On Line Chat Transcripts
I've searched your site and come across an existing application for the same TM name. My question is at what point is the application considered abandoned?
A trademark application is considered abandoned when there is no response to an office action within the statutory six-month response period. However, the application is not noted as abandoned for approximately 2 months following the expiration of the response period. This is done to allow a response that was filed on the last day of the response period time to be associated with the file. It appears that this application should be noted as abandoned but until that is posted as the official status you cannot assume that is correct. You may check the status of this application on the TARR system at the USPTO website. Since you are not the applicant in this application you may not contact the Examining Attorney assigned to the application for further information.
So if the TM application is officially abandon 8 months after last correspondence than I could file an application and not be refused?
That’s much too broad a statement to say “yes” to. There are many factors that go into allowing or refusing registration of a mark. It is also possible for an abandoned application to be revived. You can submit your application at any time but, of course, you take the chance of refusal. If your application is refused because this prior-filed application was revived and the Examining Attorney finds there is a likelihood of confusion between it and your application, you will be refused registration until prosecution of the prior-filed application is complete.
What does IFW TSS Processing by Tech Center Complete mean?
This is really an internal code for PTO staff, but it means that our technical support staff is processing the application in image format.
I need some advice. Can anyone help?
The Office cannot provide legal advice but you can contact our Inventors Assistance Center at 1-800-786-9199.
Is an applicant allowed to make voluntary amendment (specification/claim) before first Office Action (OA), in response to first OA, and after the first OA, which indicates, all claims are allowed?
You may amend your application before first Office action (this is called “preliminary amendment” and preliminary amendments are governed by 37 CFR 1.115), or in response to a first Office action (amendments filed in reply to a first Office action are governed by 37 CFR 1.111). All amendments must comply with 37 CFR 1.121 (manner of making amendments) and no amendment may introduce new matter into the disclosure of an application. After all claims are allowed your right to amend is limited.
Once a utility patent is filed, will the inventor be allowed access to examiner notes (e.g., patentability reports, search criteria, etc.) contained in the file wrapper at any time?
Yes, an applicant may access the entire file through Private PAIR. See the Electronic Business Center on our web page on how to use this feature. http://www.uspto.gov/main/faq/p120pair016.htm
Do I need to send in the following with my utility invention hardcopy? The Fee Transmittal Form (Form PTO/SB/17) Utility Patent Application Transmittal (Form PTO/SB/05) Application Data Sheet (see 37 CFR § 1.76) Specification, Drawings Oath or Declaration- Forms PTO/SB/01, PTO/SB/01A, PTO/SB/02, and PTO/SB/02LR Post card and required fees.
No forms are required, however we suggest you use the forms you mentioned with the exception of only 1 oath or declaration form is needed. Everything else you mentioned is correct.
Please describe the application process or where to get application process information.
Contact our Inventors Assistance Center at 1-800-786-9199 to request a packet of information and ask specific questions.
Filed a Business Method patent and related PCT in August 2007, and now seek some sort of estimate, based upon the current USPTO caseload, when I might expect to see the next steps in the application process in terms of months to the first step, and typical average number of months between steps thereafter. Please contact the supervisor or the examiner in charge of the application
Art Unit Status
I have applications filed in August 2003, pre-assigned to art unit 2673 and 2674. I haven't heard from PTO except for reception and publication notice, can you tell me the status of these two art units?
One can check on the status of applications in the art unit by checking the OG notices. For example, go to http://www.uspto.gov/ , then click on Patents, under the heading “Search Aids” click on OG (Official Gazette) then click on 2005, week 38, then scroll down to the Technology Centers specific to your application. It will give you the average filing date of application receiving a first office action in the last 3 months. 2670 includes the two art units that you mentioned and the average filing date of application receiving a first Office action in the 3 months is 8/11/03.
When applying for a patent do you have to disclose the name of your assignee if you have one?
While it is recommended, it is not required to file your assignment document with the USPTO.
How does an inventor set aside an assignment, rendered under false promises since reneged?
The USPTO merely records patent assignments. We make no determination as to the validity of an assignment.
I filed a patent application with Assignment. The USPTO replied confirming the receipt of the Assignment. The patent was granted, but published without the Assignment. Any reason for that? What corrective action needs to be taken?
Unless the assignee name and residence data is included in the “Part B – Fee(s) Transmittal” form (PTOL-85), this information will not appear on the patent. If you did include this information on the form, you should file a request for a Certificate of Correction using a form PTO/SB/44 (http://www.uspto.gov/web/forms/index.xml - patent) see MPEP Chapter 1400 (http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/pac/mpep/index.html )
Do I need an attorney?
There are no requirements that you must use a registered patent attorney or agent. However the process of securing a patent can be complicated and the Office strongly suggests using the services of a registered patent attorney or agent. A listing is available at:
How do I find a patent attorney in my area?
We are looking for a patent attorney. What is the best way to research them or find ratings on them. We are in Jacksonville, FL.
The USPTO maintains a roster of registered patent attorneys/agents. To access this list go to https://oedci.uspto.gov/OEDCI/ . You can search by geographical location.
Basic Information About Patents
How do I found basic information about patents?
You can visit our Inventors Resource Page at http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/com/iip/index.htm , where the brochure, General Information Concerning Patents and A Guide to Filing a Utility Application can be found. And you can contact our Inventors Assistance Center at 1-800-786-9199 for answer to specific questions.
Is there a beginner's kit that I can get to help start the process of my idea?
The Inventor Assistance Center, 1-800-786-9199, can send you an information packet to help you get started.
Rather than call the Inventor Assistance Center, can I download the Packet to get started? If yes, what is the address?
Yes, you can go to the Inventors Resource page at http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/com/iip/index.htm
and view a number of our brochures on-line.
Does the USPTO have patent copies that are accessible to blind inventors?
U.S. patents since 1976 and U.S. published patent applications since March 2001 are available in html format in the PatFt and AppFt databases on the USPTO Website. Existing software used by many public libraries at dedicated workstations can read aloud these patents’ text but cannot translate any drawings.
Can a board game be patented? And if so, how can I see current board games that have been patented? Also, how much different does one game need to be from another?
Yes, a board game can be patented. You can see examples by conducting a search on our web site, go to http://www.uspto.gov/patft/index.html . For information regarding whether you invention is patentable or not, go to the Inventors’ Resource page on the USPTO web site.
Business Method Patent
Is there a Business Method Patent?
It is a utility patent. Utility patent applications may be filed for business methods. For additional information go to http://www.uspto.gov/web/menu/pbmethod
Can applicants call in and speak with the examiner directly?
Yes, this is called an "interview" and is generally conducted after the first Office action has been mailed. Please see MPEP 713 for a detailed explanation of interview practice.
Certificate of Corrections
My last name on my patent certificate is incorrect. is there any way i can submit the proper spelling and get a new certificate?
Yes you may file a request for a certificate of correction. The patent, however, will not be reprinted. See http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/pac/doc/general/correct.htm
My question is in regard to company filing patents on behalf of the joint inventors. If a patent is awarded and the joint inventors were not on the patent application, does this affect the status of the patent?
Patents are issued in the names of the inventors. If there has been an error in naming the inventors and the error was not discovered until after the patent has issued, the error may be corrected by filing a request under 37 CFR 1.324. See also MPEP 1481.01 available at: http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/pac/mpep/mpep_e8r7_1400.pdf
Change the Name of My Product
What should I do if I want to change the name of my product? Do I need to do notify the Patent Office?
The name of the product protected by your patent sounds like you're referring to a trademark for those goods. If you are referring to the brand name by which your product is or will be known by the public, you should look into filing an application to register that name as a trademark.
Characters in a Trademark
How are characters like a hyphen treated in a trademark. For example if "i-name" is registered could I register "iname"
The pronunciation of the trademark is the most controlling factor. So whether or not similar marks have dashes separating elements of one or the other mark wouldn't make much difference in deciding whether there would be a likelihood of confusion in the market place.
Is there another chat scheduled?
We will be hosting our On-line Chats every other month and information is always posted on our home page, www.uspto.gov
Where can I find other archived chats hosted by USPTO?
All previous chat questions and answer are posted at http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/com/iip/onlineiip.htm . You can find answer to many of your questions there.
I did not include a suggested class in my non-provisional utility patent application. Would it be appropriate to suggest a class as part of a preliminary amendment?
That is not necessary
Is it not true that if an application does not contain any claims, that the examiner MUST come up with at least 2 claims?
Any non-provisional application submitted without at least one claim would be considered incomplete and no filing date will be granted. Applicant would be notified of the deficiencies and given a set period to respond.
If an application is made for an idea in it's broadest sense, does the USPTO make the determination of how broad the scope of the patent can be?
The USPTO examiner will review the application when filed and will make a search of the prior art. If a claim is too broad because it is not supported by the description in the application as originally filed, or by an enabling disclosure, the examiner will reject the claim under 35 U.S.C. 112, 1st paragraph. If a claim is too broad because it reads on the prior art (the claim is supported by the description), the examiner will reject the claim under either 35 U.S.C. 102 or 103, as appropriate.
Do claims have to be backed up by scientific literature or evidence?
All patented inventions must be operable. While initially you don't have to provide evidence that an invention is operable, an examiner may reject a claim as being inoperable. In this instance you would be required to prove the invention is operable.
Is there anyway to make claims broader after a patent is issued?
This can be done by filing a reissue application within 2 years of the issue date of the patent.
Can I modify the claims after the application is submitted (and before it is issued)?
Yes, but you cannot add new matter, that is, new material that is not supported by the original specification.
How many times can a claim be amended before prosecution of the application?
Our current regulations do not have a limit as long as no new matter is added. However, once prosecution of the application is closed (e.g., final rejection), amendments are no longer entered as a matter of right. Only certain amendments may be entered. See 37 CFR 1.116.
How do "Claims" protect the invention if related sites have the same elements only one additional part is incuded?
The subject matter set forth in a claim is the invention that your patent protects. Whether a product infringes the claims of your patent is a question that is decided by a court.
I do not have the skills to write claims and will need to develop better claim writing and phrasing, is there a template or form example to help?
We don’t have a template for drafting claims. However, one of the best ways to facilitate learning how to draft good claims, is to look at patents which currently exist in your field of technology.
What are the rules about who should be listed as a co-inventor on a patent?
Information about co inventors can be found in 37 CFR § 1.45, (attached) Joint inventors. (a)Joint inventors must apply for a patent jointly and each must make the required oath or declaration: neither of them alone, nor less than the entire number, can apply for a patent for an invention invented by them jointly, except as provided in § 1.47. (b)Inventors may apply for a patent jointly even though (1) They did not physically work together or at the same time, (2) Each inventor did not make the same type or amount of contribution, or (3) Each inventor did not make a contribution to the subject matter of every claim of the application. (c)If multiple inventors are named in a nonprovisional application, each named inventor must have made a contribution, individually or jointly, to the subject matter of at least one claim of the application and the application will be considered to be a joint application under 35 U.S.C. 116. If multiple inventors are named in a provisional application, each named inventor must have made a contribution, individually or jointly, to the subject matter disclosed in the provisional application and the provisional application will be considered to be a joint application under 35 U.S.C. 116.
What are the common mistakes the independent inventors intend to make when they file a patent application without using patent attorney/agent?
First, the most common mistake is not doing your homework by understanding what is needed in an application. Our web site, http://www.uspto.gov/ has a wealth of information. Second, the claims are usually written as what the invention does, how it works or what it is intended to do rather than how it is made. It is important to clearly define what the invention is. Finally, the written descriptions that most often cause trouble are those that don't clearly describe their invention. You can contact our Inventors Assistance Center at 1-800-786-9199 for additional information.
Do you have complaints against the Davidson company, an invention promotion firm?
Company Filing for Patents
Can a company file for a patent or only a natural person(s)?
Applications must be filed in the name of the inventor(s). The inventor(s) must sign the oath or declaration for patent application. However, a company may have the patent rights assigned to them. Once the inventor(s) has assigned the rights to the company, the company may take action in the patent application.
If a computer program generates an invention, who is listed as the inventor on the patent application?
Here is a draft response: 35 U.S.C. 101 states that “[w]hoever invents or discovers any new and useful process, manufacture, or composition of matter or any new and useful improvement thereof, may obtain a patent…” It is difficult to answer your question based on your statement that “a computer program generates an invention” without more facts. Whether someone should be listed as an inventor should be determined by the inventor(s) and/or the inventor(s)’s registered patent practitioner.
Cost of a Patent
What is the average cost of a patent, and what is the average cost for a Patent Attorney or Patent Agent?
The Office has no oversight over attorney/agent fees. The USPTO fees can be found on the Inventors Resource Page at http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/com/iip/index.htm
What is the time limit for filing a continuation-in-part application? Does it have to be before the publication date, or the issue date? When does the terminal disclaimer for the parent application have to be filed? If the only independent claim in my patent is too restricted, is it possible to remove some restrictions by filing a continuation-in-part application?
- A continuation-in-part must be filed while the parent application is co-pending, in other words before the issue date, termination of proceedings date, or abandoned date of the parent application.
- A terminal disclaimer can be filed at any time before allowance but should not be filed unless the examiner has made a double-patenting rejection.
- Yes, however the broader claim must be supported by the written description of the parent specification and enabled by it as well in order to receive the benefit of the filing date of the parent application.
If I am not satisfied with the allowed claims of my application, can I file a continuation or continuation in part application with amended claims and let the original application go abandoned?
Yes, but you have to file the continuation or continuation in part before the original goes abandoned.
Contact the Examiner
Is it appropriate to contact the examiner by phone? If not, how do you suggest we contact the office for a status update?
You can contact the examiner or his/her supervisor for a status update.
How do I copyright my online magazine?
Copyrights are administered by the Library of Congress. The best thing for you to do for information about copyright filing and protection, you should go to the Copyright Office website at http://copyright.gov.
Are copyright laws linked with the USPTO?
Please see our web site if you are looking for information about the Library of Congress which administers copyrights.
Can you protect the text and symbols on an LCD display via a copyright?
Copyrights fall under the Library of Congress, you can contact them at 202-707-3000.
I've had a copyright registered in the Copyright Office since 1997 for a board game I have invented. It is finally coming to market this year. Do I need a patent also on the product?
You should check with a patent attorney/agent since you filed for a copyright in 1997 you may be subject to a statutory bar due to possible disclosure of your product.
Copyright vs. Patent
Copyright vs. Patent If one develops an unusual book format /structure with the intent to display a specific kind of information (e.g. the structure makes learning celestial navigation easier), does one protect that using copyright (as 3-dimensional art) or as a patent (as a useful item)?
The answer to your question depends on how you want to protect your invention. If you want to protect unauthorized publication of your book, then a copyright may be sufficient, http://www.copyright.gov/ If you want to protect the ornamental features of the product, then a design patent may be the best choice. Lastly, if you want to protect the use or the products utility, then a utility patent would give you the best coverage. For example, if your product is an educational device, then your product may be eligible for a utility patent. Often, more than one type of intellectual property protection (i.e. a combination of copyright, trademarks and/or patents) may yield the best coverage for your product. You should seek legal advice to see which intellectual property protection is most appropriate for your invention.
I let my patent attorney know of my address change...should I notify the USPTO, both of us have gotten correspondence from them.
Once you have an attorney, we only deal with that attorney. We do not provide dual correspondence sent to both the applicant and his or her attorney.
Cost to file for a trademark
What is the cost to file for a trademark or to register a name of your product? And can a book name be registered.
The cost of filing for a trademark registration is dependent on the number of classes included in your application and the nature of the application process you choose to use. There are also additional fees if your application is based on an intent to use the mark in commerce. These fees and more information on trademark application filing is available at the USPTO website at http://www.uspto.gov/web/trademarks/workflow/start.htm
How does one find out status of a dead trademark & how to take ownership if available?
You can find the status of a trademark application at the USPTO website using TARR. A dead or abandoned status for a trademark application means that specific application is no longer under prosecution within the USPTO, and would not be used as a bar against your filing. It does not necessarily mean that there are not other marks that the trademark examining attorney would cite. It is also possible to revive an abandoned application (for example, if the USPTO declared the application abandoned for failure of the applicant to respond to an Office action, but the applicant later proved that a response was sent and the USPTO simply failed to match it with the file in a timely manner, then the case could be revived). Also, regardless of the status of an application within the USPTO, the owner may still claim common law rights, i.e, the mark may still be in use in commerce.
I have a utility/design that I want to patent that has four additional components that attach to the surface of the design and change the design look. My question is would these four additional design components become new designs patents or can I attach these designs to my patent design application for my original utility/design and is the 37 CFR 1.16 (f) the right form?
If the four additional components do not change the overall appearance of the invention, they could be presented in the same application as the basic design. However, if the components change the overall appearance, you could apply for a design patent for each different combination of basic article and attached component. You can also apply separately for a design patent on each of the four components.
Design and Utility
Is it possible to file one patent for design and utility?
Separate applications are required for design and utility inventions
Design Application Fees
I've seen the fee's for application fee, search fee and examination fee, what other fee's am I missing for a design that’s one page in description and design.
There are no other fees required to file a design application. An additional fee will be required upon issue.
Design or Utility patent
I have a new design for an existing (commodity) product, but much improved. Is it better to consider a Design or Utility patent, as the improvements can change the way the product is used?
Design and utility inventions are protected under 2 statutes: 35 USC 101 and 171; they are concerned with different subject matter; so they are not exclusive; the same invention could be appropriate for both patents.
Design Patent and A Utility Patent On The Same Item
Can I file a design patent and a utility patent on the same item? Does it make sense to do that based on their definitions?
On the same product, yes. The design patent would protect the ornamental appearance and the utility patent would protect the way the product is used or works.
Can design patents be filed under PCT
How detailed does a design patent need to be? My device that I have a utility patent on has magnets molded into it and I would like to patent the exact positioning of the magnets. Is that something that would fall under a design patent? How many drawings are recommended?
Design patents are directed to the appearance for an article of manufacture, so the appearance of the magnets could be patentable as a design. Your application should include very good drawings showing all features of your claimed design so that someone skilled in making your device could make and use it. See a Guide to Filing a Design Patent Application: http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/com/iip/pdf/brochure_05.pdf
Design, Trademark, or Patent
My question is where do I start in getting this design, trademark, or patent. Which comes first?
This answer is out of sequence. If you would like to patent the appearance of an everyday household item, you can apply for a design patent. Design patents protect the ornamental design embodied in or applied to an article of manufacture. The term of a design patent is 14 years from date of issue. You can also trademark the look of your invention, as long as there are aspects of the appearance that are not purely functional. There is no required order to applying for patents or trademarks - you can apply for both on the same day.
Are shoe designs (ornamental designs) patentable?
Yes, as long as it meets the requirements of U.S. Design Patent Law.
Device and The Method
Let's say I invent the first can-opener, both the device and the method are completely new and not obvious. Do I need 2 applications, one for the method and one for the device?
You can claim both the can opener and the method of use in the same application. If the Office determines you have two independent and distinct inventions they may require you to choose one. Then you would be able to file another application claiming priority to the first application.
What are the risks of working with patent development companies?
The Office cannot comment on particular patent development companies. However, general information on avoiding being scammed is available on our website: http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/com/iip/documents/scamprevent.pdf , a brochure entitled "Are You the Target?"
What is a disclaimer and why is it used?
A disclaimer is a statement filed by an owner (of an undivided part interest or of the entire interest) of a patent or of a patent to be granted (i.e., an application), in which the owner relinquishes certain legal rights to the patent. There are generally two types of disclaimers: a statutory disclaimer and a terminal disclaimer.
Under 37 CFR 1.321(a) the owner of a patent may disclaim a complete claim or claims of his or her patent. This may result from a lawsuit or because he or she has reason to believe that the claim or claims are too broad or otherwise invalid. A statutory disclaimer is not, however, a vehicle for adding or amending claims, since there is no provision for such in the statute (35 U.S.C. 253) nor the rules (37 CFR 1.321). Thus, claims of a patent cannot be disclaimed in favor of new claims to be added to the patent or an amendment to existing claims. The following link will provide you with a form for disclaimers under 1.321(a):
Terminal Disclaimers: 37 CFR 1.321(a) also provides for the filing by an applicant or patentee of a terminal disclaimer which disclaims or dedicates to the public the entire term or any portion of the term of a patent or patent to be granted. 37 CFR 1.321(c) specifically provides for the filing of a terminal disclaimer in an application or a reexamination proceeding for the purpose of overcoming a judicially created double patenting rejection. See MPEP § 804.02 at the following link: ( http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/pac/mpep/documents/0800_804_02.htm- sect804.02 ) This link will provide you with a form that can be used to file a terminal disclaimer to overcome an obviousness-type double patenting rejection: http://www.uspto.gov/web/forms/ sb0026_fill.pdf [PDF]
Disclosure Document Program
What do you mean by public disclosure, sale or offer for sale?
Public disclosure means that you have told at least one other person about your invention and there is no confidentiality agreement; offering for sale means that you have placed it in front of someone and asked them if they want to buy it. Selling means that you have exchanged your product for something of monetary value.
Under what circumstance(s) does a disclosure need to be filed under the USPTO's Disclosure Document Program?
It is not ever required.
I would like to know if after a Disclosure Document has ran out if you can get an extension.
There are no extensions for disclosure documents. For information about the disclosure document program, go to http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/pac/disdo.html
If I registered a Trademark for 'QWERTY' that sells 'qwerties'. And then find somebody else has the Internet domain www.qwerty.com and is also selling 'qwerties'. Can I stop them from using that Internet domain?
You may have some recourse against the later domain name user. You should consult the Domain Name Resolution Policy. I'm sorry I don't have a link for that but you should be able to find references for it on the web if you do a comprehensive search on a good search engine.
Is there a guideline to follow about drawings, drafting patents ?
Do the figures or drawings in a PPA have to be the exact same once you file the non-provisional for that PPA?
They don't have to be exactly the same. However, for any new information added in the non-provisional application, the benefit of the filing date of the provisional application will not be available to the new information filed in the non-provisional application.
EFS - lost my registration info
Would like to file EFS - lost my registration info. Can I file as a non-registered?
You should be able to contact the Electronic Business Center for assistance, http://www.uspto.gov/ebc/indexebc.html
Will the EFS-Web be secure, or is "snail mail" submissions still considered to be the most secure method?
EFS uses a secure transmission protocol.
Does the EFS-WEB pdf file need to be text-searchable?
Check the EFS-Web help and tutorial site for the pdf creation tips. http://www.uspto.gov/ebc/efs_help.html
EFS Web will likely be a target for hackers. Has it been tested for security?
Yes, and procedures have been put in place to mitigate any suspicious activity.
I searched EFS-WEB FAQ, and did a Google search of USPTO site, but didn't find an answer to my question. PDF files are of 2 kinds: (a) test-searchable, (b) image-only which requires OCR to be searchable. Can I submit image-only PDF files to EFS-WEB?
Image based PDF is fine. We OCR these images to do classification and security clearance on the documents
Is there online documentation on how to file patent applications electronically?
Patent applications can be submitted electronically through the Patent Electronic Business Center (EBC) at: http://www.uspto.gov/ebc/index.html. In addition, the Inventors Assistance Center is available between the hours of 8:30 AM – 5:00 PM (ET), Monday through Friday at 800-PTO-9199 (800-786-9199) or 571-272-1000 (TTY customers can dial 571-272-9950 for customer assistance). Our Web site (www.uspto.gov) has a wealth of information of inventor resources (www.uspto.gov/web/offices/com/iip/index.htm) including frequently asked questions.
Does the USPTO provide any measures to enforce patents against others?
Enforcing the patent is the right of the inventor or the assignee not the USPTO.
I have a product idea. How can I tell if there is an existing product or a similar one? What trustworthy party can I discuss concept with? What does one do after an idea?
You can find other patents for similar inventions on the USPTO web site.
You can also find a listing of registered attorneys and agents there.
You could also consult a professional search firm.
Would I be allowed to patent a new "skin" to outside of an existing product and add audio software to the existing software? I would need to obtain licenses from the creator of the character to use the new 'skin' and audio. Thru entertainment these additions would encourage children to correctly use a medical device which helps their doctor monitor a chronic disease.
A new "skin" for an existing product would be patentable if the differences between the new product and the existing product were novel or non-obvious. Basically, when you are improving on an existing device, the change you make to the device must be novel or non-obviousness for you to obtain a patent (See 35 USC sections 102 and 103). The USPTO examiner will analyze the differences between the claim(s) in your patent application and the existing device (generally called the “prior art”). The examiner then applies the standards of 35 USC 102 and 103 to determine if the claim is novel or if the differences between the claim and the “prior art” would have been “non-obviousness”. As long as the claim meets the statutory requirements of 35 U.S.C. 101, 102, 103 and 112, it may be patented.
What can we do as independent inventors to improve the time between issue fee payment and patent number issue and publication? Is there an expedited request and fee available for this?
Unfortunately, there is nothing you can do other than pay your issue fee in a timely manner. Publication depends on many factors within the publishing contractor's control. There is no process available to expedite publication.
How can one find the expiration date for a specific patent?
Patent term is usually 20 years from the earliest effective U.S. filing date subject to the payment of the maintenance fees.
When a Utility Patent expires, how long after that expiration before it is up for grabs? What sort of notification would be issued by the USPTO?
If a utility patent expires after the full 20 year term it is immediately available to the public. A utility patent can also expire for the non-payment of the maintenance fee. However, in this case, the patent may be reinstated upon granting of a petition to accept the delayed payment of the maintenance fee in an expired patent. The USPTO does post in the weekly Official Gazette a list of patents in that have expired due to the non-payment of the maintenance fee. See http://www.uspto.gov/news/og/og_2011.jsp - year is outdated
If a provisional application is filed, and time is running out to file a non provisional application, can another provisional application be filed, thus buying a one year extension?
If you file two provisional applications, you have two different filing dates, if you do not file a non provisional application at the one year date from the filing of the first provisional application, you will not be able to claim the benefit of the filing date of the first provisional application. You will have the second date as your date for filing a non provisional application and that non provisional application can only claim the benefit of the filing date of the second provisional application. This all depends if there is a public disclosure more than a year prior to the filing of the second provisional application.
After the first response from the USPTO I have 3 months to respond back. How would I get an additional 3 months extension?
In order to receive an extension of time you must file a "petition for an extension of time" under 37 CFR 1.136 along with your response and pay the appropriate fee for a 3 month extension of time. The current fees are available at http://www.uspto.gov under "How to pay fees".