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U.S. PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE
Patent Technology Monitoring Team (PTMT)

Patenting In U.S. Metropolitan and Micropolitan Areas
Breakout By Technology Class

Count of 2000 - 2011 Utility Patent Grants
As Distributed By Calendar Year of Grant

- Explanation of Data -

Rank Ordered Listing of Technology Classes Receiving 1 or More Utility Patents During the Period
Originating From

Birmingham-Hoover, AL

( Metropolitan Statistical Area )

( patent origin is determined by the residence of the first-named inventor )
( technology class is determined by the primary classification assigned to a patent- see 'Explanation of Data' )
( some classes have been combined together under a single class identifier )
( patent counts may not sum exactly due to rounding - see the Explanation of Data )
( regional areas are based on U.S. Core Based Statistical Area (CBSA) )

The following table displays technology classes and counts of utility patents classified in them; patents are distributed by year of patent grant.
Class Class Title 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total
424 Drug, Bio-Affecting and Body Treating Compositions (includes Class 514) 17 21 20 24 13 11 9 9 7 9 17 7 164
435 Chemistry: Molecular Biology and Microbiology 5 8 10 12 7 2 3 3 1 3 2 3 59
379 Telephonic Communications 0 1 5 6 4 6 10 3 2 3 3 2 45
128 Surgery (includes Class 600) 4 1 3 4 4 4 3 1 0 2 0 1 27
532 Organic Compounds (includes Classes 532-570) 0 3 0 4 6 4 4 2 1 0 2 0 26
052 Static Structures (e.g., Buildings) 0 2 2 1 3 2 4 1 2 2 2 1 22
248 Supports (e.g., for holding articles, etc.) 0 0 0 0 2 5 5 3 2 2 2 1 22
607 Surgery: Light, Thermal, and Electrical Application 1 4 3 2 2 0 4 1 1 1 1 2 22
705 DP: Financial, Business Practice, Management, or Cost/Price Determination (Data Processing) 2 0 0 0 1 0 4 4 1 1 6 1 20
707 DP: Database and File Management or Data Structures (Data Processing) 1 0 0 4 2 1 0 2 1 3 2 3 19
280 Land Vehicles 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 4 5 5 18
606 Surgery (instruments) 1 1 2 2 3 1 0 2 1 0 1 4 18
182 Fire Escape, Ladder, or Scaffold 1 0 0 0 0 5 4 0 2 0 0 2 14
210 Liquid Purification or Separation 0 0 2 1 3 1 1 0 2 2 1 0 13
530 Chemistry: Natural Resins or Derivatives; Peptides or Proteins; Lignins or Reaction Products Thereof 2 0 1 2 4 1 0 0 2 0 0 1 13
370 Multiplex Communications 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 2 3 0 4 12
428 Stock Material or Miscellaneous Articles 1 2 2 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 11
002 Apparel 0 2 1 2 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 10
709 Multicomputer Data Transferring (Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems) 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 3 10
285 Pipe Joints or Couplings 0 0 0 1 1 0 5 1 0 1 0 0 9
623 Prosthesis (i.e., Artificial Body Members), Parts Thereof, or Aids and Accessories Therefor 1 1 1 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 9
073 Measuring and Testing 0 0 2 2 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 8
164 Metal Founding 0 2 1 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 8
604 Surgery (Medicators and Receptors) 1 1 0 1 2 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 8
033 Geometrical Instruments 0 1 0 0 0 1 2 2 1 0 0 0 7
141 Fluent Material Handling, with Receiver or Receiver Coacting Means 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 2 7
174 Electricity: Conductors and Insulators 0 0 1 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 0 7
436 Chemistry: Analytical and Immunological Testing 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 1 1 1 7
700 DP: Generic Control Systems or Specific Applications (Data Processing) 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 3 2 0 7
198 Conveyors: Power-Driven 0 2 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 6
422 Chemical Apparatus and Process Disinfecting, Deodorizing, Preserving, or Sterilizing 0 0 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 6
427 Coating Processes 1 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 6
455 Telecommunications 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 6
726 Information Security 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 3 0 6
005 Beds 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 5
030 Cutlery 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 5
095 Gas Separation: Processes 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 5
206 Special Receptacle or Package 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 5
241 Solid Material Comminution or Disintegration 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 5
246 Railway Switches and Signals 1 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 5
294 Handling: Hand and Hoist-Line Implements 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 5
324 Electricity: Measuring and Testing 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 5
351 Optics: Eye Examining, Vision Testing and Correcting 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 0 5
378 X-Ray or Gamma Ray Systems or Devices 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 5
405 Hydraulic and Earth Engineering 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 5
414 Material or Article Handling 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 5
439 Electrical Connectors 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 2 0 0 5
473 Games Using Tangible Projectile 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 2 0 5
004 Baths, Closets, Sinks, and Spittoons 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 4
015 Brushing, Scrubbing, and General Cleaning 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 4
029 Metal Working 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 0 4
062 Refrigeration 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 4
083 Cutting 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 4
137 Fluid Handling 1 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 4
148 Metal Treatment 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 4
254 Implements or Apparatus for Applying Pushing or Pulling Force 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 4
297 Chairs and Seats 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 4
520 Synthetic Resins or Natural Rubbers (includes Classes 520-528) 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 4
601 Surgery: Kinesitherapy 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 4
702 DP: Measuring, Calibrating, or Testing (Data Processing) 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 4
024 Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, Etc. 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 3
060 Power Plants 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 3
081 Tools 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 3
096 Gas Separation: Apparatus 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
106 Compositions: Coating or Plastic 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 3
112 Sewing 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
118 Coating Apparatus 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 3
122 Liquid Heaters and Vaporizers 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 3
123 Internal-Combustion Engines 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 3
134 Cleaning and Liquid Contact with Solids 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
144 Woodworking 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 3
175 Boring or Penetrating the Earth 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
219 Electric Heating 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 3
222 Dispensing (apparatus and process) 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 3
227 Elongated-Member-Driving Apparatus 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
252 Compositions 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3
273 Amusement Devices: Games 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
296 Land Vehicles: Bodies and Tops 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 3
340 Communications: Electrical 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 3
362 Illumination 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 3
372 Coherent Light Generators 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 3
385 Optical Waveguides 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 3
410 Freight Accommodation On Freight Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 3
411 Expanded, Threaded, Driven, Headed, Tool-Deformed, or Locked-Threaded Fastener 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 3
425 Plastic Article or Earthenware Shaping or Treating: Apparatus 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 3
433 Dentistry 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 3
482 Exercise Devices 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 3
602 Surgery: Splint, Brace, or Bandage 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 3
706 DP: Artificial Intelligence (Data Processing) 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 3
719 Interprogram Communication or Interprocess Communication (Ipc) (Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 3
040 Card, Picture, or Sign Exhibiting 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
043 Fishing, Trapping, and Vermin Destroying 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2
049 Movable or Removable Closures 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
055 Gas Separation 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2
063 Jewelry 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
072 Metal Deforming 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
104 Railways 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2
110 Furnaces 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2
117 Single-Crystal, Oriented-Crystal, and Epitaxy Growth Processes; Non-Coating Apparatus Therefor 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
126 Stoves and Furnaces 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
132 Toilet 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
135 Tent, Canopy, Umbrella, or Cane 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2
156 Adhesive Bonding and Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2
157 Wheelwright Machines 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 2
162 Paper Making and Fiber Liberation 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
173 Tool Driving or Impacting 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
188 Brakes 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2
205 Electrolysis: Processes, Compositions Used Therein, and Methods of Preparing the Compositions 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
211 Supports: Racks 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
250 Radiant Energy 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2
301 Land Vehicles: Wheels and Axles 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 2
343 Communications: Radio Wave Antennas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 2
359 Optical: Systems and Elements 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
361 Electricity: Electrical Systems and Devices 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2
366 Agitating (e.g., of articles and materials) 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
381 Electrical Audio Signal Processing Systems and Devices 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
382 Image Analysis 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2
386 Motion Video Signal Processing for Recording or Reproducing 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2
392 Electric Resistance Heating Devices 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2
415 Rotary Kinetic Fluid Motors or Pumps 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 2
426 Food or Edible Material: Processes, Compositions, and Products 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
450 Foundation Garments 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2
502 Catalyst, Solid Sorbent, or Support Therefor: Product or Process of Making 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 2
504 Plant Protecting and Regulating Compositions 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
007 Compound Hand Tools 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
027 Undertaking 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
036 Boots, Shoes, and Leggings 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
038 Textiles: Ironing or Smoothing 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
042 Firearms 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
054 Harness for Working Animal 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
056 Harvesters 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
066 Textiles: Knitting 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
070 Locks 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
071 Chemistry: Fertilizers 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
084 Music 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
089 Ordnance 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
092 Expansible Chamber Devices 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
099 Foods and Beverages: Apparatus 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
105 Railway Rolling Stock 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
108 Horizontally Supported Planar Surfaces 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
114 Ships 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
116 Signals and Indicators 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
119 Animal Husbandry 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
124 Mechanical Guns and Projectors 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
131 Tobacco 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
149 Explosive and Thermic Compositions or Charges 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
180 Motor Vehicles 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
200 Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
208 Mineral Oils: Processes and Products 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
209 Classifying, Separating, and Assorting Solids 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
212 Traversing Hoists 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
215 Bottles and Jars 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
220 Receptacles 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
221 Article Dispensing 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
224 Package and Article Carriers 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
225 Severing by Tearing or Breaking 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
235 Registers (e.g., cash registers, calculators, devices for counting movements of devices, etc.) 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
238 Railways: Surface Track 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
239 Fluid Sprinkling, Spraying, and Diffusing 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
244 Aeronautics and Astronautics 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
249 Static Molds 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
256 Fences 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
264 Plastic and Nonmetallic Article Shaping or Treating: Processes 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
266 Metallurgical Apparatus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
281 Books, Strips, and Leaves 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
290 Prime-Mover Dynamo Plants 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
292 Closure Fasteners 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
310 Electrical Generator or Motor Structure 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
318 Electricity: Motive Power Systems 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
327 Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, and Systems 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
337 Electricity: Electrothermally or Thermally Actuated Switches 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
341 Coded Data Generation or Conversion 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
342 Communications: Directive Radio Wave Systems and Devices (e.g., Radar, Radio Navigation) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
345 Computer Graphics Processing and Selective Visual Display Systems 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
348 Television 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
363 Electric Power Conversion Systems 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
373 Industrial Electric Heating Furnaces 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
374 Thermal Measuring and Testing 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
376 Induced Nuclear Reactions: Processes, Systems, and Elements 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
396 Photography 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
403 Joints and Connections 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
404 Road Structure, Process, or Apparatus 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
423 Chemistry of Inorganic Compounds 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
434 Education and Demonstration 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
438 Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
440 Marine Propulsion 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
441 Buoys, Rafts, and Aquatic Devices 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
446 Amusement Devices: Toys 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
449 Bee Culture (propagating, raising, caring for bees) 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
451 Abrading 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
452 Butchering 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
462 Books, Strips, and Leaves for Manifolding 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
477 Interrelated Power Delivery Controls, Including Engine Control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
701 DP: Vehicles, Navigation, and Relative Location (Data Processing) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
714 Error Detection/Correction and Fault Detection/Recovery 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
715 DP: Presentation Processing of Document, Operator Interface Processing, and Screen Saver Display Processing (Data Processing) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
717 DP: Software Development, Installation, and Management (Data Processing) 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
718 Virtual Machine Task or Process Management or Task Management/Control (Electrical Computers and Digital Processing Systems) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
800 Multicellular Living Organisms and Unmodified Parts Thereof and Related Processes 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
ALL ALL CLASSES 64 94 98 109 91 82 88 69 56 74 92 86 1003


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Questions regarding these reports should be directed to:

U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
Electronic Information Products Division - PTMT
P.O Box 1450
Alexandria VA 22313-1450

tel: (571) 272-5600
fax: (571) 273-0110
email: oeip@uspto.gov

address of PTMT pages at the USPTO Web Site: http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/ac/ido/oeip/taf/tafp.html
selected PTMT files available for download at : http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/ac/ido/oeip/taf/data/


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