cir. 2002) 2133.03(b)

Koller, In re, 613 F.2d 819, 204 USPQ 702 (CCPA 1980) 2124 , 2163

Kollman, In re, 595 F.2d 48, 201 USPQ 193 (CCPA 1979) 716.02(d)

Kondo v. Martel, 220 USPQ 47 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1983) 2138.02

Komenak, Ex parte, 45 USPQ 186, 1940 C.D. 1, 512 O.G. 739 (Comm’r Pat. 1940) 201.09

Krahn v. Commissioner, 15 USPQ2d 1823 (E.D. Va. 1990) 711.03(c)

Krepelka, Ex parte, 231 USPQ 746 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1986) 2107.03

Krimmel, In re, 292 F.2d 948, 130 USPQ 215 (CCPA 1961) 2107.02 , 2107.03

Kristensen, Ex parte, 10 USPQ2d 1701 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1989) 2173.05(b) , 2173.05(o)

Kroekel, In re, 504 F.2d 1143, 183 USPQ 610 (CCPA 1974) 2173.05(c)

Kroekel, In re, 803 F.2d 705, 231 USPQ 640 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 715

Kroger, Ex parte, 218 USPQ 370 (Bd. App. 1982) 716.10 , 2132.01 , 2155.01

Kronig, In re, 539 F.2d 1300, 190 USPQ 425 (CCPA 1976) 1207.03

Kropa v. Robie, 187 F.2d 150, 88 USPQ 478 (CCPA 1951) 707.07(f) , 2111.02

KSR International Co. v. Teleflex Inc., 550 U.S. 398, 82 USPQ2d 1385 (2007) 2141 , 2145 , 2216 , 2242 , 2286 , 2616 , 2642 , 2686.04

Kubin, Ex parte, 83 USPQ2d 1410 (Bd. Pat. App. & Int. 2007) 2143.01

Kuehl, In re, 425 F.2d 658, 177 USPQ 250 (CCPA 1973) 2116.01

Kuhle, In re, 526 F.2d 553, 188 USPQ 7 (CCPA 1975) 2144.04

Kuklo, Ex parte, 25 USPQ2d 1387 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1992) 2133.03(a)

Kulling, In re, 897 F.2d 1147, 14 USPQ2d 1056 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 2144.05 , 2145

Kusko, Ex parte, 215 USPQ 972 (Bd. App. 1981) 2137 , 2138.01

LaBounty Mfg. Inc. v. United States Int’l Trade Comm’n, 958 F.2d 1066, 22 USPQ2d 1025 (Fed. Cir. 1992) 2004 , 2133.03 , 2133.03(e) , 2133.03(e)(2)

Lafferty, Ex parte, 190 USPQ 202 (Bd. App. 1975) 1403

L.A. Gear, Inc. v. Thom McAn Shoe Co., 988 F.2d 1117, 25 USPQ2d 1913 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 1504.01(c)

Lalu, In re, 747 F.2d 703, 223 USPQ 1257 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 2144.09

Lamb, In re, 286 F.2d 610, 128 USPQ 539 (CCPA 1961) 1504.03

Lamberti, In re, 545 F.2d 747, 192 USPQ 278 (CCPA 1976) 2144.01

Lambrech, In re, 202 USPQ 620 (Comm’r Pat. 1976) 1481.03

Lampi Corp. v. American Power Products Inc., 228 F.3d 1365, 56 USPQ2d 1445 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 2111.03

Lancaster, Ex parte, 151 USPQ 713, 1966 C.D. 20, 833 O.G. 8 (Bd. App. 1965) 1504.02

Land, In re, 368 F.2d 866, 151 USPQ 621 (CCPA 1966) 2136.04 , 2136.05

Lander, Ex parte, 223 USPQ 687 (Bd. App. 1983) 1504.02

Lange v. Comm’r, 352 F. Supp 166, 176 USPQ 162 (D. D.C. 1972) 1701.01

Langer, In re, 465 F.2d 896, 175 USPQ 169 (CCPA 1972) 2144.09

Langer, In re, 503 F.2d 1380, 183 USPQ 288 (CCPA 1974) 2107.02 , 2107.03 , 2124

Langer v. Kaufman, 465 F.2d 915, 175 USPQ 172 (CCPA 1972) 2138.04

Lanham, In re, 1 USPQ2d 1877 (Comm’r Pat. 1986) 2258

Lantech Inc. v. Kaufman Co. of Ohio, Inc., 878 F.2d 1446, 12 USPQ2d 1076 (Fed. Cir. 1989) 2145

Lapworth, In re, 451 F.2d 1094, 172 USPQ 129 (CCPA 1971) 1504

Larson, In re, 340 F.2d 965, 144 USPQ 347 (CCPA 1965) 2144.04

Larson v. Classic Corp., 683 F. Supp. 1202, 7 USPQ2d 1747 (N.D. Ill. 1988) 1504.01(c)

Lasscell, Ex parte, 1884 C.D. 66, 29 O.G. 861 (Comm’r Pat. 1884) 711.01

Lawrence, Ex parte, 70 USPQ 326, 1946 C.D. 1 (Comm’r Pat. 1946) 1457 , 1509

Leapfrog Enterprises, Inc. v. Fischer Price, Inc., 485 F.3d 1157, 82 USPQ2d 1687 (Fed. Cir. 2007) 2114 , 2143.01

Lee, Ex parte, 31 USPQ2d 1105 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1993) 706.02(m) , 2131.03

Lee Pharmaceutical v. Kreps, 577 F.2d 610, 198 USPQ 601 (9th Cir. 1978) 2127

Lee v. Dayton-Hudson Corp., 838 F.2d 1186, 5 USPQ2d 1625 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 1504

Lee, In re, 199 USPQ 108 (Comm’r Pat. 1978) 803

Leggett v. Avery, 101 U.S. 256 (1879) 1490

LeGrice, In re, 301 F.2d 929, 133 USPQ 365 (CCPA 1962) 2121.03 , 2152.02(b)

Lemelson, In re, 397 F.2d 1006, 158 USPQ 275 (CCPA 1968) 2123

Lemoine, Ex parte, 46 USPQ2d 1420 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1994) 1204

Leonard, Ex parte, 187 USPQ 122 (Bd. App. 1974) 2116

Le Roy v. Tatham, 55 U.S. (14 How.) 156 (1852) 2103 , 2106

Leshin, In re, 277 F.2d 197, 125 USPQ 416 (CCPA 1960) 2144.07

Leslie, In re, 547 F.2d 116, 192 USPQ 427 (CCPA 1977) 1503.01 , 1504.03

Levengood, Ex parte, 28 USPQ2d 1300 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1993) 2143.01 , 2144

Levy, Ex parte, 17 USPQ2d 1461 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1990) 2112

Liebel-Flarsheim Co. v. Medrad Inc., 358 F.3d 898, 69 USPQ2d 1801 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2111.01

Lincoln Engineering Co. v. Stewart-Warner Corp., 303 U.S. 545, 37 USPQ 1 (1938) 2173.05(j)

Lindberg, In re, 194 F.2d 732, 93 USPQ 23 (CCPA 1952) 2144.04

Lindell, In re, 385 F.2d 453, 155 USPQ 521 (CCPA 1967) 716.01(c)

Lindemann Maschinenfabrik GMBH v. American Hoist & Derrick Co., 730 F.2d 1452, 221 USPQ 481 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 716.03 , 2164.01 , 2164.05(a)

Lindner, In re, 457 F.2d 506, 173 USPQ 356 (CCPA 1972) 716.01(c) , 716.02(d) , 2145

Linear Tech. Corp. v. Micrel, Inc., 275 F.3d 1040, 61 USPQ2d 1225 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 2133.03(b)

Links, Ex parte, 184 USPQ 429 (Bd. App. 1974) 901.05(b) , 2135.01

Lintner, In re, 458 F.2d 1013, 173 USPQ 560 (CCPA 1972) 2142 , 2143.01 , 2144 , 2144.08 , 2145

Lister, In re, 583 F.3d 1307, 92 USPQ2d 1225 (Fed. Cir. 2009) 2152.02(e)

Litchfield v. Eigen, 535 F.2d 72, 190 USPQ 113 (CCPA 1976) 2138.06

Litton Systems, Inc. v. Whirlpool Corp., 728 F.2d 1423, 221 USPQ 97 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 601.01(e) , 716.03(b) , 1504.03

LizardTech, Inc. v. Earth Resource Mapping, Inc., 424 F.3d 1336, 76 USPQ2d 1724 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2161.01 , 2163

Ljungstrom, Ex parte, 1905 C.D. 541, 119 O.G. 2335 (Comm’r Pat. 1905) 814

Lockheed Aircraft Corporation v. United States, 193 USPQ 449 (Ct. Cl. 1977) 2183 , 2184

Lockwood v. American Airlines, Inc., 107 F.3d 1505, 41 USPQ2d 1961 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 2133.03(a) , 2163 , 2163.02

Loffland Bros. Co. v. Mid-Western Energy Corp., 225 USPQ 886 (W.D. Okla. 1985) 2286 , 2686.04

Lohman, Ex parte, 1912 C.D. 336, 184 O.G. 287 (Comm’r Pat. 1912) 1503.02

Lonardo, In re, 119 F.3d 960, 43 USPQ2d 1262 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 804 , 2217 , 2258 , 2617

Longi, In re, 759 F.2d 887, 225 USPQ 645 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 804

Lopresti, In re, 333 F.2d 932, 142 USPQ 177 (CCPA 1964) 715

Lorenz v. Finkl, 333 F.2d 885, 142 USPQ 26 (CCPA 1964) 711.03(c)

Lowry, In re, 32 F.3d 1579, 32 USPQ2d 1031 (Fed. Cir. 1994) 2111.05

Luck, In re, 476 F.2d 650, 177 USPQ 523 (CCPA 1973) 2173.05(o)

Ludtke, In re, 441 F.2d 660, 169 USPQ 563 (CCPA 1971) 2112.01 , 2114

Lukach, In re, 442 F.2d 967, 169 USPQ 795 (CCPA 1971) 211.05 , 2152.02(b) , 2163 , 2163.05

Lumenyte Int’l Corp. v. Cable Lite Corp., 92 F.3d 1206 (Fed. Cir. 1996) (table) 711.03(c)

Lund, In re, 376 F.2d 982, 153 USPQ 625 (CCPA 1967) 901.01 , 901.02 , 2127 , 2136.02

Lundak, In re, 773 F.2d 1216, 227 USPQ 90 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2163 , 2164.06 , 2164.06(a) , 2406.01

Lutzker v. Plet, 843 F.2d 1364, 6 USPQ2d 1370 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 2138.03

Lyell, Ex parte, 17 USPQ2d 1548 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1990) 2173.05(p)

Maas, Ex parte, 9 USPQ2d 1746 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1987) 2107.03

Mackay Radio & Telegraph Co. v. Radio Corp. of America, 306 U.S. 86, 40 USPQ 199 (1939) 2103

MacKay v. Quigg, 641 F. Supp 567, 231 USPQ 90 (D.D.C. 1986) 1216.02

MacMillan v. Moffett, 432 F.2d 1237, 167 USPQ 550 (CCPA 1970) 2138.04

Mageli, In re, 470 F.2d 1380, 176 USPQ 305 (CCPA 1973) 716.03(b)

Magerlein, In re, 602 F.2d 366, 202 USPQ 473 (CCPA 1979) 716.02(b)

Magnetics v. Arnold Eng’g Co., 438 F.2d 72, 168 USPQ 392 (7th Cir. 1971) 2133.03(e)(7)

Mahurkar v. C.R. Bard, Inc., 79 F.3d 1572, 38 USPQ2d 1288 (Fed. Cir. 1996) 2163

Malachowski, In re, 530 F.2d 1402, 189 USPQ 432 (CCPA 1976) 2107.02 , 2107.03

Maldague, In re, 10 USPQ2d 1477 (Comm’r Pat. 1988) 711.03(c)

Mancy, In re, 499 F.2d 1289, 182 USPQ 303 (CCPA 1974) 2116.01

Mann, In re, 861 F.2d 1581, 8 USPQ2d 2030 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 1504.02 , 1504.04 , 2133.03(e)(6)

Mannesmann Demag Corp. v. Engineered Metal Products Co., 793 F.2d 1279, 230 USPQ 45 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 2111.03

Mantell, In re, 454 F.2d 1398, 172 USPQ 530 (CCPA 1972) 715.03

Manville Sales Corp. v. Paramount Sys., Inc., 917 F.2d 544, 16 USPQ2d 1587 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 2133.03 , 2133.03(a)

Margolis, In re, 785 F.2d 1029, 228 USPQ 940 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 716.01(a)

Margolis v. Banner, 599 F.2d 435, 202 USPQ 365 (CCPA 1979) 804.03

Marinissen, Ex parte, 155 USPQ 528, 842 O.G. 528 (Bd. App. 1966) 1504.02

Markush, Ex parte, 1925 C.D. 126, 340 O.G. 839 (Comm’r Pat. 1924) 803.02 , 2173.05(h)

Marosi, In re, 710 F.2d 799, 218 USPQ 289 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 706.02(m) , 2111.01 , 2113 , 2173.05(b)

Mars Inc. v. H.J. Heinz Co ., 377 F.3d 1369, 71 USPQ2d 1837 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2111.03

Marsh Eng’g Co., In re, 1913 C.D. 183 (Comm’r Pat. 1913) 103

Martin, In re, 154 F.2d 126, 69 USPQ 75 (CCPA 1946) 1211.03

Martin v. Johnson, 454 F.2d 746, 172 USPQ 391 (CCPA 1972) 2163 , 2173.05(t)

Martin v. Mayer, 823 F.2d 500, 3 USPQ2d 1333 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 2163

Marzocchi, In re, 439 F.2d 220, 169 USPQ 367 (CCPA 1971) 2107.01 , 2107.02 , 2124 , 2163 , 2163.04 , 2164.03 , 2164.04 , 2164.08

Masco Corp. v. United States, 303 F.3d 1316, 64 USPQ2d 1182 (Fed. Cir. 2002) 2181

Masham, Ex parte, 2 USPQ2d 1647 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1987) 2114

Mas-Hamilton Group v. LaGard, Inc., 156 F.3d 1206, 48 USPQ2d 1010 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 2181

Massachusetts Institute of Technology v. A.B. Fortia, 774 F.2d 1104, 227 USPQ 428 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2128.01 , 2152.02(e) , 2164.01

Mathews, In re, 408 F.2d 1393, 161 USPQ 276 (CCPA 1969) 715.01(c) , 2136.04 , 2136.05

Mattison, In re, 509 F.2d 563, 184 USPQ 484 (CCPA 1975) 2173.05(c)

Mattor v. Coolegem, 530 F.2d 1391, 189 USPQ 201 (CCPA 1976) 2137.01

Mattson, In re, 208 USPQ 168 (Comm’r Pat. 1980) 601.01(e)

Mattullath, In re, 38 App. D.C. 497 (1912) 711.03(c) , 2734

Maucorps, In re, 609 F.2d 481, 203 USPQ 812 (CCPA 1979) 2184

May, In re, 574 F.2d 1082, 197 USPQ 601 (CCPA 1978) 716.02(c) , 2112.02 , 2144.08 , 2144.09

Mayewsky, In re, 860 F.2d 430, 162 USPQ 86 (E.D. Va. 1969) 1701.01

Mayhew, In re, 527 F.2d 1229, 188 USPQ 356 (CCPA 1976) 2163 , 2163.05 , 2164.08(c) , 2172.01 , 2174

Mayne, In re, 104 F.3d 1339, 41 USPQ2d 1451 (Fed. Cir. 1977) 2144.09 , 2145

Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Labs., Inc., 566 U.S. __, 132 S.Ct. 1289, 101 USPQ2d 1961 (2012) 2106.01

Mazer v. Stein, 347 U.S. 201, 100 USPQ 325 (1954) 1512

Maziere, Ex parte, 27 USPQ2d 1705 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1993) 608.01(p)

MBO Laboratories, Inc. v. Becton, Dickinson & Co., 602 F.3d 1306, 94 USPQ2d 1598 (Fed. Cir. 2010) 1412.02

McCulloch Gas Processing Co. v. Dept. of Energy, 650 F.2d 1216 (Temp. Emer. Ct. App. 1981) 1701.01

McCullough, Ex parte, 7 USPQ2d 1889 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1987) 2145

McGaughey, Ex parte, 6 USPQ2d 1334 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1988) 2217 , 2258 , 2617

McGrady v. Aspenglas Corp., 487 F. Supp 859, 208 USPQ 242 (S.D. N.Y. 1981) 1503.01 , 1504.01(a)

McGrew, In re, 120 F.3d 1236, 43 USPQ2d 1632 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 715.05 , 2304.02(c)

McKellin, In re, 529 F.2d 1342, 188 USPQ 428 (CCPA 1976) 715

McKenna, In re, 203 F.2d 717, 97 USPQ 348 (CCPA 1953) 716.01(c)

McLaughlin, In re, 443 F.2d 1392, 170 USPQ 209 (CCPA 1971) 707.07(f) , 2145

Mead, In re, 581 F.2d 251, 198 USPQ 412 (CCPA 1978) 1412.01

Mead Johnson & Co., Ex parte, 227 USPQ 78 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1985) 716.02(a)

Mead Johnson Pharmaceutical Group v. Bowen, 838 F.2d 1332, 6 USPQ2d 1565 (DC Cir. 1988) 2754.01

Medical Instrumentation and Diagnostics Corp. v. Elekta AB, 344 F.3d 1205, 68 USPQ2d 1263 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2181 , 2182

Medrad, Inc. v. Tyco Healthcare Group LP, 466 F.3d 1047, 80 USPQ2d 1526 (Fed. Cir. 2006) 1402 , 2173.02

Medtronic, Inc. v. Cardiac Pacemakers, 721 F.2d 1563, 220 USPQ 97 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 2141.01(a)

Meitzner v. Corte, 537 F.2d 524, 190 USPQ 407 (CCPA 1976) 2138.05

Mendenhall v. Cedarapids, Inc., 5 F.3d 1557, 28 USPQ2d 1081 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 211.05

Mentor Corp. v. Coloplast, Inc., 998 F.2d 992, 27 USPQ2d 1521 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 1412.02

Merchant, In re, 575 F.2d 865, 197 USPQ 785 (CCPA 1978) 716.02(e)

Merck & Co. v. Biocraft Laboratories, 874 F.2d 804, 10 USPQ2d 1843 (Fed. Cir. 1989) 716.02(a) , 2123 , 2144.05 , 2144.08

Merck & Co., Inc., In re, 800 F.2d 1091, 231 USPQ 375 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 707.07(f) , 716.02 , 2143.02 , 2144.08 , 2144.09 , 2145

Merck & Co., Inc. v. Chase Chem. Co., 273 F. Supp 68, 155 USPQ 139 (D.N.J. 1967) 2402

Merck & Co., Inc. v. Hi-Tech Pharmacal, Co., Inc., 2751 482 F.3d 1317, 82 USPQ2d 1203 (Fed. Cir. 2007) 2751

Merck & Co., Inc., v. Teva Pharms. USA, Inc., 395 F.3d 1364, 73 USPQ2d 1641 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2111.01

Mergenthaler v. Scudder, 11 App. D.C., 1897 C.D. 724, 81 O.G. 1417 (D.C. Cir. 1897) 706.02(l)(2) , 715 , 715.07

Merz, Ex parte, 75 USPQ 296 (Bd. App. 1947) 715

Messick, Ex parte, 7 USPQ 57, 1930 C.D. 6, 400 O.G. 3 (Comm’r Pat.1930) 710.01(a)

Metabolite Labs., Inc. v. Lab. Corp. of Am. Holdings, 370 F.3d 1354, 71 USPQ2d 1081 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2111.02 , 2112 , 2173.02

Metcalfe, In re, 410 F.2d 1378, 161 USPQ 789 (CCPA 1969) 608.01(v) , 2404.01

Metropolitan Eng. Co. v. Coe, 78 F.2d 199, 25 USPQ 216 (D.C. Cir. 1935) 716.07

Meyer, Ex parte, 6 USPQ2d 1966 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1988) 2145

Meyer, In re, 599 F.2d 1026, 202 USPQ 175 (CCPA 1979) 2131.02

Meyer, In re, 688 F.2d 789, 215 USPQ 193 (CCPA 1982) 2106 , 2184

Michalek, In re, 162 F.2d 229, 74 USPQ 107 (CCPA 1947) 716.07

Micro Chemical, Inc. v. Great Plains Chemical Co., 103 F.3d 1538, 41 USPQ2d 1238 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 2133.03(b)

Milburn v. Davis-Bournonville Co., 270 U.S. 390, 46 S. Ct. 324, 1926 C.D. 303, 344 O.G. 817 (1926) 2136.04

Miles Labs. Inc. v. Shandon Inc., 997 F.2d 870, 27 USPQ2d 1123 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 716.01(a)

Miller, In re, 418 F.2d 1392, 164 USPQ 46 (CCPA 1969) 706.03(a) , 2106 ,

Miller, In re, 441 F.2d 689, 169 USPQ 597 (CCPA 1971) 2173.04

Miller v. Eagle Mfg. Co., 151 U.S. 186 (1894) 804

Mills, In re, 281 F.2d 218, 126 USPQ 513 (CCPA 1960) 2144.09

Mills, In re, 916 F.2d 680, 16 USPQ2d 1430 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 2144.08

Mills, In re, 12 USPQ2d 1847 (Comm’r Pat. 1989) 711.03(c)

Milton, Ex parte, 63 USPQ 132 (P.O. Super. Exam. 1938) 710.04(a)

Mineral Separation v. Hyde, 242 U.S. 261 (1916) 2164.01

Minton v. Natl. Ass’n. of Securities Dealers, 336 F.3d 1373, 67 USPQ2d 1614 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2106 , 2111.04 , 2133.03(c)

Miyazaki, Ex parte, 89 USPQ2d 1207 (BPAI 2008) 2173.05(b) >

Mlot-Fijalkowski, In re, 676 F.2d 666, 213 USPQ 713 (CCPA 1982) 2141.01(a)

Moba, B.V. v. Diamond Automation, Inc., 325 F.3d 1306, 66 USPQ2d 1429 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2163

Mochel, In re, 470 F.2d 638, 176 USPQ 194 (CCPA 1974) 2173.05(c)

Mogen David Wine Corp., In re, 328 F.2d 925, 140 USPQ 575 (CCPA 1964) 1512

Moleculon Research Corp. v. CBS, Inc., 793 F.2d 1261, 229 USPQ 805 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 2111.03 , 2133.03(a) , 2133.03(b)

Moler v. Purdy, 131 USPQ 276 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1960) 2137.01

Molins, In re, 368 F.2d 258, 151 USPQ 570 (CCPA 1996) 1449.02

Molins PLC v. Textron Inc., 48 F.3d 1172, 33 USPQ2d 1823 (Fed. Cir. 1995) 2004

Monks, In re, 588 F.2d 308, 200 USPQ 129 (CCPA 1978) 901.05 , 901.05(b) , 1504 , 2126.01 , 2135.01

Monogram Mfg. v. F & H Mfg., 62 USPQ 409 (9th Cir. 1944) 2133.03(e)(1)

Monsanto Co. v. Kamp, 269 F. Supp 818, 154 USPQ 259 (D.D.C. 1967) 602.09 , 1216.02

Moore, In re, 439 F.2d 1232, 169 USPQ 236 (CCPA 1971) 1504.04 , 2161.01 , 2164.08 , 2172

Moore, In re, 444 F.2d 572, 170 USPQ 260 (CCPA 1971) 715.07

Moore v. U.S., 194 USPQ 423 (Ct. Cl. 1977) 2134

Morehouse, In re, 545 F.2d 162, 192 USPQ 29 (CCPA 1976) 2164.06(c)

Moreton, In re, 288 F.2d 708, 129 USPQ 227 (CCPA 1961) 2121

Morgan, In re, 990 F.2d 1230, 26 USPQ2d 1392 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 1415.01 , 1443

Morris, In re, 127 F.3d 1048, 44 USPQ2d 1023 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 904.01 , 2111 , 2111.01 , 2163 , 2173.05(a) , 2181

Morse v. Porter, 155 USPQ 280 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1965) 2137.01 , 2138.04

Morton, Ex parte, 134 USPQ 407 (Bd. App. 1961) 2173.05(t)

Morton Int’l, Inc. v. Cardinal Chem. Co., 5 F.3d 1464, 28 USPQ2d 1190 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 2173.02

Morway v. Bondi, 203 F.2d 742, 97 USPQ 318 (CCPA 1953) 2138.06

Mosher, In re, 248 F.2d 956, 115 USPQ 140 (CCPA 1957) 1216.01

Mostafazadeh, In re, 643 F.3d 1353, 98 USPQ2d 1639 (Fed. Cir. 2011) 1412.02

Mott, In re, 539 F.2d 1291, 190 USPQ 536 (CCPA 1976) 804 , 2181

Mowry, Ex parte, 91 USPQ 219 (Bd. App. 1950) 2144.09

Mowry v. Whitney, 81 U.S. (14 Wall.) 620 (1871) 2164.07

Mraz, In re, 455 F.2d 1069, 173 USPQ 25 (CCPA 1972) 2125

MSM Investments Co. v. Carolwood Corp., 259 F.3d 1335, 59 USPQ2d 1856 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 2111.01

Mulder, In re, 716 F.2d 1542, 219 USPQ 189 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 2138.06 , 2183 , 2184

Multiform Desiccants Inc. v. Medzam Ltd., 133 F.3d 1473, 45 USPQ2d 1429 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 2111.01

Multiple Litigation Involving Frost Patent, In re, 540 F.2d 601, 185 USPQ 729 (3d Cir. 1976) 2016

Murray, Ex parte, 1891 Dec. Comm’r Pat. 130 (1891) 711.03(c)

Naber v. Cricchi, 567 F.2d 382, 196 USPQ 294 (CCPA 1977) 2138.06

Nalbandian, In re, 661 F.2d 1214, 211 USPQ 782 (CCPA 1981) 1504.02 , 1504.03

Napier, In re, 55 F.3d 610, 34 USPQ2d 1782 (Fed. Cir. 1995) 2112

Naquin, In re, 398 F.2d 863, 158 USPQ 317 (CCPA 1968) 2164.05(b) , 2164.06(c)

Nehrenberg, In re, 280 F.2d 161, 126 USPQ 383 (CCPA 1960) 2173.05(b)

Nelson, In re, 280 F.2d 172, 126 USPQ 242 (CCPA 1960) 2165

Nelson, In re, 420 F.2d 1079, 164 USPQ 458 (CCPA 1970) 715.07(a)

Nelson v. Bowler, 626 F.2d 853, 206 USPQ 881 (CCPA 1980) 2107.01 , 2107.02 , 2107.03 , 2138.05

Net MoneyIN, Inc. v. VeriSign, Inc., 545 F.3d 1359, 88 USPQ2d 1751 (Fed. Cir. 2008) 2152.02(b)

New England Braiding Co. v. A.W. Chesterton Co., 970 F.2d 878, 23 USPQ2d 1622 (Fed. Cir. 1992) 2137.01

New Idea Farm Equip. Corp. v. Sperry Corp., 916 F.2d 1561, 16 USPQ2d 1424 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 2138

New Railhead Mfg., L.L.C. v. Vermeer Mfg. Co., 298 F.3d 1290, 63 USPQ2d 1843 (Fed. Cir. 2002) 211.05 , 2163

Newell Cos. v. Kenney Mfg. Co., 864 F.2d 757, 9 USPQ2d 1417 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 716.01(d) , 716.04

Newkirk v. Lulejian, 825 F.2d 1581, 3 USPQ2d 1793 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 715.07

Newman v. Quigg, 877 F.2d 1575, 11 USPQ2d 1340 (Fed. Cir. 1989) 2107.01

Newton, In re, 414 F.2d 1400, 163 USPQ 34 (CCPA 1969) 2161 , 2165.02

Ngai, In re, 367 F.3d 1336, 70 USPQ2d 1862 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2112.01

Nievelt, In re, 482 F.2d 965, 179 USPQ 224 (CCPA 1973) 2145

Nilssen, In re, 851 F.2d 1401, 7 USPQ2d 1500 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 1701.01 , 2143.01 , 2144

Nitinol Medical Technologies Inc., In re, 17 USPQ2d 1492 (Comm’r Pat. & Tm. 1990) 2751

Nitto Chemical Indus. Co. v. Comer, 39 USPQ2d 1778 (D.D.C. 1994) 513

Nitz v. Ehrenreich, 537 F.2d 539, 190 USPQ 413 (CCPA 1976) 2301.03

Noah Systems Inc. v. Intuit Inc., 675 F.3d 1302, 1312 (Fed. Cir. 2012) 2181

Noelle v. Lederman, 355 F.3d 1343, 69 USPQ2d 1508 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2163

Nolan, In re, 553 F.2d 1261, 193 USPQ 641 (CCPA 1977) 716.02(b) , 716.02(c)

Nolden, Ex parte, 149 USPQ 378 (Bd. Pat. App. 1965) 2172.01

Noll, In re, 545 F.2d 141, 191 USPQ 721 (CCPA 1976) 2163 , 2181 , 2184

Nomiya, In re, 509 F.2d 566, 184 USPQ 607 (CCPA 1975) 2129 , 2258

NOMOS Corp. v. BrainLAB USA Inc., 357 F.3d 1364, 69 USPQ2d 1853 ( Fed. Cir. 2004) 2184

Norco Products, Inc. v. Mecca Development, Inc., 617 F. Supp 1079, 227 USPQ 724 (D. Conn. 1985) 1504.01(c)

Nordberg, Inc. v. Telsmith, Inc., 82 F.3d 394, 38 USPQ2d 1593 (Fed. Cir. 1996) 410

Norian Corp. v. Stryker Corp., 363 F.3d 1321, 70 USPQ2d 1508 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2111.03

Norlund, Ex parte, 1913 C.D. 161, 192 O.G. 989 (Comm’r Pat. 1913) 1213.01 , 2681

North American Container, Inc. v. Plastipak Packaging, Inc., 415 F.3d 1335, 75 USPQ2d 1545 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 1412.02

Northam Warren Corp. v. D. F. Newfield Co., 7 F. Supp 773, 22 USPQ 313 (E.D.N.Y. 1934) 2112.01

Northern Telecom, Inc. v. Datapoint Corp., 908 F.2d 931, 15 USPQ2d 1321 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 2128.01

Northern Telecom Ltd. v. Samsung Electronics Co., 215 F.3d 1281, 55 USPQ2d 1065 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 2165.01

Norton v. Curtiss, 433 F.2d 779, 167 USPQ 532 (CCPA 1970) 2012

Novak, In re, 306 F.2d 924, 134 USPQ 335 (CCPA 1962) 2107.02 , 2107.03

Novitski, Ex parte, 26 USPQ2d 1389 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1993) 2112.02

Novo Industries L.P. v. Micro Molds Corp., 350 F.3d 1348, 69 USPQ2d 1128 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 1481

Noznick, In re, 478 F.2d 1260, 178 USPQ 43 (CCPA 1973) 716.03(b)

NTP, Inc. v Research in Motion, Ltd., 418 F.3d 1282, 1316, 75 USPQ2d 1763 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2106

Nuijten, In re, 500 F.3d 1346, 84 USPQ2d 1495 (Fed. Cir. 2007) 2106 , 2107.01

Obiaya, Ex parte, 227 USPQ 58 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1985) 707.07(f) , 2145 , 2258

Ochiai, In re, 71 F.3d 1565, 37 USPQ2d 1127 (Fed. Cir. 1995) 706.02(n) , 2116.01 , 2158

Ockert, In re, 245 F.2d 467, 114 USPQ 330 (CCPA 1957) 804

Oda, In re, 443 F.2d 1200, 170 USPQ 268 (CCPA 1971) 2163 , 2163.07

OddzOn Products, Inc. v. Just Toys, Inc., 122 F.3d 1396, 43 USPQ2d 1641 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 706.02(l) , 2004

Odetics Inc. v. Storage Tech. Corp ., 185 F.3d 1259, 51 USPQ2d 1225 (Fed. Cir. 1999) 2183 , 2184

Oelrich, In re, 579 F.2d 86, 198 USPQ 210 (CCPA 1978) 716.01(c) , 2144.08

Oelrich, In re, 666 F.2d 578, 212 USPQ 323 (CCPA 1981) 2112

Oetiker, Ex parte, 23 USPQ2d 1641 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1992) 2173.05(b)

Oetiker, In re, 977 F.2d 1443, 24 USPQ2d 1443 (Fed. Cir. 1992) 707.07(f) , 716.01(d) , 1504.01(a) , 2107.02 , 2142 , 2145 , 2164.07

O’Farrell, In re, 853 F.2d 894, 7 USPQ2d 1673 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 2143.01 , 2143.02 , 2144.08 , 2145

Oguie, In re, 517 F.2d 1382, 186 USPO 227 (CCPA 1975) 706.03(u) , 2304.04(b)

Ohshiro, Ex parte, 14 USPQ2d 1750 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1989) 2163.05

O.I. Corp. v. Tekmar Corp., 115 F.3d 1576, 42 USPQ2d 1777 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 2181

Oka v. Youssefyeh, 849 F.2d 581, 7 USPQ2d 1169 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 2138.04

Okajima v. Bourdeau, 261 F.3d 1350, 59 USPQ2d 1795 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 2141.03

Okuzawa, In re, 537 F.2d 545, 190 USPQ 464 (CCPA 1976) 2111.01

Olah, Ex parte, 131 USPQ 41 (Bd. App. 1960) 213.03 , 706.02(a) , 901.05 , 2133 , 2135.01

Onda, In re, 229 USPQ 235 (Comm’r Pat. 1985) 706.02(l)(2) , 2285 , 2686.03

Opinion of Hon. Edward Bates, 10 Op. Atty. Gen. 137 (1861) 602.08(b)

Oppenauer, In re, 143 F.2d 974, 62 USPQ 297 (CCPA 1944) 716.09

O’Reilly v. Morse, 56 U.S. (15 How.) 62 (1854) 706.03(a) , 2106

Orita, In re, 550 F.2d 1277, 193 USPQ 145 (CCPA 1977) 1412.01 , 1457

Orthokinetics, Inc. v. Safety Travel Chairs, Inc., 806 F.2d 1565, 1 USPQ2d 1081 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 2173.02 , 2173.05(b)

Ortho-McNeil Pharm., Inc. v. Caraco Pharm. Labs., Ltd., 476 F.3d 1321, 1326, 81 USPQ2d 1427, 1432 (Fed. Cir. 2007) 2173.05(b)

Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical, Inc. v. Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 603 F.3d 1377, 95 USPQ2d 1246, (Fed. Cir. 2010) 2751

Orthopedic Equip. Co., Inc. v. All Orthopedic Appliances, Inc., 707 F.2d 1376, 217 USPQ 1281 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 716.04

Osmond, Ex parte, 191 USPQ 334 (Bd. App. 1973) 711.06(a) , 2136

Osmond, Ex parte, 191 USPQ 340 (Bd. App. 1976) 711.06(a)

Osram Syvania Inc., v. America Induction Tech., 701 F.3d 698, 705 (Fed. Cir. 2008) 2131.02

Ott v. Goodpasture, 40 USPQ2d 1831 (D. N.Tex. 1996) 410

Otto, In re, 312 F.2d 937, 136 USPQ 458 (CCPA 1963) 2111.02 , 2115

Ovist, Ex parte, 152 USPQ 709 (Bd. App. 1963) 901.05 , 2126.02

Ovshinsky, Ex parte, 10 USPQ2d 1075 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1989) 715.07

Owens, In re, 710 F.3d 1362, 106 USPQ2d 1248 (Fed. Cir. 2013) 1503.02

Pac-Tec Inc. v. Amerace Corp., 903 F.2d 796, 14 USPQ2d 1871 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 2111.02 , 2163

Palmer, In re, 451 F.2d 1100, 172 USPQ 126 (CCPA 1971) 716.01(a)

Panagrossi, In re, 277 F.2d 181, 125 USPQ 410 (CCPA 1960) 2174

Pandrol USA, LP v. Airboss Railway Products, Inc., 320 F.3d 1654, 65 USPQ2d 1985, (Fed. Cir. 2003) 1302.04

Panduit Corp. v. Dennison Mfg. Co., 774 F.2d 1082, 227 USPQ 337 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 716.06 , 1504.03 , 2134

Panduit Corp. v. Dennison Mfg. Co., 810 F.2d 1561, 1 USPQ2d 1593 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 2141.01 , 2141.02 , 2144.08 , 2158

Pannu v. Storz Instruments Inc., 258 F.3d 1366, 59 USPQ2d 1597 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 1412.02

Pantzer, Ex parte, 176 USPQ 141 (Bd App. 1972) 2173.05(o)

Paperless Accounting v. Bay Area Rapid Transit System, 804 F.2d 659, 231 USPQ 649 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 2133.01

Papesch, In re, 315 F.2d 381, 137 USPQ 43 (CCPA 1963) 716.02(a) , 2141.02 , 2144.08 , 2144.09

Pappas, Ex parte, 23 USPQ2d 1636 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1992) 1503.01 , 1504.04 , 2141.01(a) , 2173.05(b)

Papst-Motoren, In re, 1 USPQ2d 1655 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1986) 2258

Paragon Podiatry Laboratory, Inc. v. KLM Labs., Inc., 984 F.2d 1182, 25 USPQ2d 1561 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 410 , 2133.03(e)(2)

Parker v. Flook, 437 U.S. 584, 198 USPQ 193 (1978) 2106

Parker v. Frilette, 462 F.2d 544, 174 USPQ 321 (CCPA 1972) 2138.05

Parks, Ex parte, 30 USPQ2d 1234 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1993) 2173.05(i)

Patent No. 4,409,763, In re, 7 USPQ2d 1798 (Comm’r Pat. 1988) 2590

Patent Term Extension Application, US Patent No. 3,849,549, In re, 226 USPQ 283 (Pat. & Tm. Office 1985) 2751

Patlex Corp. v. Mossinghoff, 771 F.2d 480, 226 USPQ 985 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2225 , 2240 , 2244 , 2249 , 2625 , 2640

Patlex Corp. v. Mossinghoff, 758 F.2d 594, 225 USPQ 243 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2211 , 2611

Patlex Corp. v. Quigg, 680 F. Supp. 33, 6 USPQ2d 1296 (D. D.C. 1988) 2246 , 2646

Paulik v. Rizkalla, 760 F.2d 1270, 226 USPQ 224 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2138.01 , 2138.03

Paulsen, In re, 30 F.3d 1475, 31 USPQ2d 1671 (Fed. Cir. 1994) 716.03 , 2114 , 2144.08

Payne, Ex parte, 1904 C.D. 42, 108 O.G. 1049 (Comm’r Pat. 1903) 707.07(g)

Payne, In re, 606 F.2d 303, 203 USPQ 245 (CCPA 1979) 716.02(a) , 716.02(e) , 2144.09

Peeler v. Miller, 535 F.2d 647, 190 USPQ 117 (CCPA 1976) 2138.03

Peck, Ex parte, 1901 C.D. 136, 96 O.G. 2409 (Comm’r Pat. 1901) 608.02(f)

Penn Yan Boats, Inc. v. Sea Lark Boats Inc., 354 F. Supp 948, 175 USPQ 260 (S.D. Fla. 1972) 2004

Pennwalt Corp. v. Akzona, Inc., 740 F.2d 1573, 222 USPQ 833 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 2133.03(e)

Pennwalt Corp. v. Durand-Wayland, Inc., 833 F.2d 931, 4 USPQ2d 1737 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 2184

Pentec, Inc. v. Graphic Controls Corp., 776 F.2d 309, 227 USPQ 766 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 716.03(b) , 716.06 , 2141.01(a)

Personalized Media Communications LLC v. ITC, 161 F.3d 696, 48 USPQ2d 1880 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 2181

Petering, In re, 301 F.2d 676, 133 USPQ 275 (CCPA 1962) 2131.02 , 2131.03 , 2144.08

Peters, In re, 723 F.2d 891, 221 USPQ 952 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 2163.05

Petersen v. Fee Int’l Ltd., 381 F. Supp 1071, 182 USPQ 264 (W.D. Okla. 1974) 2134

Peterson, Ex parte, 49 USPQ 119, 1941 C.D. 8 (Comm’r Pat. 1941) 710.02(b)

Peterson, Ex parte, 63 USPQ 99 (Bd. App. 1944) 901.02

Peterson, In re, 315 F.3d 1325, 65 USPQ2d 1379 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 716.02(d) , 2144.05

Pfaff v. Wells Elecs., Inc., 525 U.S. 55, 48 USPQ2d 1641 (1998) 706.02(l)(2) , 2133.03(b) , 2133.03(c) , 2152.02(d) , 2163 , 2163.02

Pfizer, Inc. v. Apotex Inc., 480 F.3d 1348, 82 USPQd 1321 (Fed. Cir. 2007) 2143.01 , 2145

Phelan, In re, 205 F.2d 183, 98 USPQ 156 (CCPA 1953) 804

Philco Corp. v. Admiral Corp., 199 F. Supp. 797 131 USPQ 413 (D. Del. 1961) 1503.02 , 1504.04 , 2133.03(e)(1)

Phillips v. AWH Corp., 415 F.3d 1303, 75 USPQ2d 1321 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2111 , 2111.01 , 2143.01 , 2258

PhotoCure ASA v. Kappos, 603 F.3d 1372, 95 USPQ2d 1250 (Fed. Cir. 2010) 2751

Piasecki, In re, 745 F.2d 1468, 223 USPQ 785 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 716.01(d) , 2107.02 , 2142 , 2145

Pierce v. Allen B. DuMont Laboratories, Inc., 297 F.2d 323, 131 USPQ 340 (3d Cir. 1961) 804

Pierce v. Watson, 275 F.2d 890, 124 USPQ 356 (D.C. Cir. 1960) 715.01(b)

Pilkington, In re, 411 F.2d 1345, 162 USPQ 145 (CCPA 1969) 2173.05(o)

PIN/NIP, Inc. v. Platte Chem. Co., 304 F.3d 1235, 64 USPQ2d 1344 (Fed. Cir. 2002) 2163

Pio, In re, 217 F.2d 956, 104 USPQ 177 (CCPA 1954) 716.07

Pitney Bowes, Inc. v. Hewlett-Packard Co., 182 F.3d 1298, 51 USPQ2d 1161 (Fed. Cir. 1999) 2111.02

Plant Genetic Sys., N.V. v. DeKalb Genetics Corp., 315 F.3d 1335, 65 USPQ2d 1452 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2164.08

Plastic Contact Lens Co. v. Gottschalk, 484 F.2d 837, 179 USPQ 262 (D.C. Cir. 1973) 706.03(w)

Platner, In re, 155 USPQ 222 (Comm’r Pat. 1967) 1504.05

Pleuddemann, In re, 910 F.2d 823, 15 USPQ2d 1738 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 2116.01

Plumb, In re, 470 F.2d 1403, 176 USPQ 323 (CCPA 1973) 715.03

Polumbo v. Don-Joy Co., 762 F.2d 969, 226 USPQ 5 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2183 , 2184

Poly-America LP v. GSE Lining Tech. Inc., 383 F.3d 1303, 72 USPQ2d 1685 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2111.02 , 2133.03(c)

Porter, Ex parte, 25 USPQ2d 1144 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1992) 608.01(n) , 2173.05(e) , 2173.05(f) , 2173.05(q)

Portola Packaging, Inc., In re, 110 F.3d 786, 42 USPQ2d 1295 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 2258.01

Potter v. Dann, 201 USPQ 574 (D.D.C. 1978) 711.03(c)

Pottier, In re, 376 F.2d 328, 153 USPQ 407 (CCPA 1967) 2107.02

PPG Ind. v. Guardian Ind., 75 F.3d 1558, 37 USPQ2d 1618 (Fed. Cir. 1996) 2164.06(b)

PPG Industries v. Guardian Industries, 156 F.3d 1351, 48 USPQ2d 1351 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 2111.03 , 2163

Prater, In re, 415 F.2d 1393, 162 USPQ 541 (CCPA 1969) 2111 , 2172 , 2173.05(a) , 2173.05(q) , 2411.01

Pratt, Ex parte, 1887 Dec. Comm’r Pat. 31 (Comm’r Pat. 1887) 711.03(c) , 2734

Preda, In re, 401 F.2d 825, 159 USPQ 342 (CCPA 1968) 2144.01

President and Fellows of Harvard College v. Rea, 2013 WL 2152635 (E.D.Va. May 15, 2013) 1490

Price v. Symsek, 988 F.2d 1187, 26 USPQ2d 1031 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 2137 , 2138.01

Process Control Corp. v. HydReclaim Corp., 190 F.3d 1350, 52 USPQ2d 1029 (Fed. Cir. 1999) 706.03(d) , 2173.05(a)

Protein Found., Inc. v. Brenner, 260 F. Supp 519, 151 USPQ 561 (D.D.C. 1966) 706.02(a)

Purdue Pharma L.P. v. Faulding, Inc., 230 F.3d 1320, 56 USPQ2d 1481 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 2163 , 2163.05

Quad Environmental Technologies Corp. v. Union Sanitary District, 946 F.2d 870, 20 USPQ2d 1392 (Fed. Cir. 1991) 804.02

Quadranti, Ex parte, 25 USPQ2d 1071 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1992) 2144.06

Quayle, Ex parte, 25 USPQ 74, 1935 C.D. 11, 453 O.G. 213 (Comm’r Pat. 1935) 706.07(h) , 710.02(b) , 714.03 , 714.14 , 714.15 , 2266.01 , 2731

Rackham, Ex parte, 1923 C.D. 4 (Comm’r Pat. 1922) 901.05

Radio Corp. of America v. Radio Eng’g Labs., Inc., 293 U.S. 1, 21 USPQ 353 (1934) 2138.01

Radio Steel and Mfg. Co. v. MTD Products, Inc., 731 F.2d 840, 221 USPQ 657 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 2173.05(j)

Rainer, In re, 305 F.2d 505, 134 USPQ 343 (CCPA 1962) 2124

Rainer, In re, 390 F.2d 771, 156 USPQ 334 (CCPA 1968) 715.03

Ralston Purina Co. v. Far-Mar-Co., Inc., 772 F.2d 1570, 227 USPQ 177 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2163.02

Rapoport v. Dement, 254 F.3d 1053, 59 USPQ2d 1215 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 2111.01

Rasmussen v. SmithKline Beecham Corp., 413 F.3d 1318, 75 USPQ2d 1297 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2152.02(b)

Rasmussen, In re, 650 F.2d 1212, 211 USPQ 323 (CCPA 1981) 706.03(o) , 1504.04 , 2163 , 2163.01 , 2163.04 , 2163.05 , 2163.06

Ratny, In re, 24 USPQ2d 1713 (Comm’r Pat. 1992) 323

Ratti, In re, 270 F.2d 810, 123 USPQ 349 (CCPA 1959) 2143.01

Ray v. Lehman, 55 F.3d 606, 34 USPQ2d 1786 (Fed. Cir. 1995) 2590 , 2734

Raytek, Inc. v. Solfan Systems, Inc., 211 USPQ 405 (N.D. Cal., 1981) 2286 , 2686.04

Raytheon v. Roper, 724 F.2d 951, 220 USPQ 592 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 2107.02 , 2164.08

RCA Corp. v. Data Gen. Corp., 887 F.2d 1056, 12 USPQ2d 1449 (Fed. Cir. 1989) 2133.03 , 2133.03(b) , 2133.03(e)(3)

Reading & Bates Construction Co. v. Baker Energy, 748 F.2d 645, 223 USPQ 1168 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 2129

Rebstock v. Flouret, 191 USPQ 342 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1975) 2138.06

Reckitt & Colman Products Ltd., In re, 230 USPQ 369 (Comm’r Pat. & Tm. 1986) 2755.01

Recreative Technologies, In re, 83 F.3d 1394, 38 USPQ2d 1776 (Fed. Cir. 1996) 2242 , 2246 , 2642 , 2646

Red Cross Mfg. v. Toro Sales Co., 525 F.2d 1135, 188 USPQ 241 (7th Cir. 1975) 2133.03(e)(1)

Reed v. Quigg, 110 F.R.D. 363, 230 USPQ 2 (D.D.C. 1986) 2279

Reeves Bros., Inc. v. U.S. Laminating Corp., 282 F. Supp. 118, 157 USPQ 235 (E.D. N.Y. 1968) 901.05

Refac Int’l Ltd. v. Lotus Development Corp., 81 F.3d 1576, 38 USPQ2d 1665 (Fed. Cir. 1996) 410

Regents of the University of California v. Eli Lilly & Co., 119 F.3d 1559, 43 USPQ2d 1398 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 2111.03 , 2161.01 , 2163 , 2163.02 , 2163.03

Reid, In re, 179 F.2d 998, 84 USPQ 478 (CCPA 1950) 716.07

Rekers, In re, 203 USPQ 1034 (Comm’r Pat. 1979) 804.03

Remark, Ex parte, 15 USPQ2d 1498 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1990) 716.03 , 716.03(b) , 2144.08

Remington, Ex parte, 1905 C.D. 28, 114 O.G. 694 (Comm’r Pat. 1904) 1503.01

Renishaw PLC v. Marposs Societa’ per Azioni, 158 F.3d 1243, 48 USPQ2d 1117 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 804

Research Corp. Technologies v. Microsoft Corp., 677 F.3d 859, 97 USPQ2d 1274 (Fed. Cir. 2010) 2106

Reuge, Ex parte, 115 USPQ 51 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1957) 901.05 , 901.05(b)

Reuter, In re, 651 F.2d 751, 210 USPQ 249 (CCPA 1981) 1901.06

Rexnord Corp. v. Laitram Corp., 274 F.3d 1336, 60 USPQ2d 1851 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 2111.01

Rey-Bellet v. Engelhardt, 493 F.2d 1380, 181 USPQ 453 (CCPA 1974) 2107.02 , 2138.05

Reynolds, In re, 443 F.2d 384, 170 USPQ 94 (CCPA 1971) 2163.07(a)

Richardson, Ex Parte, 1906 Dec. Comm’r Pat. 83 (1905) 711.03(c)

Richardson v. Suzuki Motor Co., 868 F.2d 1226, 9 USPQ2d 1913 (Fed. Cir. 1989) 2131

Richardson-Vicks, Inc. v. The Upjohn Co., 122 F.3d 1476, 44 USPQ2d 1181 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 716.01(d)

Richman, In re, 409 F.2d 269, 161 USPQ 359 (CCPA 1969) 1412.02

Rieser v. Williams, 225 F.2d 419, 118 USPQ 96 (CCPA 1958) 2138.06 , 2307

Rijckaert, In re, 9 F.3d 1531, 28 USPQ2d 1955 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 2112 , 2141.02 , 2144.08

Rinehart, Ex parte, 10 USPQ2d 1719 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1985) 2404.01

Rinehart, In re, 531 F.2d 1048, 189 USPQ 143 (CCPA 1976) 2107.02 , 2142 , 2143.02 , 2144.04

Riverwood Int’l Corp. v. R.A. Jones & Co., 324 F.3d 1346, 66 USPQ2d 1331 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 706.02 , 2129 , 2141.01 , 2152.03

Robbins Co. v. Lawrence Mfg. Co., 482 F.2d 426, 178 USPQ 577 (9th Cir. 1973) 2133.03(d) , 2133.03(e)(1) , 2133.03(e)(4)

Roberts, In re, 470 F.2d 1399, 176 USPQ 313 (CCPA 1973) 2181

Robertson, In re, 169 F.3d 743, 49 USPQ2d 1949 (Fed. Cir. 1999) 2112 , 2114 , 2163 , 2163.07(a)

Robins, In re, 429 F.2d 452, 166 USPQ 552 (CCPA 1970) 2163

Roche Products v. Bolar Pharmaceuticals, 733 F.2d 858, 221 USPQ 937 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 2750

Rodime PLC v. Seagate Technology, Inc.,174 F.3d 1294, 50 USPQ2d 1429 (Fed. Cir. 1999) 2181

Rohm & Haas Co. v. Crystal Chem.Co., 722 F.2d 1556, 200 USPQ 289 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 410

Rohm & Haas Co. v. Roberts Chem., Inc., 142 F. Supp. 499, 110 USPQ 93 (S.W. Va. 1956) 1403

Rose, In re, 220 F.2d 459, 105 USPQ 237 (CCPA 1955) 2144.04

Rosen, In re, 673 F.2d 388, 213 USPQ 347 (CCPA 1982) 1503.01 , 1504.03 , 2141.01(a)

Rosenberg, Ex parte, 46 USPQ 393 (Bd. App. 1939) 1610

Rosenblum v. Hiroshima, 220 USPQ 383 (Comm’r Pat. 1983) 1205.02

Rothermel, In re, 276 F.2d 393, 125 USPQ 328 (CCPA 1960) 716.01

Rouffet, In re, 149 F.3d 1350, 47 USPQ2d 1453 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 1216.01

Rowand, In re, 526 F.2d 558, 187 USPQ 487 (CCPA 1975) 1412.01

Rowe v. Dror, 112 F.3d 473, 42 USPQ2d 1550 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 2111.02 , 2303

Rubber-Tip Pencil Co. v. Howard, 87 U.S. (20 Wall.) 498 (1874) 2103

Rubin, Ex parte, 128 USPQ 440 (Bd. App. 1959) 2144.04

Rubinfield, In re, 270 F.2d 391, 123 USPQ 210 (CCPA 1959) 1504.05

Ruff, In re, 256 F.2d 590, 118 USPQ 340 (CCPA 1958) 2144.06

Ruiz v. A.B. Chance Co., 357 F.3d 1270, 69 USPQ2d 1686 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2143.01 , 2145

Ruscetta, In re, 255 F.2d 687, 118 USPQ 101 (CCPA 1958) 211.05 , 2004 , 2152.02(b) , 2217 , 2218 , 2258 , 2617

Ruschig, In re, 343 F.2d 965, 145 USPQ 274 (CCPA 1965) 2144.08

Ruschig, In re, 379 F.2d 990, 154 USPQ 118 (CCPA 1967) 2163 , 2163.05

Ruskin, In re, 347 F.2d 843, 146 USPQ 211 (CCPA 1965) 2114

Ruskin, In re, 354 F.2d 395, 148 USPQ 221 (CCPA 1966) 2107.01

Russell, In re, 239 F.2d 387, 112 USPQ 58 (CCPA 1956) 1504.05

Russell, In re, 439 F.2d 1228, 169 USPQ 426 (CCPA 1971) 706.03(w)

Rutan, In re, 231 USPQ 864 (Comm’r Pat. 1986) 150

Ruth, In re, 278 F.2d 729, 126 USPQ 155 (CCPA 1960) 1412.03

Ryco, Inc. v. Ag-Bag Corp., 857 F.2d 1418, 8 USPQ2d 1323 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 2144.07

Rydeen v. Quigg, 748 F. Supp 900, 16 USPQ2d 1876 (D.D.C. 1990) 2590

Ryko Manufacturing Co. v. Nu-Star, Inc., 950 F.2d 714, 21 USPQ2d 1053 (Fed. Cir. 1991) 2141.03 , 2144.08

S, In re Application of, 8 USPQ2d 1630 (Comm’r Pat. 1988) 711.03(c)

Sachs v. Wadsworth, 48 F.2d 928, 9 USPQ 252 (CCPA 1931) 715.07

Sage Prods., Inc. v. Devon Indus., Inc., 126 F.3d 1420, 44 USPQ2d 1103 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 2181

Sakraida v. Ag Pro, Inc., 425 U.S. 273, 189 USPQ 449 (1979) 716.01(a) , 2141

Salazar v. Procter & Gamble Co., 414 F.3d 1342, 1347, 75 USPQ2d 1369, 1373 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 1302.14

Salmon, In re, 705 F.2d 1579, 217 USPQ 981 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 1504.04 , 1504.20

Salsbury, Ex parte, 38 USPQ 149 (Comm’r Pat. 1938) 1504.04

Samour, In re, 571 F.2d 559, 197 USPQ 1 (CCPA 1978) 2131.01

Sampson v. Ampex Corp., 463 F.2d 1042, 174 USPQ 417 (2d Cir. 1972) 201.06(d)

Sampson v. Comm’r Pat., 195 USPQ 136 (D.D.C. 1976) 1402

Sampson v. Dann, 466 F. Supp. 965, 201 USPQ 15 (D.D.C. 1978) 1308

Sanford, Ex parte, 1914 C.D. 69, 204 O.G. 1346 (Comm’r Pat. 1914) 1504.05

Sanofi-Synthelabo v. Apotex,Inc., 550 F.3d 1075, 1083 (Fed. Cir. 2008) 2131.02

Sapp, In re, 324 F.2d 1021, 139 USPQ 552 (CCPA 1963) 1504.03

Sarett, In re, 327 F.2d 1005, 140 USPQ 474 (CCPA 1964) 804

Sarkar, In re, 575 F.2d 870, 197 USPQ 788 (CCPA 1978) 724

Sasajima, Ex parte, 212 USPQ 103 (Bd. App. 1981) 716.02(f)

Sasse, In re, 629 F.2d 675, 207 USPQ 107 (CCPA 1980) 716.07 , 2121 , 2121.02

Saunders, In re, 444 F.2d 599, 170 USPQ 213 (CCPA 1971) 716.02(f) , 2142 , 2172

Scaltech, Inc. v. Retec/Tetra, L.L.C., 269 F.3d 1321, 60 USPQ2d 1687 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 2133.03(c)

Scarbrough, In re, 500 F.2d 560, 182 USPQ 298 (CCPA 1974) 608.01(p) , 2161.01 , 2164.06(c) , 2164.06(a)

Schaub, In re, 537 F.2d 509, 190 USPQ 324 (CCPA 1976) 715.03

Schauman, In re, 572 F.2d 312, 197 USPQ 5 (CCPA 1978) 706.02(m) , 2131.02 , 2144.08

Schechter, In re, 205 F.2d 185, 98 USPQ 144 (CCPA 1953) 2144.08 , 2144.09 , 2173.05(i)

Scheiber, In re, 587 F.2d 59, 199 USPQ 782 (CCPA 1978) 211.05 , 2163.03

Schenck v. Nortron Corp., 713 F.2d 782, 218 USPQ 698 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 2141.02 , 2144.04

Schering Corp. v. Amgen, Inc., 222 F.3d 1347, 55 USPQ2d 1650 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 2163.07

Schering Corp. v. Geneva Pharm. Inc., 339 F.3d 1373, 67 USPQ2d 1664 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2112 , 2152.02(b)

Schering-Plough Corp., In re, 1 USPQ2d 1926 (Comm’r Pat. & Tm. 1986) 2760

Schlittler, In re, 234 F.2d 882, 110 USPQ 304 (CCPA 1956) 2128.02

Schnell, In re, 46 F.2d 203, 8 USPQ 19 (CCPA 1931) 1504.01

Schneller, In re, 397 F.2d 350, 158 USPQ 210 (CCPA 1968) 804 , 804.01 , 1504.06

Schoenwald, In re, 964 F.2d 1122, 22 USPQ2d 1671 (Fed. Cir. 1992) 2122 , 2152.02(b)

Schreiber, In re, 128 F.3d 1473, 44 USPQ2d 1429 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 2111.02 , 2112 , 2114

Schulze, In re, 346 F.2d 600, 145 USPQ 716 (CCPA 1965) 716.01(c) , 2145 , 2164.06(c)

Schuurs, In re, 218 USPQ 443 (Comm’r Pat. 1983) 1481.03

Scott v. Brandenburger, 216 USPQ 326 (Bd. App. 1982) 2137

Scott v. Finney, 34 F.3d 1058, 32 USPQ2d 1115 (Fed. Cir. 1994) 2107.01 , 2107.03 , 2138.05 , 2164.05

Scott v. Koyama, 281 F.3d 1243, 61 USPQ2d 1856 (Fed. Cir. 2002) 2138.06

Scragg, In re, 215 USPQ 715 (Comm’r Pat. 1982) 2285 , 2686.03

Scripps Clinic and Res. Found. v. Genentech, Inc., 927 F.2d 1565, 18 USPQ2d 1001 (Fed. Cir. 1991) 2165.04 , 2411.01

Scudder, Ex parte, 169 USPQ 814 (Bd. App. 1971) 1402 , 1412.04

Scully Signal Co. v. Electronics Corp. of America, 570 F.2d 355, 196 USPQ 657 (1st Cir. 1977) 716.04

Seal-Flex, Inc. v. Athletic Track and Court Construction, 172 F.3d 836, 50 USPQ2d 1225 (Fed. Cir. 1999) 2181

Searles, In re, 422 F.2d 431, 164 USPQ 623 (CCPA 1970) 2132.01

Seattle Box Co. v. Industrial Crating & Packing, Inc., 731 F.2d 818, 221 USPQ 568 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 2173.05(b)

Seid, In re, 161 F.2d 229, 73 USPQ 431 (CCPA 1947) 2144.04

Seiko Epson Corp. v. Nu-Kote Int’l, Inc., 190 F.3d 1360, 52 USPQ2d 1011 (Fed. Cir. 1999) 1504.01(c)

Seiko Koko Kabushiki Kaisha, Ex parte, 225 USPQ 1260 (Bd. App. 1984) 2258

Self, In re, 671 F.2d 1344, 213 USPQ 1 (CCPA 1982) 2131.05

Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co. v. Samsung Electronics Co., 204 F.3d 1368, 54 USPQ2d 1001 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 609.04(a) , 609.04(b) , 2004

Sernaker, In re, 702 F.2d 989, 217 USPQ 1 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 2144

Shaffer Tool Works v. Joy Mfg. Co., 687 F. Supp 80, 167 USPQ 170 (S.D. Tex. 1970) 1701.01

Shaked v. Taniguchi, 21 USPQ2d 1289 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1991) 2686.02

Shatterproof Glass Corp. v. Libbey-Owens Ford Co., 758 F.2d 613, 225 USPQ 634 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2133.03(b) , 2173.05(a)

Shepherd, In re, 172 F.2d 560, 80 USPQ 495 (CCPA 1949) 716.07

Sherwood, In re, 613 F.2d 809, 204 USPQ 537 (CCPA 1980) 608.01(h) , 2161.01 , 2165.04

Shindelar v. Holdeman, 628 F.2d 1337, 207 USPQ 112 (CCPA 1980) 2138.03

Shokal, In re, 242 F.2d 771, 113 USPQ 283 (CCPA 1957) 715.03

Sichert, In re, 566 F.2d 1154, 196 USPQ 209 (CCPA 1977) 2107.01 , 2107.02 , 2107.03

Signtech USA Ltd. v. Vutek, Inc ., 174 F.3d 1352, 50 USPQ2d 1372 (Fed. Cir. 1999) 2181

Silvestri v. Grant, 496 F.2d 593, 181 USPQ 706 (CCPA 1974) 2138.04

Simon, In re, 302 F.2d 737, 133 USPQ 524 (CCPA 1962) 2174

Simpson, Ex parte, 218 USPQ 1020 (Bd. App. 1982) 706.03(d) , 2173.05(u)

Sinclair & Carroll Co. v. Interchemical Corp., 325 U.S. 327, 65 USPQ 297 (1945) 2144.07

Sitrick v. Dreamworks, LLC, 516 F.3d 993, 85 USPQ2d 1826 (Fed. Cir. 2008) 2161.01

Sitz, In re, 331 F.2d 617, 141 USPQ 505 (CCPA 1964) 2307

Sivaramakrishnan, In re, 673 F.2d 1383, 213 USPQ 441 (CCPA 1982) 2131.02

Sivertz, In re, 227 USPQ 255 (Comm’r Pat. 1985) 711.03(c)

Skil Corp. v. Lucerne Products Inc., 503 F.2d 745, 183 USPQ 396 (7 th Cir. 1974) 2133.03(e)

Skil Corp. v. Rockwell Manufacturing Co., 358 F. Supp. 1257, 178 USPQ 562 (N.D. Ill. 1973) 2133.03(e)(3)

Skrivan, In re, 427 F.2d 801, 166 USPQ 85 (CCPA 1970) 2164.08

Skuballa, Ex parte, 12 USPQ2d 1570 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1989) 2173.05(c)

Sinex, In re, 309 F.2d 488, 135 USPQ 302 (CCPA 1962) 2111.02

Slayter, In re, 276 F.2d 408, 125 USPQ 345 (CCPA 1960) 715.03 , 2131.02

Slip Track Systems, Inc. v. Metal Lite, Inc., 159 F.3d 1337, 48 USPQ2d 1055 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 1449.02

Smernoff, Ex parte, 215 USPQ 545 (Bd. App. 1982) 2137.01

Smith, In re, 458 F.2d 1389, 173 USPQ 679 (CCPA 1972) 2163 , 2163.05

Smith, In re, 714 F.2d 1127, 218 USPQ 976 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 2133.03(a) , 2133.03(e)

Smith, Ex parte, 83 USPQ2d 1509 (Bd. Pat. App. & Int. 2007) 2143

Smith v. Diamond, 209 USPQ 1091 (D.D.C. 1981) 711.03(c)

Smith v. Hayashi, 209 USPQ 754 (Bd. of Pat. Inter. 1980) 2144.06

Smith v. M & B Sales & Mfg., 13 USPQ2d 2002 (N.D. Cal. 1990) 1504.01(c)

Smith v. Mossinghoff, 671 F.2d 533, 213 USPQ 977 (D.C. Cir. 1982) 711.03(c)

Smith Davis Mfg. Co. v. Mellon, 58 F. 705 (8th Cir. 1893) 2133.03(e)(6)

SmithKline Beecham Corp. v. Apotex Corp., 403 F.3d 1331, 74 USPQ2d 1398 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2112

Smyth, In re, 189 F.2d 982, 90 USPQ 106 (CCPA 1951) 716.09

Smythe, In re, 480 F.2d 1376, 178 USPQ 279 (CCPA 1973) 2163 , 2163.05 , 2163.07(a)

Sneed, In re, 710 F.2d 1544, 218 USPQ 385 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 1445 , 2145

Sobin, Ex parte, 139 USPQ 528 (Bd. App. 1962) 2173.05(t)

Soli, In re, 317 F.2d 941, 137 USPQ 797 (CCPA 1963) 2144.02 , 2144.03

Soll, In re, 97 F.2d 623, 38 USPQ 189 (CCPA 1938) 2164.03

Solomon v. Kimberly-Clark Corp., 216 F.3d 1372, 55 USPQ2d 1279 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 2172

Soni, In re, 54 F.3d 746, 34 USPQ2d 1684 (Fed. Cir. 1995) 707.07(f) , 2145

Sony Computer Entertainment America, Inc. v. Dudas, 85 USPQ2d 1594 (E.D. Va. 2006) 2240 , 2640 , 2686.04

Spada, In re, 911 F.2d 705, 15 USPQ2d 1655 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 2112.01

Spectra-Physics, Inc. v. Coherent, Inc., 827 F.2d 1524, 3 USPQ2d 1737 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 608.01(h) , 2161.01 , 2164.01(b) , 2165.02 , 2165.04

Spencer, In re, 273 F.2d 181, 124 USPQ 175 (CCPA 1959) 1449.02

Spiegel, Ex parte, 1919 C.D. 112, 268 O.G. 741 (Comm’r Pat. 1919) 1503.01

Spiller, In re, 500 F.2d 1170, 182 USPQ 614 (CCPA 1974) 715.02 , 715.03

Sponnoble, In re, 405 F.2d 578, 160 USPQ 237 (CCPA 1969) 2141.02

SRI Int'l, Inc. v. Internet Sec. Sys., Inc., 511 F.3d 1186, 85 USPQ2d 1489 (Fed. Cir. 2008) 2152.02(e)

Staats, In re, 671 F.3d 1350, 101 USPQ2d 1930 (Fed. Cir. 2012) 1412.03

Staeger v. Commissioner, 189 USPQ 272 (D.D.C. 1976) 409.03(b) , 602.08(b)

Staehelin v. Secher, 24 USPQ2d 1513 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1992) 2138.04

Stalego, Ex parte, 154 USPQ 52 (Bd. App. 1966) 901.01 , 2127 , 2136.02

Standard Oil Co. v. Montedison, S.p.A., 494 F. Supp 370, 206 USPQ 676 (D.Del. 1980) 2165.01

Standish, Ex parte, 10 USPQ2d 1454 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1988) 716.03(a) , 716.03(b) , 2138.01

Stanley, Ex parte, 121 USPQ 621 (Bd. App. 1958) 2181

Star Fruits S.N.C. v. United States, 280 F.Supp.2d 512 (E.D. Va 2003) 704.12(a) , 2005

Star Fruits S.N.C. v. United States, 393 F.3d 1277, 73 USPQ2d 1409 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 704.10

State Contracting & Eng’g Corp. v. Condotte, Inc., 346 F.3d 1057, 68 USPQ2d 1481 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2131.05 , 2141.01(a)

Steele, In re, 305 F.2d 859, 134 USPQ 292 (CCPA 1959) 2143.03 , 2173.06

Steenbock, In re, 83 F.2d 912, 30 USPQ 45 (CCPA 1936) 211.05

Steierman v. Connelly, 192 USPQ 433 (Bd. Pat. Int. 1975) 2004

Steierman v. Connelly, 192 USPQ 446 (Bd. Pat. Int. 1976) 2004

Steierman v. Connelly, 197 USPQ 288 (Comm’r Pat. 1976) 2138.03

Steigerwald, Ex parte, 131 USPQ 74 (Bd. App. 1961) 706.03(d) , 2173.05(d)

Steinberg v. Seitz, 517 F.2d 1359, 186 USPQ 209 (CCPA 1975) 2133.03(c)

Stemniski, In re, 444 F.2d 581, 170 USPQ 343 (CCPA 1971) 2144.08 , 2144.09

Stempel, In re, 241 F.2d 755, 113 USPQ 77 (CCPA 1957) 715.03

Stencel, In re, 828 F.2d 751, 4 USPQ2d 1071 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 2111.02

Steppan, In re, 394 F.2d 1013, 156 USPQ 143 (CCPA 1967) 2173.05(o)

Stern, Ex parte, 13 USPQ2d 1379 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1987) 2144.04

Stevens, Ex parte, 16 USPQ2d 1379 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1990) 2107.03

Stevens, In re, 173 F.2d 1015, 81 USPQ 362 (CCPA 1949) 1504.01(c)

Stevens, In re, 212 F.2d 197, 101 USPQ 284 (CCPA 1954) 2144.04

Stevenson v. International Trade Comm’n, 612 F.2d 546, 204 USPQ 276 (CCPA 1979) 2141.01(a)

Stewart Sys. v. Commissioner, 1 USPQ2d 1879 (E.D. Va. 1986) 2258

Sticker Indus. Supply Corp. v. Blaw-Knox Co., 405 F.2d 90, 160 USPQ 177 (7th Cir. 1968) 201.06(d) , 211.01(b)

Stoddard, In re, 213 USPQ 386 (Comm’r Pat. 1982) 2285 , 2686.03

Stratoflex, Inc. v. Aeroquip Corp., 713 F.2d 1530, 218 USPQ 871 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 716.01(a) , 2141 , 2141.01(a) , 2141.02 , 2144.08

Strijland, Ex parte, 26 USPQ2d 1259 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1992) 1503.01 , 1504.01(a) , 1504.04

Striker, In re, 182 USPQ 507 (Comm’r Pat. 1973) 409.03(b) , 602.08(b)

Strong v. General Electric Co., 434 F.2d 1042, 168 USPQ 8 (5th Cir. 1970) 2012 , 2016 , 2133.03(b)

Stryker, In re, 435 F.2d 1340, 168 USPQ 372 (CCPA 1971) 715.02

Studiengesellschaft Kohle mbH v. Northern Petrochemical Co., 784 F.2d 351, 228 USPQ 837 (Fed. Cir. 1986) 804.01

Studiengesellschaft Kohle m.b.H. v. Shell Oil Co., 112 F.3d 1561, 42 USPQ2d 1674 (Fed. Cir. 1997) 211.05 , 706.02(k)

STX LLC. v. Brine, 211 F.3d 588, 54 USPQ2d 1347 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 2111.02 , 2133.03(c)

Suh v. Hoefle, 23 USPQ2d 1321 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1992) 2138.05

Suitco Surface, Inc., In re, 603 F.3d 1255, 1260 (Fed. Cir. 2010) 2111

Sun Studs v. ATA Equipment Leasing, Inc., 872 F.2d 978, 10 USPQ2d 1338 (Fed. Cir. 1989) 2136.02 , 2136.03

Sunrace Roots Enter. Co. v. SRAM Corp., 336 F.3d 1298, 67 USPQ2d 1438 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2111.01

Superguide Corp. v. Direct TV Enterprises, Inc., 358 F.3d 870, 69 USPQ2d 1865 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2111.01

Sus, In re, 306 F.2d 494, 134 USPQ 301(CCPA 1962) 2163 , 2163.05

Susi, In re, 440 F.2d 442, 169 USPQ 423 (CCPA 1971) 2123 , 2144.08

Suska, In re, 589 F.2d 527, 200 USPQ 497 (CCPA 1979) 2138.03

Swanson, In re, 540 F.3d 1368, 88 USPQ 2d 1196 (Fed. Cir. 2008) 2242 , 2642 , 2686.04

Swartz, In re, 232 F.3d 862, 56 USPQ2d 1703 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 2107.01 , 2164.07

Sweet, In re, 136 F.2d 722, 58 USPQ 327 (CCPA 1943) 1211.01

Swet, In re, 145 F.2d 631, 172 USPQ 72 (CCPA 1971) 1504.06

Swinehart, In re, 439 F.2d 210, 169 USPQ 226 (CCPA 1971) 2114 , 2161.01 , 2173.01 , 2173.05(g) , 2183

Switzer, In re, 166 F.2d 827, 77 USPQ 156 (CCPA 1948) 901.02

Switzer v. Sockman, 333 F.2d 935, 142 USPQ 226 (CCPA 1964) 1403 , 1412.03 , 2304.02(c)

Sylgab Steel & Wire Corp. v. Imoco-Gateway Corp., 357 F. Supp 657, 178 USPQ 22 (N.D. Ill. 1973) 2165.01

Symbol Tech. Inc. v. Lemelson Med., Educ., & Research Found., 422 F.3d 1378, 76 USPQ2d 1354 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2190

Symbol Techs., Inc. v. Opticon, Inc., 935 F.2d 1569, 19 USPQ2d 1241 (Fed. Cir. 1991) 804.01 , 2121.01 , 2158

Szwarc, In re, 319 F.2d 277, 138 USPQ 208 (CCPA 1963) 706.03(w)

Tabuchi v. Nubel, 559 F.2d 1183, 194 USPQ 521 (CCPA 1977) 2404.02

Talbott, In re, 443 F.2d 1397, 170 USPQ 281 (CCPA 1971) 2135.01

Tanaka, In re, 640 F.3d 1246, 98 USPQ2d 1331 (Fed. Cir. 2011) 1402 , 1414

Tanczyn, In re, 347 F.2d 830, 146 USPQ 298 (CCPA 1965) 715.02

Tangsrud, In re, 184 USPQ 746 (Comm’r Pat. 1973) 214 , 215

Tansel, In re, 253 F.2d 241, 117 USPQ 188 (CCPA 1958) 706.02(l)(2)

Tarczy-Hornoch, In re, 397 F.2d 856, 158 USPQ 141 (CCPA 1955) 2173.05(v)

Teague, In re, 254 F.2d 145, 117 USPQ 284 (CCPA 1958) 715.05 , 804.02

Technicon Instruments Corp. v. Alpkem Corp., 664 F. Supp 1558, 2 USPQ2d 1729 (D. Ore 1986) 2164.05(b)

Tennant v. Hako Minuteman, 4 USPQ2d 1167 (N.D. Ill. 1987) 2293 , 2693

Tenney, In re, 254 F.2d 619, 117 USPQ 348 (CCPA 1958) 2128.01

Texas Instruments, Inc. v. Int’l Trade Comm’n, 988 F.2d 1165, 26 USPQ2d 1018 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 716.04

Theis, In re, 610 F.2d 786, 204 USPQ 188 (CCPA 1979) 2133.03(b) , 2133.03(e)(1) , 2133.03(e)(3) , 2133.03(e)(6)

The Gentry Gallery, Inc. v. The Berkline Corp., 134 F.3d 1473, 45 USPQ2d 1498 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 2163.05

The NutraSweet Co., Ex parte, 19 USPQ2d 1586 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1991) 716.02(a)

Theodor Groz & Sohne & Ernst Beckert Nadelfabrik KG v. Quigg, 10 USPQ2d 1787 (D.D.C. 1988) 711.03(c) , 2265 , 2272

Thibault, Ex parte, 164 USPQ 666 (Bd. App. 1969) 2115

Thomas D. Sykes v. Jon W. Dudas, 573 F.Supp2d 191, 89 USPQ2d 1423 (D.D.C. 2008) 2710

Thomson, Ex parte, 24 USPQ2d 1618 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1992) 2121.03

Thorington, In re, 418 F.2d 528, 163 USPQ 644 (CCPA 1969) 804 , 1504.06

Thorpe, In re, 777 F.2d 695, 227 USPQ 964 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 706.02(m) , 2113

Thumm, Ex parte, 132 USPQ 66 (Bd. App. 1961) 716.02(a)

Tiffin, In re, 443 F.2d 394, 170 USPQ 88 (CCPA 1971) 716.04 , 2142

Tiffin, In re, 448 F.2d 791, 171 USPQ 294 (CCPA 1971) 716.03(a)

Tillotson Ltd. v. Walbro Corp., 831 F.2d 1033, 4 USPQ2d 1450 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 1412.03

Titanium Metals Corp. of America v. Banner, 778 F.2d 775, 227 USPQ 773 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 2112.01 , 2131.01 , 2131.03 , 2144.05

Tol-O-Matic, Inc. v. Proma Produkt-Und Mktg. Gesellschaft m.b.H., 945 F.2d 1546, 20 USPQ2d 1332 (Fed. Cir. 1991) 2107.02

Tomlinson, In re, 363 F.2d 928, 150 USPQ 623 (CCPA 1966) 2112.02

Tone Brothers, Inc. v. Sysco Corp., 28 F.3d 1192, 31 USPQ2d 1321 (Fed. Cir. 1994) 1504.02 , 2133.03(e)(6)

Toro Co. v. Deere & Co., 355 F.3d 1313, 69 USPQ2d 1584 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2112

Toro Co. v. L.R. Nelson Corp., 223 USPQ 636 (C.D. Ill. 1984) 2286 , 2686.04

Toro Co. v. White Consol. Indus., Inc., 199 F.3d 1295, 53 USPQ2d 1065 (Fed. Cir. 1999) 804 , 2111.01

TorPharm., Inc. v. Ranbaxy Pharmaceuticals, 336 F.3d 1322, 67 USPQ2d 1511 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 2116.01

Townsend, In re, 1913 C.D. 55 (Comm’r Pat. 1929) 720.05

Townsend v. Smith, 36 F.2d 292, 4 USPQ 269 (CCPA 1929) 2138.04

TP Labs., Inc. v. Professional Positioners, Inc., 724 F.2d 965, 220 USPQ 577 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 2133.03(a)

Transco Products, Inc. v. Performance Contracting, Inc., 38 F.3d 551, 32 USPQ2d 1077 (Fed. Cir. 1994) 211.05 , 2107.01 , 2165.01

Translogic Technology Inc., In re, 504 F.3d 1249, 84 USPQ2d 1929 (Fed. Cir. 2007) 2286 , 2686.04

Transmatic, Inc. v. Gulton Indus., Inc., 601 F.2d 904, 202 USPQ 559 (6th Cir. 1979) 1504.06

Trans Texas Holdings Corp., In re, 498 F.3d 1290, 83 USPQ2d 1835 (Fed. Cir. 2007) 2286 , 2686.04

Trimless Cabinets, In re, 128 USPQ 95 (Comm’r Pat. 1960) 103

Tronzo v. Biomet, Inc., 156 F.3d 1154, 47 USPQ2d 1829 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 211.05 , 2163 , 2163.03 , 2163.05

Tucker, Ex parte, 1901 C.D. 140, 47 O.G. 187 (Comm’r Pat. 1901) 1503.02

Tucker v. Naito, 188 USPQ 260 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1975) 2137.01

Tucker v. Natta, 171 USPQ 494 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1971) 2138.06

Tucker Aluminum Prods. v. Grossman, 312 F.2d 393, 136 USPQ 244 (9th Cir. 1963) 2133.03(e)(1)

Twin Disc, Inc. v. United States, 231 USPQ 417 (Cl. Ct. 1986) 2131.05

Tytgat, Ex parte, 225 USPQ 907 (Bd. App. 1985) 2308.03

Ulead Systems, Inc. v. Lex Computer & Management Corp., 351 F.3d 1139, 69 USPQ2d 1097 (Fed. Cir. 2003) 509.02

Ultramercial v. Hulu, 657 F.3d 1323, 100 USPQ2d 1140 (Fed. Cir. 2011) 2106

UMC Elecs. Co. v. United States, 816 F.2d 647, 2 USPQ2d 1465 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 2133.03(b) , 2133.03(c) , 2163

Unidynamics Corp. v. Automatic Prod. Int’l, 157 F.3d 1311, 48 USPQ2d 1099 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 2181

Unimed, Inc. v. Quigg, 888 F.2d 826, 12 USPQ2d 1644 (Fed. Cir. 1989) 2754.01

Union Carbide Corp. v. Borg-Warner Corp., 550 F.2d 355, 193 USPQ 1 (6th Cir. 1977) 2165

Union Oil of Cal. v. Atlantic Richfield Co., 208 F.3d 989, 54 USPQ2d 1227 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 2163.05

Union Pacific Resources Co. v. Chesapeake Energy Corp., 236 F.3d 684, 57 USPQ2d 1293 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 2164.06(a)

Uniroyal, Inc. v. Rudkin-Wiley Corp., 837 F.2d 1044, 5 USPQ2d 1434 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 2144.08

United States v. Adams, 383 U.S. 39, 148 USPQ 479 (1966) 716.01(b) , 716.05 , 2143.01 , 2145

United States v. Morgan, 313 U.S. 409, 61 S. Ct. 999 (1941) 1701.01

United States v. Telectronics, Inc., 857 F.2d 778, 8 USPQ2d 1217 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 2164.01 , 2164.06

United States Indus. Chem., Inc. v. Carbide and Carbon Chem. Corp., 315 U.S. 668, 53 USPQ 6 (1942) 1411.02

United States Gypsum Co. v. National Gypsum Co., 74 F3d 1209, 37 USPQ2d 1388 (Fed. Cir. 1996) 608.01(v)

University of Rochester v. G.D. Searle & Co., 358 F.3d 916, 69 USPQ2d 1886 (Fed. Cir. 2004) 2163

Upsher-Smith Labs v. Pamlab, LLC, 412 F.3d 1319, 75 USPQ2d 1213 (Fed. Cir. 2005) 2123 , 2131.05

U.S. Industries v. Norton Co., 210 USPQ 94 (N.D. N.Y. 1980) 2004

Ushakoff v. United States, 327 F.2d 669, 140 USPQ 341 (Ct. Cl. 1964) 2133.03(e)(1)

Utschig, Ex parte, 156 USPQ 156 (Bd. App. 1966) 2137.01

Vaeck, In re, 947 F.2d 448, 20 USPQ2d 1438 (Fed. Cir. 1991) 2107.01 , 2144.08 , 2164.01 , 2164.01(c) , 2164.03 , 2164.06(b) , 2164.08

Valmont Industries, Inc. v. Reinke Manufacturing Co., 983 F.2d 1039, 25 USPQ2d 1451 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 2183 , 2184 , 2186

Vamco Machine and Tool, Inc., In re, 752 F.2d 1564, 224 USPQ 617 (Fed. Cir. 1985) 716.03(b) , 2286 , 2686.04

Vandenberg v. Dairy Equipment Co., 740 F.2d 1560, 224 USPQ 195 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 716.06

Vander Wal, Ex parte, 109 USPQ 119, 1956 C.D. 11, 705 O.G. 5 (Bd. Pat. App. 1955) 608.04(a)

Van Esdonk, In re, 187 USPQ 671 (Comm’r Pat. 1975) 216.01 , 1481.03

Van Geuns, In re, 988 F.2d 1181, 26 USPQ2d 1057 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 707.07(f) , 2145

Van Langenhoven, In re, 458 F.2d 132, 173 USPQ 426 (CCPA 1972) 2004 , 2135.01 , 2152.02(b) , 2217 , 2258 , 2617

Vanmoor v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc ., 201 F.3d 1363, 53 USPQ2d 1377 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 2133.03(c)

Van Ornum, In re, 686 F.2d 937, 214 USPQ 761 (CCPA 1982) 804 , 804.02

Varga, Ex Parte, 189 USPQ 209 (Bd. App. 1973) 2012.01

Vas-Cath, Inc. v. Mahurkar, 935 F.2d 1555, 19 USPQ2d 1111 (Fed. Cir. 1991) 1504.20 , 2152.02(b) , 2161 , 2161.01 , 2163 , 2163.02 , 2164 , 2181

Vectra Fitness Inc. v. TNWK Corp., 162 F.3d 1379, 49 USPQ2d 1144 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 1412.03

Venezia, In re, 530 F.2d 956, 189 USPQ 149 (CCPA 1976) 2163 , 2163.05 , 2172.01 , 2173.05(g)

Venner, In re, 262 F.2d 91, 120 USPQ 193 (CCPA 1958) 2144.04

Verdegaal Bros. v. Union Oil Co. of California, 814 F.2d 628, 2 USPQ2d 1051 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 2131

Vickers, In re, 141 F.2d 522, 61 USPQ 122 (CCPA 1944) 2164.03

Vincent v. Mossinghoff, 230 USPQ 621 (D.D.C. 1985) 513 , 711.03(c)

Vitronics Corp. v. Conceptronic Inc ., 90 F.3d 1576, 39 USPQ2d 1573 (Fed. Cir. 1996) 2111.01

Vogel, In re, 422 F.2d 438, 164 USPQ 619 (CCPA 1970) 804 , 804.01 , 804.02 , 1504.06

Voter Verified, Inc. v. Premier Election Solutions, Inc., 698 F.3d 1374, 104 USPQ2d 1553 (Fed. Cir. 2012) 2152.02(e)

Wadlinger, In re, 496 F.2d 1200, 181 USPQ 826 (CCPA 1974) 1412.02

Wagenhorst, In re, 62 F.2d 831, 16 USPQ 126, 20 CCPA 829 (CCPA 1933) 715.05

Wagner, In re, 371 F.2d 877, 152 USPQ 552 (CCPA 1967), 716.02

Wahl v. Rexnord, Inc., 624 F.2d 1169, 206 USPQ 865 (3rd Cir. 1980) 1504.06

Wakefield, In re, 422 F.2d 897, 164 USPQ 636 (CCPA 1970) 715.02 , 2173.05(i)

Waldemar Link, GmbH & Co. v. Osteonics Corp., 32 F.3d 556, 31 USPQ2d 1855 (Fed. Cir. 1994) 706.03(o)

Walsdorf v. Commissioner, 229 USPQ 559 (D.D.C. 1986) 1216.02

Walter, In re, 618 F.2d 758, 205 USPQ 397 (CCPA 1980) 2183 , 2184

Wands, In re, 858 F.2d 731, 8 USPQ2d 1400 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 706.03(a) , 706.03(b) , 2161.01 , 2164.01 , 2164.01(a) , 2164.06 , 2164.06(b)

Wang Labs., Inc. v. Toshiba Corp., 993 F.2d 858, 26 USPQ2d 1767 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 2164.01 , 2163 , 2164.06 , 2164.06(b)

Ward, In re, 236 F.2d 428, 111 USPQ 101 (CCPA 1956) 715.05 , 804.02

Warner, In re, 379 F.2d 1011, 154 USPQ 173 (CCPA 1967) 2142

Warner-Jenkinsen Co. v. Hilton Davis Chemical Co., 520 U.S. 17, 41 USPQ2d 1865 (1997) 2183 , 2184 , 2186

Water Technologies Corp. v. Calco Ltd., 850 F.2d 660, 7 USPQ2d 1097 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 2111.03

Watkinson, In re, 900 F.2d 230, 14 USPQ2d 1407 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 1201 , 1412.01 , 1457

Watson, In re, 517 F.2d 465, 186 USPQ 11 (CCPA 1975) 2107.01 , 2107.03

Watson v. Allen, 254 F.2d 342, 117 USPQ 68 (D.C. Cir. 1958) 2133.03(e)(3) , 2133.03(e)(7)

Watts v. XL Systems, Inc., 232 F.3d 877, 56 USPQ2d 1836 (Fed. Cir. 2000) 2181

Waymouth, In re, 499 F.2d 1273, 182 USPQ 290 (CCPA 1974) 716.02

Weatherchem Corp. v. J.L. Clark, Inc., 163 F.3d 1326, 49 USPQ2d 1001 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 2133.03(b) , 2133.03(c)

Webb, Ex parte, 30 USPQ2d 1064 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1993) 1504.01(c)

Webb, In re, 916 F.2d 1553, 16 USPQ2d 1433 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 1504.01(c)

Weber, In re, 405 F.2d 1403, 160 USPQ 549 (CCPA 1969) 716.07

Weber, In re, 580 F.2d 455, 198 USPQ 328 (CCPA 1978) 803.02

Weiss, In re, 989 F.2d 1202, 26 USPQ2d 1885 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 2111.01

Wells v. Fremont, 177 USPQ 22 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1972) 2138.05

Wende v. Horine, 225 F. 501 (7th Cir. 1915) 2133.03(b)

Wertheim, In re, 541 F.2d 257, 191 USPQ 90 (CCPA 1976) 706.03(o) , 1302.01 , 2144.05 , 2163 , 2163.03 , 2163.04 , 2163.05

Wertheim, In re, 646 F.2d 527, 209 USPQ 554 (CCPA 1981) 706.03(o)

Western Elec. Co. v. Piezo Technology, Inc., 860 F.2d 428, 8 USPQ2d 1853 (Fed. Cir 1988) 1701.01

Wetmore v. Quick, 536 F.2d 937, 190 USPQ 223 (CCPA 1976) 2138.05

Wetterau, In re, 356 F.2d 556, 148 USPQ 499 (CCPA 1966) 804

White, Ex parte, 759 O.G. 783 (Bd. App. 1958) 2173.05(o)

White, In re, 405 F.2d 904, 160 USPQ 417 (CCPA 1969) 804

White Consol. Indus. v. Vega Servo-Control, Inc., 713 F.2d 788, 218 USPQ 961 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 608.01(p) , 2161.01 , 2164.06(c)

Whitelaw, Ex parte, 1915 C.D. 18, 219 O.G. 1237 (Comm’r Pat. 1914) 2173.05(n)

Whittle, In re, 454 F.2d 1193, 172 USPQ 535 (CCPA 1972) 2136.05

Wiechert, In re, 370 F.2d 927, 152 USPQ 247 (CCPA 1967) 2144.09

Wiesner v. Weigert, 666 F.2d 582, 212 USPQ 721 (CCPA 1981) 2138.05

Wiggins, In re, 488 F.2d 538, 179 USPQ 421 (CCPA 1973) 2121.02 , 2131.04 , 2173.02 , 2173.05(b)

Wikdahl, Ex parte, 10 USPQ2d 1546 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1989) 1412.02 , 1412.03 , 2258

Wilder, In re, 563 F.2d 457, 195 USPQ 426 (CCPA 1977) 2144.08 , 2144.09 , 2163

Wilder, In re, 736 F.2d 1516, 222 USPQ 369 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 1402 , 1414 , 2163.05

Wilkinson, In re, 304 F.2d 673, 134 USPQ 171 (CCPA 1962) 715.07

Willingham, In re, 282 F.2d 353, 127 USPQ 211 (CCPA 1960) 1302.04 , 1412.02

Wilson, In re, 311 F.2d 266, 135 USPQ 442 (CCPA 1962) 2124

Wilson, In re, 424 F.2d 1382, 165 USPQ 494, (CCPA 1970) 2143.03 , 2173.06

Winkhaus, In re, 527 F.2d 637, 188 USPQ 129 (CCPA 1975) 2173.05(q)

Winter v. Fujita, 53 USPQ2d 1234 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1999) 2203

Winkler v. Ladd, 221 F. Supp. 550, 138 USPQ 666 (D.D.C. 1963) 711.03(c)

Wise, In re, 340 F.2d 982, 144 USPQ 354 (CCPA 1965) 1504.01(d)

Wiseman, In re, 596 F.2d 1019, 201 USPQ 658 (CCPA 1979) 2141.02 , 2145 , 2164.06(c)

W.L. Gore & Assoc., Inc. v. Garlock, Inc., 721 F.2d 1540, 220 USPQ 303 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 2132 , 2133.03(a) , 2133.03(c) , 2141.01 , 2141.02 , 2144.08 , 2164.08 , 2165.04 , 2173.05(b)

WMS Gaming, Inc. v. Int’l Game Tech., 184 F.3d 1339, 51 USPQ2d 1385 (Fed. Cir. 1999) 2181

Wolfensperger, In re, 302 F.2d 950, 133 USPQ 537 (CCPA 1962) 2163 , 2181

Wooddy, In re, 331 F.2d 636, 141 USPQ 518 (CCPA 1964) 2107.03

Woodland Trust v. Flowertree Nursery, Inc., 148 F.3d 1368, 47 USPQ2d 1363 (Fed. Cir. 1998) 2152.02(c)

Woodruff, In re, 919 F.2d 1575, 16 USPQ2d 1934 (Fed. Cir. 1990) 2144.05

Wright, 1876 C.D. 217, 10 O.G. 587 (Comm’r Pat. 1876) 1410.01

Wright, In re, 569 F.2d 1124, 193 USPQ 332 (CCPA 1977) 707.07(f) , 2125 , 2145

Wright, In re, 866 F.2d 422, 9 USPQ2d 1649 (Fed. Cir. 1989) 2163 , 2163.03

Wright, In re, 999 F.2d 1557, 27 USPQ2d 1510 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 2107.01 , 2161.01 , 2164.03 , 2164.01(a) , 2164.04 , 2164.05(a) , 2164.06(b) , 2164.08

Wu, Ex parte, 10 USPQ 2031 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1989) 706.03(d) , 2144.04 , 2173.05(h)

Wu v. Jucker, 167 USPQ 467 (Bd. Pat. Inter. 1968) 2138.05 , 2138.06

Wyer, In re, 655 F.2d 221, 210 USPQ 790 (CCPA 1981) 901.05 , 2127 , 2128

Wyeth v. Kappos, 591 F. 3d 1364, 93 USPQ2d 1257 (Fed. Cir. 2010) 2731

Wyeth Holdings Corp. v. Sebelius, 603 F.3d 1291, 95 USPQ2d 1233 (Fed. Cir. 2010) 2757

Yale, In re, 434 F.2d 66, 168 USPQ 46 (CCPA 1970) 716.07

Yamaguchi, Ex parte, 61 USPQ2d 1043 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 2001) 1412.02

Yamamoto, In re, 740 F.2d 1569, 222 USPQ 934 (Fed. Cir. 1984) 2111 , 2258

Yamazaki, In re, 702 F.3d 1327, 104 USPQ2d 2024 (Fed. Cir. 2012) 1490

Yardley, In re, 493 F.2d 1389, 181 USPQ 331 (CCPA 1974) 1504.03 , 1512

Yarn Processing Patent Validity Litigation, 183 USPQ 65 (5th Cir. 1974) 2128.01

York Products, Inc. v. Central Tractor Farm & Family Center, 99 F.3d 1568, 40 USPQ2d 1619 (Fed. Cir. 1996) 2181

Yoshino, Ex parte, 227 USPQ 52 (Bd. Pat. App. & Inter. 1985) 2141.01

Youman, In re, 679 F.3d 1335, 102 USPQ2d 1862 (Fed. Cir. 2012) 1412.02

Young, Ex parte, 18 Gour. 24 1213.01

Young, In re, 75 F.2d 996, 25 USPQ 69 (CCPA 1935) 2115

Young, In re, 927 F.2d 588, 18 USPQ2d 1089 (Fed. Cir. 1991) 2143.01

Young v. Dworkin, 489 F.2d 1277, 180 USPQ 388 (CCPA 1974) 2138.03

Yuasa Battery v. Comm’r, 3 USPQ2d 1143 (D.D.C. 1987) 2279

Zahn, In re, 617 F.2d 261, 204 USPQ 988 (CCPA 1980) 1502 , 1503.02 , 1504.04

Zechnall, Ex parte, 194 USPQ 461 (Bd. App. 1973) 2164.05(b)

Zenith Labs., Inc. v. Bristol-Myers Squibb Co., 19 F.3d 1418, 30 USPQ2d 1285 (Fed. Cir. 1996) 1302.14

Zenitz, In re, 333 F.2d 924, 142 USPQ 158 (CCPA 1964) 716.02(f)

Zickendraht, In re, 319 F.2d 225, 138 USPQ 22 (CCPA 1963) 804 , 804.03 , 1504.06

Ziegler, In re, 443 F.2d 1211, 170 USPQ 129 (CCPA 1971) 804.01 , 809.03 , 821.04 , 821.04(a) , 821.04(b)

Ziegler, In re, 992 F.2d 1197, 26 USPQ2d 1600 (Fed. Cir. 1993) 2103 , 2107.01 , 2107.02 , 2163 , 2163.03

Zimmerley, Ex parte, 153 USPQ 367 (Bd. App. 1966) 2181

Zletz, In re, 893 F.2d 319, 13 USPQ2d 1320 (Fed. Cir. 1989) 715 , 2111 , 2111.01 , 2111.03 , 2138 , 2171 , 2173.05(a) , 2181 , 2286 , 2686.04

Zurko, In re, 258 F.3d 1379, 59 USPQ2d 1693 (Fed. Cir. 2001) 2144.03

[an error occurred while processing this directive]