How is the patent prosecution process different for participants in the pilot program?

The only difference in the patent prosecution process for participants in the pilot program is that applications that successfully complete the posting and review process with at least one prior art reference document (including a compliant submission from Peer-to-Patent) forwarded to the Office, will receive advancement of examination for the first Office action on the merits. Examiners will consider all documents and comments submitted by the peer review process and will give those documents and comments the weight the examiner deems appropriate. Further prosecution of the applications submitted under this program will continue in the conventional manner.

USPTO FAQ - Questions and Answers (25JUN2007)