Calendar Year 1994

This report lists the organizations receiving the most patents for
invention (i.e., utility patents) during the 1994 CALENDAR year.

In 1994, International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) received
more patents than any other organization and the most patents ever
granted in one year to a non-Federal organization.  The
corporation's 1,298 patents for 1994 surpassed the 1,251 patents
granted to the U.S. Government during the period.  This marks the
first time in five years that a non-Federal organization has
received the most patents for a year. In addition, for the second
straight year, IBM received more patents than any other non-Federal

Following IBM and the Federal Government, Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
received 1,096 patents in 1994 while Hitachi, Ltd, General Electric
Company, Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha, and Toshiba Corporation
are grouped together with slightly less than 1,000 patents each.

U.S. corporations continued to be active in patenting in 1994.  As
in 1993, four of the top ten non-Federal patenting organizations
are U.S. corporations.  However, only two of the top five are U.S.
corporations in 1994 as compared to three of the top five in 1993.

NEC Corporation joins the top eleven patenting organizations for
1994 while Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd drops off the list (to
sixteenth position).  Other organizations on the list remain
unchanged from 1993 except for their relative positions. Eastman
Kodak Company drops from fifth to ninth position and Motorola, Inc.
drops from ninth to tenth position.

A complete listing of the top eleven organizations receiving
utility patents during 1994 is shown below.

   Rank    (Rank        Organization                            # Patents
 in 1994  in 1993)

    1       (2)    International Business Machines Corporation      1,298
    2       (1)    U.S. GOVERNMENT                                  1,251
    3       (4)    Canon Kabushiki Kaisha                           1,096
    4       (8)    Hitachi, Ltd.                                      976
    5       (6)    General Electric Company                           970
            (7)    Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha                  970
    7       (3)    Toshiba Corporation                                968
    8      (12)    NEC Corporation                                    897
    9       (5)    Eastman Kodak Company                              888
   10       (9)    Motorola Inc.                                      837
   11      (10)    Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.           771

Please Note:
Patent information included in the report reflects patent ownership at
patent grant and does not include changes in ownership which occur after
the patent grant.  Where more than one assignee (owner) exists, patents
are attributed to the first-named assignee.

No attempt has been made to combine data based on subsidiary relationships.
However, where possible, spelling variations and variations based on name
changes have been merged into a single name (e.g., ESSO to EXXON).  While
every effort is made to accurately identify all organizational entities and
report data by a single organization name, achievement of a totally clean
record is not expected, particularly in view of the variations which occur
in many corporate identifications.

Questions regarding this report should be directed to:
(address updated 4/96)
             U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
             Office of Electronic Information Products
             Technology Assessment and Forecast Program
             PK3-Suite 441
             Washington, DC  20231

             tel (703) 306-2600
             FAX (703) 306-2737

SOURCE:   U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
          Technology Assessment and Forecast data base  (1-27-95)

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