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U.S. PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE
Patent Technology Monitoring Team (PTMT)

Patenting In U.S. Metropolitan and Micropolitan Areas
Breakout By Technology Class

Count of 2000 - 2013 Utility Patent Grants
As Distributed By Calendar Year of Grant

- Explanation of Data -

Rank Ordered Listing of Technology Classes Receiving 1 or More Utility Patents During the Period
Originating From

Columbia, SC

( Metropolitan Statistical Area )

( patent origin is determined by the residence of the first-named inventor )
( technology class is determined by the primary classification assigned to a patent- see 'Explanation of Data' )
( some classes have been combined together under a single class identifier )
( patent counts may not sum exactly due to rounding - see the Explanation of Data )
( regional areas are based on U.S. Core Based Statistical Area (CBSA) )

The following table displays technology classes and counts of utility patents classified in them; patents are distributed by year of patent grant.
Class Class Title 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Total
257 Active Solid-State Devices (e.g., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes) 0 0 0 0 1 4 1 0 2 3 2 1 5 11 30
376 Induced Nuclear Reactions: Processes, Systems, and Elements 2 1 0 4 3 0 2 0 0 4 2 2 1 9 30
324 Electricity: Measuring and Testing 4 4 1 2 2 1 2 4 1 1 2 1 2 2 29
520 Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers (includes Classes 520-528) 1 1 2 2 0 1 0 0 0 4 5 8 2 3 29
435 Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 2 1 0 2 4 4 4 22
711 Memory (Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems) 7 2 3 1 5 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 22
705 DP: Financial, Business Practice, Management, or Cost/Price Determination (Data Processing) 1 1 1 0 0 1 2 1 1 1 5 4 1 2 21
424 Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions (includes Class 514) 1 2 0 1 2 1 4 0 0 0 1 3 2 2 19
052 Static Structures (e.g., Buildings) 1 2 1 1 1 0 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 18
356 Optics: Measuring and Testing 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 5 5 4 17
385 Optical Waveguides 1 4 3 1 1 1 2 0 1 0 0 0 1 2 17
239 Fluid Sprinkling, Spraying, and Diffusing 1 0 0 2 3 4 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 15
123 Internal-Combustion Engines 1 0 1 4 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 2 0 0 14
428 Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 3 0 14
438 Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 2 1 0 4 3 14
042 Firearms 0 3 0 1 2 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 1 2 13
128 Surgery (includes Class 600) 1 2 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 3 3 13
099 Foods and Beverages: Apparatus 0 2 0 2 3 1 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 12
359 Optical: Systems and Elements 0 2 1 0 0 1 0 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 12
340 Communications: Electrical 0 0 1 1 2 1 1 0 0 3 1 1 0 0 11
709 Multicomputer Data Transferring (Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems) 1 1 2 1 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 11
104 Railways 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 3 2 10
210 Liquid Purification or Separation 1 0 1 0 1 3 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 10
379 Telephonic Communications 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 2 2 0 0 10
422 Chemical Apparatus and Process Disinfecting, Deodorizing, Preserving, or Sterilizing 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 3 1 3 10
702 DP: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing (Data Processing) 1 0 0 1 0 0 3 1 0 0 0 2 0 2 10
714 Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery 1 3 2 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 10
248 Supports (e.g., for holding articles, etc.) 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 2 0 9
361 Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 1 0 9
417 Pumps 0 0 0 0 1 3 3 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 9
436 Chemistry: Analytical and Immunological Testing 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 4 2 9
713 Support (Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems) 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 2 0 0 1 1 2 9
005 Beds 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 8
073 Measuring and Testing 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 3 1 8
126 Stoves and Furnaces 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 2 0 4 8
219 Electric Heating 3 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 8
264 Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 3 0 8
362 Illumination 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 2 1 0 0 8
707 DP: Database and File Management or Data Structures (Data Processing) 0 0 1 1 1 2 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 8
062 Refrigeration 0 0 0 3 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7
137 Fluid Handling 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 7
206 Special Receptacle or Package 1 1 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 7
710 Input/Output (Electrical Computers and Digital Data Processing Systems) 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 7
002 Apparel 1 1 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 6
029 Metal Working 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 0 2 6
089 Ordnance 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 6
134 Cleaning and Liquid Contact with Solids 1 0 0 1 0 2 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 6
174 Electricity: Conductors and Insulators 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 6
222 Dispensing (apparatus and process) 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 0 0 6
242 Winding, Tensioning, or Guiding 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 6
280 Land Vehicles 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 6
343 Communications: Radio Wave Antennas 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 6
375 Pulse or Digital Communications 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 6
381 Electrical Audio Signal Processing Systems and Devices 0 0 2 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 6
429 Chemistry: Electrical Current Producing Apparatus, Product, and Process 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 6
604 Surgery (Medicators and Receptors) 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 6
004 Baths, Closets, Sinks, and Spittoons 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 5
033 Geometrical Instruments 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 5
043 Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 5
229 Envelopes, Wrappers, and Paperboard Boxes 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 5
246 Railway Switches and Signals 0 0 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5
250 Radiant Energy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 3 0 5
252 Compositions 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 5
292 Closure Fasteners 1 0 0 1 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5
370 Multiplex Communications 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 0 1 5
382 Image Analysis 0 2 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5
532 Organic Compounds (includes Classes 532-570) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 5
701 DP: Vehicles, Navigation, and Relative Location (Data Processing) 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 3 5
706 DP: Artificial Intelligence (Data Processing) 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 2 0 5
008 Bleaching and Dyeing; Fluid Treatment and Chemical Modification of Textiles and Fibers 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 4
056 Harvesters 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 4
122 Liquid Heaters and Vaporizers 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4
125 Stone Working 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 4
221 Article Dispensing 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 4
297 Chairs and Seats 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 4
446 Amusement Devices: Toys 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 4
717 DP: Software Development, Installation, and Management (Data Processing) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 4
800 Multicellular Living Organisms and Unmodified Parts Thereof and Related Processes 0 0 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4
030 Cutlery 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 3
070 Locks 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 3
081 Tools 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 3
083 Cutting 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 3
084 Music 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
106 Compositions: Coating or Plastic 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 3
119 Animal Husbandry 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 3
310 Electrical Generator or Motor Structure 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 3
327 Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 3
383 Flexible Bags 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3
405 Hydraulic and Earth Engineering 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 3
423 Chemistry of Inorganic Compounds 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3
427 Coating Processes 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3
440 Marine Propulsion 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 3
502 Catalyst, Solid Sorbent, or Support Therefor: Product or Process of Making 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 3
623 Prosthesis (i.e., Artificial Body Members), Parts Thereof, or Aids and Accessories Therefor 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 3
700 DP: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications (Data Processing) 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 3
014 Bridges 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 2
016 Miscellaneous Hardware (e.g., Bushing, Carpet Fastener, Caster, Door Closer, Panel Hanger, Attachable or Adjunct Handle, Hinge, Window Sash Balance, Etc.) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2
040 Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2
053 Package Making 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
055 Gas Separation 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2
072 Metal Deforming 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
074 Machine Element or Mechanism 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2
109 Safes, Bank Protection, or a Related Device 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2
114 Ships 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 2
131 Tobacco 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2
135 Tent, Canopy, Umbrella, or Cane 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2
162 Paper Making and Fiber Liberation 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
169 Fire Extinguishers 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2
181 Acoustics 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2
182 Fire Escape, Ladder, or Scaffold 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
211 Supports: Racks 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2
235 Registers (e.g., cash registers, calculators, devices for counting movements of devices, etc.) 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
273 Amusement Devices: Games 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 2
277 Seal for a Joint or Juncture 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2
290 Prime-Mover Dynamo Plants 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2
294 Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 2
301 Land Vehicles: Wheels and Axles 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2
307 Electrical Transmission or Interconnection Systems 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
318 Electricity: Motive Power Systems 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
320 Electricity: Battery or Capacitor Charging or Discharging 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 2
335 Electricity: Magnetically Operated Switches, Magnets, and Electromagnets 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
348 Television 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2
392 Electric Resistance Heating Devices 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2
398 Optical Communications 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
409 Gear Cutting, Milling, or Planing 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
425 Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2
439 Electrical Connectors 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2
454 Ventilation 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
472 Amusement Devices 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2
482 Exercise Devices 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
510 Cleaning Compositions for Solid Surfaces, Auxiliary Compositions Therefor, or Processes of Preparing the Compositions 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
601 Surgery: Kinesitherapy 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
012 Boot and Shoe Making 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
015 Brushing, Scrubbing, and General Cleaning 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
034 Drying and Gas or Vapor Contact with Solids 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
036 Boots, Shoes, and Leggings 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
057 Textiles: Spinning, Twisting, and Twining 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
060 Power Plants 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
110 Furnaces 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
118 Coating Apparatus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
124 Mechanical Guns and Projectors 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
132 Toilet 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
141 Fluent Material Handling, with Receiver or Receiver Coacting Means 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
150 Purses, Wallets, and Protective Covers 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
156 Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
166 Wells (shafts or deep borings in the earth, e.g., for oil and gas) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
184 Lubrication 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
188 Brakes 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
198 Conveyors: Power-Driven 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
200 Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
204 Chemistry: Electrical and Wave Energy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
209 Classifying, Separating, and Assorting Solids 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
215 Bottles and Jars 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
223 Apparel Apparatus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
224 Package and Article Carriers 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
227 Elongated-Member-Driving Apparatus 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
228 Metal Fusion Bonding 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
232 Deposit and Collection Receptacles 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
249 Static Molds 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
285 Pipe Joints or Couplings 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
303 Fluid-Pressure and Analogous Brake Systems 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
312 Supports: Cabinet Structure 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
315 Electric Lamp and Discharge Devices: Systems 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
326 Electronic Digital Logic Circuitry 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
333 Wave Transmission Lines and Networks 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
349 Liquid Crystal Cells, Elements and Systems 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
384 Bearings 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
403 Joints and Connections 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
404 Road Structure, Process, or Apparatus 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
408 Cutting by Use of Rotating Axially Moving Tool 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
410 Freight Accommodation On Freight Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
416 Fluid Reaction Surfaces (i.e., Impellers) 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
426 Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
431 Combustion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
441 Buoys, Rafts, and Aquatic Devices 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
451 Abrading 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
473 Games Using Tangible Projectile 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
493 Manufacturing Container or Tube From Paper; or Other Manufacturing From a Sheet or Web 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
585 Chemistry of Hydrocarbon Compounds 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
588 Hazardous or Toxic Waste Destruction or Containment 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
703 DP: Structural Design, Modeling, Simulation, and Emulation (Data Processing) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
704 DP: Speech Signal Processing, Linguistics, Language Translation, and Audio Compression/Decompression (Data Processing) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
712 Processing Architectures and Instruction Processing, e.g., Processors (Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
715 DP: Presentation Processing of Document, Operator Interface Processing, and Screen Saver Display Processing (Data Processing) 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
718 Virtual Machine Task or Process Management or Task Management/Control (Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems) 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
719 Interprogram Communication or Interprocess Communication (Ipc) (Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems) 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
ALL ALL CLASSES 69 76 58 63 67 48 62 41 40 53 61 86 96 110 930



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